HMS Queen Charlotte (1810)

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Nicolaas Baur - Krijgsraad aan boord van de 'Queen Charlotte'.jpg
Council of war on board the Queen Charlotte, 1818
History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Queen Charlotte
Ordered: 9 July 1801
Builder: Deptford Dockyard
Laid down: October 1805
Launched: 17 July 1810[1]
Commissioned: January 1813
Fate: Sold, 12 January 1892
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: 104-gun first-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 2289 bm
Length: 190 ft 0 12 in (57.9 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 52 ft 5 34 in (16.0 m)
Depth of hold: 22 ft 4 in (6.8 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • Gundeck: 30 × 32-pounder guns
  • Middle gundeck: 30 × 24-pounder guns
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 12-pounder guns
  • QD: 2 × 12-pounder guns + 12 × 32-pounder carronades
  • Fc: 2 × 12-pounder guns + 2 × 32-pounder carronades
  • Poop deck: 6 × 18-pounder carronades

HMS Queen Charlotte was a 104-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 17 July 1810 at Deptford. She was built to the lines of Sir Edward Hunt's Royal George as a replacement for the first HMS Queen Charlotte, which had been lost in an accidental fire on 17 March 1800.[1][2]

Anti-slave trade activity[edit]

She was sent Sierra Leone where she became engaged in the suppression of the slave trade. Following her seizure of the French ship Le Lois, a ship engaged in the slave trade, the Vice Admiralty Court declared the French ship and its cargo forfeit. However when this was taken to appeal at the High Court of Admiralty, the judge William Scott overturned the judgement, saying that the way Le Lois had been stopped and boarded was illegal as "No nation can exercise a right of visitation and search on the common and unappropriated parts of the sea, save only on the belligerent claim." He accepted that this would constitute a serious impediment to the suppression of the slave trade, but argued that this should be remedied through international treaties rather than Naval officers exceeding what they were permitted to do.[3]:3-4

She was Lord Exmouth's flagship during the Bombardment of Algiers in 1816.

On 17 September 1817, Linnet, a tender to Queen Charlotte, seized a smuggled cargo of tobacco. The officers and crew of Queen Charlotte shared in the prize money.[Note 1]

Fate[edit]

Queen Charlotte was converted to serve as a training ship in 1859 and renamed HMS Excellent. She was eventually sold out of the service to be broken up in 1892.[2]

Notes, citations, and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A first-class share was worth £101 18s 8d; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth 8s 2¼d.[4]
Citations
  1. ^ a b The Times (London), Wednesday, 18 July 1810, p.3
  2. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p187.
  3. ^ Report of the Directors of the African Institution Read at the Annual General Meeting: On the .. London: African Institution. 1818. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "No. 17360". The London Gazette. 16 May 1818. p. 892. 
References
  • Lavery, Brian (2003): The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Winfield, Rif (2008): British Warships in the Age of Sail: 1793 - 1817. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84415-717-4.