HMS Phoenix (1895)
HMS Phoenix at anchor in the Hai River in about 1900.
|Builder:||HM Dockyard, Devonport|
|Laid down:||25 July 1894|
|Launched:||25 April 1895|
|Beam:||32 ft 6 in (9.91 m)|
|Draught:||13 ft 1 in (3.99 m)|
|Installed power:||1,400 ihp (1,000 kW)|
|Sail plan:||Barquentine rigged|
|Speed:||13 kn (24 km/h)|
|Armour:||Protective deck of 1 to 1 1⁄2 in (2.5 to 3.8 cm) steel over machinery and boilers|
HMS Phoenix was a Royal Navy Phoenix-class steel screw sloop. She was launched at Devonport in 1895, saw action in China during the Boxer Rebellion, and later served on the Pacific Station. She had the misfortune to be alongside a coaling pier in Hong Kong on 18 September 1906 when a typhoon struck the colony. She foundered and became a total loss.
Phoenix was the name ship of her class of steel screw sloops mounting 10 guns. She and her sister ship, Algerine, were designed by Sir William White, the Admiralty Chief Constructor. The class was essentially a twin-screw version of the Alert-class sloop.
Phoenix was constructed of steel and given a protective deck of 1 to 1 1⁄2 in (2.5 to 3.8 cm) steel armour over her machinery and boilers. She was laid down at Devonport Dockyard on 25 July 1894 and launched on 25 April 1895.
Phoenix was provided with a three-cylinder vertical triple-expansion steam engine developing 1,400 indicated horsepower (1,000 kW) and driving twin screws. The machinery was provided by Devonport Dockyard.
Her armament consisted primarily of six 4-inch quick-firing guns weighing a ton each and firing a 25-pound (11 kg) shell. In addition she was fitted with four 3-pounder guns and three machine guns.
Phoenix was deployed to the China Station, and in early 1900 Commander R. P. Cochran was in command. As of 2010 she was at Hong Kong and about to be recommissioned; she served in Chinese waters during the Boxer Rebellion under the command of Edward Hobart Seymour.
- Winfield (2004) p.278
- "HMS Phoenix at Naval Database website". Retrieved 2010-05-16.
- Preston (2007) p.186
- Preston, Anthony; Major, John (2007). Send a Gunboat: The Victorian Navy and Supremacy at Sea, 1854–1904 (2nd ed.). London: Conway. ISBN 978-0-85177-923-2.
- Winfield, Rif & Lyon, David (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6. OCLC 52620555.
Media related to Phoenix class sloop at Wikimedia Commons