HMS Phaeton (1914)
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Laid down:||12 March 1913|
|Launched:||21 October 1914|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap, 16 January 1923|
|General characteristics (as built)|
|Class and type:||Arethusa-class light cruiser|
|Displacement:||3,512 long tons (3,568 t)|
|Length:||410 ft (125.0 m) p/p
436 ft (132.9 m) o/a
|Beam:||39 ft (11.9 m)|
|Draught:||15 ft 7 in (4.75 m) (mean, deep load)|
|Installed power:||40,000 shp (30,000 kW)
8 × Yarrow boilers
|Propulsion:||4 × shafts; 4 × steam turbines|
|Speed:||28.5 kn (52.8 km/h; 32.8 mph)|
|Range:||5,000 nmi (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)|
|Armament:||2 × single BL 6 in (152 mm) Mk XII guns
6 × single QF 4 in (102 mm) Mk V guns
1 × single QF 3-pounder (47 mm (1.9 in)) anti-aircraft gun
4 × 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
|Armour:||Waterline belt: 1–3 in (25–76 mm)
Deck: 1 in (25 mm)
HMS Phaeton was one of eight Arethusa-class light cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the 1910s. She fought in the First World War, participating in the Battle of Jutland. Following the war, she was scrapped.
Design and description
The Arethusa-class cruisers were intended to lead destroyer flotillas and defend the fleet against attacks by enemy destroyers. The ships were 456 feet 6 inches (139.1 m) long overall, with a beam of 49 feet 10 inches (15.2 m) and a deep draught of 15 feet 3 inches (4.6 m). Displacement was 5,185 long tons (5,268 t) at normal and 5,795 long tons (5,888 t) at full load. Phaeton was powered by four Parsons steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, which produced a total of 40,000 indicated horsepower (30,000 kW). The turbines used steam generated by eight Yarrow boilers which gave her a speed of about 28.5 knots (52.8 km/h; 32.8 mph). She carried 840 long tons (853 t) tons of fuel oil that gave a range of 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph).
The main armament of the Arethusa-class ships was two BL 6-inch (152 mm) Mk XII guns that were mounted on the centreline fore and aft of the superstructure and six QF 4-inch Mk V guns in waist mountings. They were also fitted with a single QF 3-pounder (47 mm (1.9 in)) anti-aircraft gun and four 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes in two twin mounts.
Construction and career
The ship was launched on 21 October 1914 at Vickers Limited's shipyard. On being commissioned, she was assigned to the 4th Light Cruiser Squadron of the Grand Fleet, and between February and March 1915 was operating in the Dardanelles in support of the Allied landings at Gallipoli. On Phaeton 's return to home waters, she was assigned to the 1st Light Cruiser Squadron of the Grand Fleet and by mid-April 1915 she was operating out of Scapa Flow. On 4 May 1916 she took part in shooting down the Zeppelin L 7. On 31 May to 1 June 1916 Phaeton took part in the Battle of Jutland. She survived the First World War, and was sold for scrapping on 16 January 1923 to King, of Troon.
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- Gardiner & Gray, p. 55
- Pearsall, Part I, p. 210
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