HMS Phoenix (1759)
|Ordered:||5 January 1758|
|Builder:||John & Robert Batson, Limehouse|
|Laid down:||February 1758|
|Launched:||25 June 1759|
|Completed:||By 26 July 1759|
|Fate:||Foundered on 4 October 1780|
|Class and type:||40-gun fifth rate frigate|
|Tons burthen:||842 67⁄94 bm|
|Beam:||36 ft 9.75 in (11.2205 m)|
|Depth of hold:||15 ft 11.5 in (4.864 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
She saw service during the American War of Independence under Captain Hyde Parker, Jr. She, along with HMS Rose and three smaller ships launched an attack on New York City on 12 July 1776. During that attack, Phoenix and the other ships easily passed patriot defences and bombarded urban New York for two hours. This action largely confirmed continental fears that British naval superiority would allow the Royal Navy to act with relative impunity when attacking deep-water ports.
HMS Phoenix was also involved in a kind of currency war. During the Revolutionary War, when the Continental Congress authorized the printing of paper currency called continental currency, the monthly inflation rate reached a peak of 47 percent in November 1779 (Bernholz 2003: 48). One cause of the inflation was counterfeiting by the British, who ran a press on HMS Phoenix, moored in New York Harbour. The counterfeits were advertised and sold almost for the price of the paper they were printed on.
The Phoenix was lost on 4 October 1780 in a storm.
- Chernow, Ron (2011). Washington: A Life. Penguin Books. p. 238. ISBN 978-0143119968.
- Naval Documents of The American Revolution Vol. 5 Part 5 (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. 1970. p. 1043.
- Fischer, David (2004). Washington's Crossing. Oxford. pp. 83–84. ISBN 9780195181593.
- Stealing Lincoln’s Body (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2007: pg. 33
- Lettens, Jan. "HMS Phoenix (+1780)". Retrieved 7 September 2013.