HMS R11

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R-class submarine
R-class submarine
History
Name: HMS R11
Builder: Cammell Laird, Birkenhead
Laid down: 1 December 1917
Launched: 16 March 1918
Commissioned: 8 August 1919
Fate: Sold, 21 February 1923
General characteristics
Class and type: R-class submarine
Displacement:
  • 410 long tons (417 t) surfaced
  • 503 long tons (511 t) submerged
Length: 163 ft 9 in (49.91 m)
Beam: 15 ft 3 in (4.65 m)
Draught: 11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)
Installed power:
  • 240 bhp (180 kW) (diesel)
  • 1,200 hp (890 kW) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 9.5 knots (17.6 km/h; 10.9 mph) surfaced
  • 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) submerged
Range: 2,400 nmi (4,400 km; 2,800 mi) at 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph) surfaced; 60 nmi (110 km; 69 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged
Test depth: 150 feet (45.7 m)
Complement: 2 officers and 20 ratings
Sensors and
processing systems:
Bow hydrophone array
Armament: 6 × bow 18-inch (45 cm) torpedo tubes

HMS R11 was one of 10 R-class submarine built for the Royal Navy during the First World War. The boat was not completed before the end of the war and was sold for scrap in 1923.

Design and description[edit]

The R-class submarine was designed to meet an Admiralty requirement for a specialised hunter-killer submarine with an emphasis on submerged performance. The boats had a length of 163 feet 9 inches (49.9 m) overall, a beam of 15 feet 3 inches (4.6 m) and a mean draft of 11 feet 6 inches (3.5 m). They displaced 410 long tons (420 t) on the surface and 503 long tons (511 t) submerged. The R-class submarines had a crew of 2 officers and 20 ratings.[1] They had a diving depth of 150 feet (45.7 m).[2]

For surface running, the boats were powered by a single eight-cylinder [3] 240-brake-horsepower (179 kW) diesel engine that drove the single propeller shaft. When submerged it was driven by a 1,200-horsepower (895 kW) electric motor. They could reach 9.5 knots (17.6 km/h; 10.9 mph) on the surface and 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) underwater. On the surface, the R class had a range of 2,400 nautical miles (4,400 km; 2,800 mi) at 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph) and 60 nmi (110 km; 69 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) submerged.[4]

The boats were armed with six 18-inch (45 cm) torpedo tubes in the bow. They carried six reload torpedoes for a grand total of a dozen torpedoes. They were equipped with an array of five hydrophones in the bow to allow them to locate and engage targets while submerged.[4]

Construction and career[edit]

HMS R11 was laid down on 1 December 1917 by Cammell Laird at Birkenhead, launched on 16 March 1918 and commissioned on 8 August 1919. She came too late to see any combat in World War I, like most of the other R class submarines. R11 was sold on 21 February 1923 to J Smith. The ship's bell is held by the Royal Navy Submarine Museum at Gosport.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gardiner & Gray, p. 93
  2. ^ Harrison, Chapter 19
  3. ^ Harrison, Chapter 25
  4. ^ a b Harrison, Chapter 10

References[edit]