HMS Plymouth (F126)

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HMS Plymouth underway.jpg
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Plymouth
Builder: Devonport Dockyard
Laid down: 1 July 1958
Launched: 20 July 1959
Commissioned: 11 May 1961
Decommissioned: 28 April 1988
Identification: Pennant number: F126
Fate: Scrapped October 2014
General characteristics
Class and type: Rothesay-class frigate
Displacement:
  • 2,150 tons standard
  • 2,560 tons full load
Length: 370 ft (110 m)
Beam: 41 ft (12 m)
Draught: 17.3 ft (5.3 m)
Installed power: 30,000 shp (22,000 kW)
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h)
Range: 400 tons oil fuel, 5,200 nautical miles (9,600 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
Complement: 152, later 225, modified to 235[citation needed]
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Electronics (as built):
  • Radar Type 293Q target indication
  • Radar Type 277Q height finding
  • Radar Type 275 fire control on director Mark 6M
  • Radar Type 974 navigation
  • Type 1010 Cossor Mark 10 IFF
  • Sonar Type 174 search
  • Sonar Type 162 target classification
  • Sonar Type 170 attack
  • Electronics (as modified):
  • Radar Type 993 target indication
  • Radar Type 903 fire control on director MRS3
  • Radar Type 978 navigation
  • Type 1010 Cossor Mark 10 IFF
  • Sonar Type 177 search
  • Sonar Type 162 target classification
  • Sonar Type 170 attack
Armament:
  • Armament (as built):
  • 1 × twin 4.5in gun Mark 6
  • 1 × 40 mm Bofors gun Mark 7
  • 2 × Limbo A/S mortar Mark 10
  • 12 × 21-in A/S torpedo tubes (removed or never shipped)
  • Armament (as modified):
  • 1 × twin 4.5in gun Mark 6
  • 1 × Sea Cat GWS-20 SAM
  • 2 × 20 mm Oerlikon guns
  • 1 × Limbo A/S mortar Mark 10
  • 2 × 8-barrel 3in Knebworth/Corvus countermeasures launchers
Aircraft carried: Wasp helicopter

HMS Plymouth was a Royal Navy Rothesay-class frigate. In 1982, Plymouth was one of the first Royal Navy ships to arrive in the South Atlantic during the Falklands War.

Background[edit]

Named after the English city of Plymouth, she was commissioned in 1959. Plymouth was one of 12 ships built in the new Rothesay class; were built after the Whitby (Type 12s) in the mid 1950s. Plymouth was built at the Devonport Dockyard, in her namesake city of Plymouth. She was launched by Viscountess Astor on 20 July 1959.

Operational history[edit]

1959-1981[edit]

Plymouth served between 1963 and 1964 as the leader of the 22nd Escort Squadron and leader of the 29th Escort Squadron from 1964 to 1966 in Singapore and Australia.[1]

In 1966 under the command of Captain Thomas Fanshawe Plymouth was assigned to the Beira Patrol. On 4 April she intercepted the oil tanker Joanna V, but declined the use of force for diplomatic reasons she failed to prevent the ship from reaching Beira, raising concerns that its 18,700 tons of petroleum could then be sent by pipeline to the rebel British colony of Rhodesia.

In 1970 Plymouth took part in the Cook Bicentennial celebrations held in Sydney Harbour. After a spell inside a floating dock in Singapore, to clean and repaint her hull, the ship sailed across the Indian Ocean for a six-week stint on the Beira Patrol.

Back in the UK, Plymouth visited various ports around the country including Stornoway and Middlesbrough as part of a Royal Navy recruitment drive.

In 1977 the ship - as part of the 8th Frigate Squadron - attended the Fleet Review off Spithead for the Queen's Silver Jubilee.[2] She saw action in the Cod Wars between the United Kingdom and Iceland and also the Falklands War in 1982.

Falklands War[edit]

Plymouth was one of the first Royal Navy ships to arrive in the South Atlantic following the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. She, alongside Antrim, Brilliant and Endurance took part in the recapturing of South Georgia on 28 April during Operation Paraquet. Plymouth landed Royal Marines from her Westland Wasp helicopters and bombarded Argentine troop positions on the island. Her Wasp helicopter later took part in an attack on the Argentinian submarine Santa Fe, which was badly damaged and later captured by Royal Marines.

Plymouth rejoined the task force and supported troops on the ground by bombarding Argentine troop positions with her 4.5-inch (114 mm) guns.

On 8 June, Plymouth was attacked by IAI Nesher fighter bombers of FAA Grupo 6 of the Argentine Air Force. Plymouth was hit by four 1000lb bombs and several cannon shells. One bomb hit the flight deck, detonating a depth charge and starting a fire, one went straight through her funnel and two more destroyed her Limbo anti-submarine mortar.[3] All of the bombs failed to explode. Five men were injured in the attack.

Plymouth's wardroom was where the surrender of Argentine Forces in South Georgia was signed by Lieutenant commander Alfredo Astiz.[citation needed] The ship returned to Rosyth Dockyard after the war for full repair and a refit.

