HMS Rattlesnake (1822)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships with the same name, see HMS Rattlesnake.
HMS Rattlesnake (1822).jpg
Rattlesnake, painted by Sir Oswald Walters Brierly, 1853
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Rattlesnake
Ordered: 30 April 1818
Builder: Chatham Dockyard
Laid down: August 1819
Launched: 26 March 1822
Commissioned: 8 May 1824[1]
Reclassified:
  • Troopship 1839
  • Survey vessel in 1845
Fate: Broken up at Chatham in January 1860
General characteristics
Class and type: Atholl-class 28-gun sixth-rate corvette
Tons burthen: 499 91/94 bm
Length:
  • 113 ft 8 in (34.6 m) (gundeck)
  • 94 ft 8 34 in (28.9 m) (keel)
Beam: 31 ft 6 in (9.6 m)
Depth of hold: 8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 175
Armament:

HMS Rattlesnake was an Atholl-class 28-gun sixth-rate corvette of the Royal Navy launched in 1822. She made a historic voyage of discovery to the Cape York and Torres Strait areas of northern Australia.

Construction[edit]

Launched at Chatham Dockyard on 26 March 1822, Rattlesnake was 114 feet (34.7 m) long and 32 feet (9.7 m) abeam. She carried twenty 32-pounder carronades, six 18-pounder carronades and two 9-pounder long guns.[1]

Service in the Greek War of Independence[edit]

For most of the years 1827 to 1829 Rattlesnake was cruising off the coasts of Greece, under the command of Captain the Hon. Charles Orlando Bridgeman. During that period her log was kept by Midshipman Talavera Vernon Anson and survives in a collection at the New York Public Library.[2] Both men went on to become admirals.[3]

Service in the East Indies and China Station[edit]

William Hobson was appointed captain in December 1834. Rattlesnake served in the Far East squadron, which was commanded by Admiral Sir Thomas Bladen Capel. In 1836, the Rattlesnake was ordered to Australia, arriving at Hobart on 5 August 1836 and at Sydney 18 days later. On 26 May 1837, the Rattlesnake sailed to the Bay of Islands, New Zealand, in response to a request for help from James Busby, the British Resident, who felt threatened by fighting between Māori tribes.[4] In 1838 the Rattlesnake returned to England.

Service in the First Anglo-Chinese War[edit]

The capture of Chinhai on 10 October 1841, showing HMS Rattlesnake (centre)

During the period 1841–42 she was involved in actions off Canton in the fleet commanded by Sir William Parker in the First Anglo-Chinese War (1839–42),[5] known popularly as the First Opium War.

Survey ship[edit]

She was converted to a survey ship in 1845.[1]

Australia and New Guinea[edit]

The captain on the voyage to northern Australia and New Guinea from 1846-1850 was Owen Stanley. Also aboard were John Thomson as Surgeon, Thomas Henry Huxley as Assistant Surgeon ("surgeon's mate", but in practice marine naturalist), John MacGillivray as botanist and Oswald Brierly as artist. T. H. Huxley established his scientific reputation by the papers he wrote on this voyage, leading to his election as fellow of the Royal Society in 1851.[6]

Rattlesnake was the ship that rescued Barbara Crawford Thompson, who had been shipwrecked on Prince of Wales Island, North Queensland, aged 13 in November 1844 and spent the next five years living with the local Kaurareg people, despite their reputation for being cannibals.[7][8]

Fate[edit]

She was broken up at Chatham in January 1860.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Winfield (2004) p.113
  2. ^ H.M.S. Rattlesnake logbook 1827-1829 at nypl.org, accessed 15 August 2015
  3. ^ 'Anson, Talavera Vernon Anson', and 'Bridgeman, The Honourable Charles Orlando', in William Richard O'Byrne, A Naval Biographical Dictionary, vol. 1 (London: John Murray, 1849), p. 16 and p. 123
  4. ^ Ballara, Angela (1 Sep 2010). "Pomare II - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 12 Dec 2011. 
  5. ^ "HMS RATTLESNAKE (Anglo-Chinese war 1842)". Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  6. ^ Fellow details, Royal Society, retrieved 5 Sep 2012 
  7. ^ On The Box: Ray Mears Goes Walkabout[dead link]
  8. ^ DigiGuide library

Further reading[edit]

  • Huxley, T.H. (1935), Huxley, Julian, ed., Diary of the Voyage of HMS Rattlesnake, London: Chatto and Windus 
  • Goodman, Jordan (2006), The Rattlesnake: A Voyage of Discovery to the Coral Sea, London: Faber & Faber, ISBN 978-0-571-21078-7 

External links[edit]