HMS Rambler (1880)

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HMS Rambler (1880).jpg
Rambler with an unidentified gunboat berthed to the right
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Rambler
Builder: John Elder & Co., Glasgow
Cost:
  • Hull £26,625
  • Machinery £10,413
Yard number: 227
Laid down: 1879
Launched: 26 January 1880
Commissioned: 1884
Fate: Sold on 23 January 1907
General characteristics
Class and type: Algerine-class gunvessel
Displacement: 835t
Length: 157 ft (48 m) pp
Beam: 29 ft 6 in (8.99 m)
Draught: 13 ft 7 in (4.14 m)
Installed power: 690 ihp (510 kW)[1]
Propulsion:
  • 2-cylinder horizontal compound-expansion steam engine
  • Single screw
Sail plan: Barque or full-rigged ship
Speed: 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h)
Endurance: 110t of coal[1]
Complement: 100
Armament:

HMS Rambler was an Algerine-class gunvessel of the Royal Navy, built by John Elder & Co., Glasgow and launched on 26 January 1880. She was commissioned as a survey vessel in 1884 and served in Chinese waters during the 1880s and 1890s. She provided men to a naval brigade during the Boer War and was sold on 23 January 1907.

Design and construction[edit]

Designed in 1879 by Nathaniel Barnaby, the Chief Constructor of the Royal Navy, the Algerine-class gunvessels were similar to the Condor-class gunvessels of 1875, but with the addition of a poop deck.[1] It had been found that the addition of both poop and focsle made gunvessels far more comfortable in the tropics; an awning spread between the two allowed men to sleep on the upper deck during hot nights.[2] The composite method of construction used iron for the keel, stem, stern post and framing, with wooden planking. As well as the benefits of low cost, this construction allowed repairs to be conducted easily when away from well-equipped dockyards.[2]

Propulsion[edit]

A two-cylinder horizontal compound-expansion steam engine provided by the builders produced 690 ihp (510 kW) through a single screw, giving a speed of about 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h).[1]

Sail plan[edit]

The vessels of the class were barque-rigged, but some of the pictures show yards on the mizzen mast, which would have made them ship rigged. The advantage of the barque rig was the need for less manpower, but on a distant station and with an experienced crew, and infrequent coaling stops, captains sometimes preferred to gain the greater sailing benefits of the ship rig, and had the flexibility to do so.

Armament[edit]

The Algerine-class gunvessels were designed with one 7-inch (180 mm) (4½ ton) muzzle-loading rifles, two 64-pounder muzzle-loading rifles, 2 machine guns and a light gun. Rambler, as a survey vessel, was finished with four 20-pdr breech loading guns, one machine gun and one light gun.[1]

Build[edit]

The keel was laid at the Fairfield yard of John Elder & Co. in 1879 and she was launched on 26 January 1880. She was not commissioned until 1884, by which time she had been completed as a survey vessel.[1]

Surveys[edit]

A view of Rambler from the port bow

Rambler conducted extensive surveys in the Red Sea and Far East, and from 1886 served on the China Station. For a few months between October 1889 and April 1890 she conducted a survey in Western Australian waters[3] under the command of G. E. Richards. She recommissioned on 1 February 1889 at Hong Kong.[4]

[Note 1] In 1897 she surveyed the Strait of Belle Isle in the Atlantic. [5]

Boer War[edit]

Between November 1899 and June 1900[6] Rambler contributed men to a naval brigade made up primarily of men from Doris, and they fought at Graspan and Magersfontein.[7]

In May 1902 she was back at the China station, Captain M. H. Smyth in command.[8]

Fate[edit]

She was sold on 23 January 1907.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ It was the general practice of the Royal Navy during this period to send a crew out to a distant station, recommission the ship with the new crew, and send the old crew back home. This allowed the hulls to be exploited to the maximum extent possible.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Winfield (2008) p.296
  2. ^ a b Preston, Anthony; Major, John (2007). Send a Gunboat: The Victorian Navy and Supremacy at Sea, 1854–1904 (2nd ed.). London: Conway. ISBN 978-0-85177-923-2. 
  3. ^ a b Bastock 1988, p.113.
  4. ^ "HMS Rambler at the Naval Database website". Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  5. ^ "Friends of Hydrography". 
  6. ^ "HMS Rambler at angloboerwar.com". Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  7. ^ "Landing Parties of HMS Rambler and Doris, Simonstown. Boer War c.1899 at Sea Your History website". Retrieved 2010-12-22. 
  8. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36761). London. 7 May 1902. p. 10. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]