HMS Oxford (1674)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Oxford.
PrincesaVs3britsÁngelCortelliniSánchez(1858-1912)museonavaldemadrid.jpg
Battle between the Spanish 70-gun Princesa and HMS Lenox, Oxford and Kent
History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: HMS Oxford
Ordered: 11 September 1672
Builder: Baylie, Bristol
Launched: June 1674
Fate: Broken up, 1758
General characteristics as built[1]
Class and type: 54-gun fourth rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 670.2 tons (680.9 tonnes)
Length: 109 ft (33 m) (keel)
Beam: 34 ft (10 m)
Depth of hold: 15 ft 6 in (4.72 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 54 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1727 rebuild[2]
Class and type: 1719 Establishment 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 767 tons (779.3 tonnes)
Length: 134 ft (41 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 36 ft (11 m)
Depth of hold: 15 ft 2 in (4.62 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • 50 guns:
  • Gundeck: 22 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 22 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 4 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs

HMS Oxford was a 54-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built by Francis Baylie in Bristol and launched in June 1674.[1] Her guns comprised twenty-two 24-pounders on the lower deck, with twenty-two large sakers (8-pounders) on the upper deck and ten smaller sakers (5-pounders) on the quarter deck.

On 23 February 1684, Captain John Tyrrell was appointed to command the ship. In 1692 she was at the Battle of Barfleur under the command of Captain James Wishart. From 1701 to 1702 the Oxford underwent a Great Repair amounting to rebuilding at Deptford.[1][3]

On 29 June 1723 she was ordered to be taken to pieces at Portsmouth Dockyard, and rebuilt to the lines of a 50-gun Fourth Rate of the 1719 Establishment. She relaunched on 10 July 1727.[2]

Towards the end of the Seven Years' War the ship was commanded by Mariot Arbuthnot.

The Oxford was broken up in 1758.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p161.
  2. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p170.
  3. ^ Ships of the Old Navy, Oxford (1674)

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Michael Phillips. Oxford (54) (1674). Michael Phillips' Ships of the Old Navy. Retrieved 10 December 2007.