1983-1987[edit]

In 1983, Plymouth served as the West Indies guard ship. On 11 April 1984, she was involved in a collision with the German Köln-class frigate Braunschweig. In 1986 she suffered a boiler room fire, killing two sailors.

Preservation[edit]

After the ship, which was the last Type 12 in service, was paid off on 28 April 1988, she was acquired by the Warship Preservation Trust. In 1990 she was towed to Glasgow and placed on permanent display at a berth on the River Clyde. In the late 1990s, she was relocated to the Great Float within Birkenhead Docks for display alongside other preserved ships and submarines, where she became the undertaking of Peel Holdings.

Scrapping controversy[edit]

On 6 February 2006 the Warship Preservation Trust closed citing financial difficulties. Plymouth became the property of the Mersey Docks and Harbour Company following the demise of the trust.[4] Plymouth City Council expressed an interest in the ship; a campaign group called the HMS Plymouth Preservation Trust attempted to raise £250,000 to bring the warship back to her home city.[5][6] However the attempt to bring the Type 12 frigate back to Plymouth's Millbay Docks failed after the Associated British Ports withdrew the offer of a berth in January 2007.[7] An online petition then called on the UK government to provide a berth for the ship, but it was announced in 2012 that she has been sold for scrapping.[8]

In January 2014 campaigners continued to dispute Peel Ports - which owns Mersey Docks - that it had ownership rights to Plymouth.[9][10] The action group accused Peel of allowing the condition of Plymouth to worsen in order to make any attempt to move/preserve her appear unfeasible.[11]

The ship was towed from Vittoria Dock, Birkenhead, by the tug Amber II, on 20 August 2014[12] to be scrapped in Turkey.[13] HMS Plymouth was scrapped at Aliaga in 2014.[14]

There appears to be some controversy about how the sale was conducted by The Peel Group and some of the clauses included in the sale contract with the dismantlers.[15]

Future[edit]

A campaign has been started for one of the Royal Navy's new Type 26 frigates, due to enter service in 2020, to be named Plymouth, in recognition of the city of Plymouth's continuous contribution to the UK's defences.[16]

Commanding officers[edit]

From To Captain
1963 1963 Captain Edward L Cook RN [1]
1963 1964 Captain Derrick G Kent RN [1]
1964 1966 Captain Thomas E Fanshawe DSC RN [1]
1970 197? Commander Michael Livesay RN
1977 1977 Commander K H Day OBE RN
1981 1983 Captain D Pentreath CBE DSO RN
1983 1984 Captain Mike Cole RN
1984 1985 Captain Peter Voute CBE RN
1985 1985 Commander Anthony Dymock RN

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Royal Navy Senior Appointments, Colin Mackie
  2. ^ Official Souvenir Programme, 1977. Silver Jubilee Fleet Review, HMSO
  3. ^ Brown, David (1987). The Royal Navy and the Falklands War. Leo Cooper. pp. 297–300. ISBN 0-85052-0592. 
  4. ^ E-petition: government response, 10 Downing Street, 1 June 2007, retrieved 12 August 2007 [permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Future of warships in the balance". BBC News. 18 January 2006. Retrieved 19 January 2006. 
  6. ^ "Campaign to save veteran warship". BBC. 15 September 2006. 
  7. ^ "Warship's berth offer withdrawn". BBC News. 22 January 2007. Retrieved 9 June 2008. 
  8. ^ "Hundreds sign up to save warship". BBC News. 19 March 2007. 
  9. ^ Hull, Liz (14 June 2012). "A sad farewell to HMS Plymouth: Falklands frigate on which Argentinians surrendered lies rusting as it awaits final voyage to scrapyard on 30th anniversary of war". Mail Online. 
  10. ^ Plymouth Trust (September 2013). "The Fight for HMS Plymouth goes to Parliament". Plymouth Trust. Archived from the original on 6 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Plymouth Trust (29 September 2013), Peel Ports Deliberate Neglect and Damage of HMS Plymouth, Plymouth Trust, archived from the original on 6 June 2014 
  12. ^ "The ocean-going tug Amber II entering the Mersey from Alfred Locks, Birkenhead while towing HMS Plymouth on her scrap voyage to Turkey". www.shipspotting.com. 20 August 2014. 
  13. ^ Blackledge, Sam (20 August 2014). "HMS Plymouth is finally towed away to be scrapped". Plymouth Herald. Archived from the original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  14. ^ Eve, Carl (18 November 2014). "Demise of HMS Plymouth almost complete - exclusive pictures". Plymouth Herald. Archived from the original on 25 January 2015. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  15. ^ Eve, Carl (30 September 2014). "Campaigners in Turkey confirm HMS Plymouth has been scrapped". Plymouth Herald. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  16. ^ Nichols, Tristan (5 September 2014). "Campaign for warship to be named HMS Plymouth". Plymouth Herald. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]