HMS Pictou (1813)
|Namesake:||Pictou, Nova Scotia|
|Acquired:||25 October 1813 by purchase after capture|
|Fate:||Captured and destroyed|
|General characteristics |
|Tons burthen:||211 (bm)|
|Beam:||24 ft 8 in (7.5 m)|
|Depth of hold:||10 ft 6 in (3.2 m)|
HMS Pictou was a 14-gun schooner that the Royal Navy captured in 1813. She served briefly on the Royal Navy's North American station, capturing one or two merchantmen before the American frigate USS Constitution captured and destroyed her during the War of 1812.
The origins of Pictou are obscure. Some references report that she was built as the American letter of marque Syron. However, the most comprehensive listing of American letters of marque has no vessel by that name. Also, the London Gazette has no mention of the capture of any vessel with that name. Other references suggest that Pictou was originally a privateer by the name of Bonne Foi. Again, there is no record in the London Gazette of a capture of a privateer with that name.
Admiralty records show that in October 1813 Admiral Sir John Warren, commander-in-chief of the Royal Navy's North American station, purchased Syron and renamed her Pictou. Lieutenant Edward Stephens commissioned her. However, apparently Pictou was already serving the Royal Navy, and may well have been captured in the Caribbean.
One source states that on 19 September Pictou captured the brig Isabella, of 126 tons (bm), which was sailing to Boston with a cargo of silk, wine, oil, etc. Other records give the date as 19 August, and the captor as the schooner Picton, although the Royal Navy had no vessel by that name.[Note 1] The records of the Halifax Vice Admiralty court gives the date of capture as 19 July, and reports that Isabella P. Slaygur, master, had been sailing from Algesiras to Boston carrying wine, silk, oil and cork. A third source has the capture date as 22 July. A fourth account has Pictou bringing Isabella into Halifax on 23 July, and otherwise is consistent with the third account.
Pictou recaptured the sloop Ringdove, which the American privateer Polly, of Salem had captured. Polly had also captured a schooner carrying a cargo of stone, but the schooner too had been recaptured. Ringdove had been traveling from Halifax to Newfoundland when Polly had captured her.
The USS Constitution captured and destroyed Pictou on 14 February 1814, windward of Barbados. At this time the ship was escorting the armed merchant Lovely Ann from Bermuda to Surinam. In the morning Constitution, under the command of Captain Charles Stewart, stopped Pictou with a shot through her sails and captured her. A few hours before, Constitution had already captured Lovely Ann and had taken her as a prize. Captain Stewart decided to keep the merchant vessel but commanded that Pictou be destroyed. Pictou was one of five British warships that Constitution captured or destroyed during the war.
Notes, citations, and references
- The announcement in the London Gazette, gives Pictou's name as Picton. This was a common mistake but there is no ambiguity or confusion as the Royal Navy did not use the name Picton until the 20th Century. The mistake may have originated in the town of Pictou being relatively unknown, whilst Thomas Picton was a noted British general then serving in the Peninsular campaign.
- Winfield (2008), p. 367.
- Emmons (1853).
- The Naval Database, P. Benyon
- Dudley & Crawford (1992), p.281.
- "No. 16837". The London Gazette. 1 January 1814. p. 20.
- Lloyd's List no 4803, - accessed 9 October 2014.
- Records of the Vice-Admiralty Court, Halifax, Nova Scotia  - accessed 2 November 2013.
- Arthur (2011), p.215.
- Arthur, Brian (2011) How Britain Won the War of 1812: The Royal Navy's Blockades of the United States, 1812-1815. (Boydell & Brewer Ltd.). ISBN 9781843836650
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Dudley, William S. & Michael J. Crawford (1992) The Naval War of 1812:A Documentary History. 1813 (Naval Historical Center; Government Printing Office). ISBN 9780945274063
- Emmons, George Foster (1853) The navy of the United States, from the commencement, 1775 to 1853; with a brief history of each vessel’s service and fate ... Comp. by Lieut. George F. Emmons ... under the authority of the Navy Dept. To which is added a list of private armed vessels, fitted out under the American flag ... also a list of the revenue and coast survey vessels, and principal ocean steamers, belonging to citizens of the United States in 1850. (Washington: Gideon & Co.)
- Winfield, Rif (2008) British Warships in the Age of Sail: 1793-1817. Revised edition, Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84415-717-4.
- Tyrone G. Martin: A Most Fortunate Ship. A Narrative History Of Old Ironsides; Revised Edition USA 2003; p. 185/186.