HMS Revenge (1805)
|Ordered:||29 September 1796|
|Laid down:||August 1800|
|Launched:||13 April 1805|
Participated in:Battle of Trafalgar
|Fate:||Broken up, 1849|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||74-gun third rate ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1954 (bm)|
|Length:||181 ft 11 in (55.4 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||49 ft 2 in (15.0 m)|
|Depth of hold:||20 ft 9 in (6.3 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
HMS Revenge was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 13 April 1805. Sir John Henslow designed her as one of the large class 74s; she was the only ship built to her draught. As a large 74, she carried 24-pounder guns on her upper gun deck, rather than the 18-pounder guns found on the middling and common class 74s.
In October 1810, Revenge captured the French privateer cutter Vauteur off Cherbourg after a five-hour chase. Vauteur had been armed with 16 guns, but she threw 14 of them overboard during the chase. She had been out of Dieppe for 45 hours but had made no captures. She was the former British cutter John Bull, of Plymouth, and was restored to Plymouth on 19 October. The report in Lloyd's List announcing this news appears to have confused names. Vauteur appears to have been Vengeur. There is no account of Revenge capturing a Vauteur, but on 17 October, Revenge captured the French privateer lugger Vengeur, off Cherbourg. The lugger crossed to windward of Revenge before daylight, and Revenge gave chase, finally capturing her quarry after three hours. Vengeur was armed with 16 guns and had a crew of 78 men. She was one day out of Dieppe and had not taken any prizes.
On 13 November 1810, the frigates Diana and Niobe attacked two French frigates (Elisa and Amazone), which sought protection under the shore batteries near Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue. Revenge and Donegal arrived two days later and together the four ships fired upon the French for as long as the tide would allow. The operation cost Donegal three men wounded. Élisa was driven ashore and ultimately destroyed as a result of this action; Amazone escaped safely into Le Havre.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
- Summary of Revenge's end. (Possibly fiction)
- http://www.huntington.org/uploadedfiles/files/pdfs/s05frontiers.pdf Article concerning the HMS Revenge's 200th Anniversary.
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