HMS Phoenix (1694)

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History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Phoenix
Launched: 1694
Fate: hulked, 1742; sold 1744
General characteristics
Type: Sixth-rate frigate
Tons burthen: 273 bm
Length: 93 ft (28 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Armament: 20 guns of six pounds

HMS Phoenix was originally built as a fireship. In 1707, she belonged to Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell's fleet. She saw action during the unsuccessful Battle of Toulon and was present during the great naval disaster off the Isles of Scilly when Shovell and four of his ships (Association, Firebrand, Romney and Eagle) were lost, claiming the lives of nearly 2,000[1] sailors. Phoenix ran ashore between Tresco and St Martin's[2] and had to be beached, but could be kept seaworthy and finally managed to reach Portsmouth. In 1709, the former fireship was re-built as a 20-gun sixth-rate frigate. When under the command of Vincent Pearse, she sailed to Nassau, Bahamas in February 1718, to offer the king's pardon to pirates who were willing to surrender and abandon piracy.[3] She also played a minor role in the 1740 Siege of St. Augustine during the War of Jenkins' Ear. In 1741, under the command of Captain Fanshaw, she was involved in the defence of Charlestown, South Carolina from Spanish pirates.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sobel, Dava, Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time, Fourth Estate Ltd., London 1998, p. 6, ISBN 1-85702-571-7
  2. ^ Sir Clowdisley Shovell and The Association, by Peter Mitchell, on 4 July 2007
  3. ^ Woodard, Colin (2007). The Republic of Pirates. Harcourt, Inc. pp. 232–240. ISBN 978-0-15-603462-3. OCLC 171111782.