HMS Orlando (1886)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Orlando.
HMSOrlando1897.jpg
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Orlando
Builder: Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company, Jarrow
Laid down: 23 April 1885
Launched: 3 August 1886
Fate: Sold for breaking up 11 July 1905
General characteristics
Class and type: Orlando-class armoured cruiser
Displacement: 5,600 tonnes (5,500 long tons)
Length: 300 ft (91 m) p/p
Beam: 56 ft (17 m)
Draught: 22.5 ft (6.9 m)
Installed power:
  • 5,500 hp (4,100 kW)
  • 8,500 hp (6,300 kW) forced-draught
Propulsion:
  • 3-cylinder triple-extension steam engines
  • two shafts
  • 4 double-ended boilers
Speed:
  • 17 knots (31 km/h) natural draught
  • 18 knots (33 km/h) forced draught
Range: 10,000 nautical miles (19,000 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h)
Complement: 484
Armament:
Armour:

HMS Orlando was the lead ship of the Orlando class of first-class cruisers built in the yards of Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company, Jarrow and launched on 3 August 1886.

Service history[edit]

She was commanded by Charles Ramsay Arbuthnot on the Australia Station from 1892 to 1895. In 1899 she was assigned to the China Station,[1] Captain James Henry Thomas Burke in command. During the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, sailors from HMS Orlando formed part of the force led by Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Seymour attempting to relieve the British Legation in Beijing. A replica of a bell captured from the Taku Forts forms part of a memorial to HMS Orlando in Victoria Park, Portsmouth.

In late March 1902 she left Hong Kong for Singapore, arriving there on 6 April.[2] After three weeks, she left Penang in late April, homebound,[3] stopping at Colombo on 5 May,[4] Aden on 14 May,[5] Malta on 28 May,[6] and Gibraltar on 2 June, before arriving at Portsmouth four days later.[7] Captain Burke died at sea on 12 May 1902, during the journey, and was buried at Aden.[8] Commander Philip Howard Colomb was in charge fore the remainder of the journey. She paid off at Portsmouth on 25 July, and was placed in the B Division of the Fleet Reserve.[9]

HMS Orlando was sold for scrapping on 11 July 1905 to Thos W Ward of Morecambe for £10,000.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bastock, pp.98–99.
  2. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36737). London. 9 April 1902. p. 10. 
  3. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36755). London. 30 April 1902. p. 9. 
  4. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36761). London. 7 May 1902. p. 10. 
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36769). London. 16 May 1902. p. 11. 
  6. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36779). London. 28 May 1902. p. 9. 
  7. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36788). London. 7 June 1902. p. 9. 
  8. ^ "Obituary - Captain James Burke". The Times (36770). London. 17 May 1902. p. 8. 
  9. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36830). London. 26 July 1902. p. 8. 

References[edit]

  • Bastock, John (1988), Ships on the Australia Station, Child & Associates Publishing Pty Ltd; Frenchs Forest, Australia. ISBN 0-86777-348-0
  • Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds. (1979). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4. 
  • Friedman, Norman (2012). British Cruisers of the Victorian Era. Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK: Seaforth. ISBN 978-1-59114-068-9. 
  • Silverstone, Paul H. (1984). Directory of the World's Capital Ships. New York: Hippocrene Books. ISBN 0-88254-979-0. 

External links[edit]