HMS Richmond (1757)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships with the same name, see HMS Richmond.
History
Great Britain
Name: HMS Richmond
Ordered: 12 March 1756
Builder: John Buxton, Deptford
Laid down: April 1756
Launched: 12 November 1757
Completed: 7 December 1757 at Deptford Dockyard
Commissioned: April 1757
Fate: Captured by the French Navy in Chesapeake Bay, 11 September 1781
French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign French Navy EnsignFrance
Name: Richemont
Acquired: 1781 by capture
Fate: Scuttled by fire on 19 May 1793
General characteristics
Class and type: Richmond-class fifth-rate frigate
Displacement: 1,000 (tons; French)
Tons burthen: 664 1694 (bm)
Length:
  • 127 ft 1 12 in (38.748 m) (gundeck)
  • 107 ft 1 18 in (32.642 m) (keel)
Beam: 34 ft 1 34 in (10.408 m)
Depth of hold: 11 ft 10 in (3.61 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement:
  • British service:210 officers and men
  • French service:
  • 220 (war) & 150 (peace)
Armament:
  • Upperdeck: 26 × 12-pounder guns
  • QD: 4 × 6-pounder guns
  • Fc: 2 × 6-pounder guns

HMS Richmond was the name ship of the six-vessel, 32-gun Richmond-class fifth-rate frigates of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1757 and served throughout the American Revolutionary War until the French 74-gun Bourgogne and the frigate Aigrette captured her on 11 September 1781 in the Chesapeake. She then served as Richemont.

Fate[edit]

The French burned her at Sardinia on 19 May 1793 to prevent the Spanish from capturing her.[1]

Citations and references[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Winfield and Roberts (2015), Chap. 5.
References
  • Robert Gardiner, The First Frigates, Conway Maritime Press, London 1992. ISBN 0-85177-601-9.
  • David Lyon, The Sailing Navy List, Conway Maritime Press, London 1993. ISBN 0-85177-617-5.
  • Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 978-1844157006. 
  • Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts (2015) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 - 1861: Design Construction, Careers and Fates. (Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 9781848322042