HMS Romney (1694)
|Builder:||Johnson, Blackwall Yard|
|Fate:||Wrecked, 26 October 1707|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||50-gun fourth rate ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||683 bm|
|Length:||130 ft 0.5 in (39.6 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||34 ft 4 in (10.5 m)|
|Depth of hold:||13 ft 7 in (4.1 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
|Armament:||50 guns of various weights of shot|
Commanded by Captain William Coney, Romney was wrecked on the Scilly Isles on 26 October 1707 when a disastrous navigational error sent Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell's fleet through dangerous reefs while on their way from Gibraltar to Portsmouth. Four ships (Romney, Association, Firebrand and Eagle) were lost, with nearly 2,000 sailors. Romney hit Bishop Rock and went down with all but one of her crew. The sole survivor was George Lawrence, who had worked as a butcher before joining the crew of Romney as quartermaster. The Scilly naval disaster was one of the greatest maritime disasters in British history. It was largely as a result of this disaster that the Board of the Admiralty instituted a competition for a more precise method to determine longitude.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p164.
- James Herbert Cooke, The Shipwreck of Sir Cloudesley Shovell on the Scilly Islands in 1707, From Original and Contemporary Documents Hitherto Unpublished, Read at a Meeting of the Society of Antiquaries, London, Feb. 1, 1883
- Ships of the Old Navy, Romney.
- Sobel, Dava, Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time, Fourth Estate Ltd., London 1998, p. 6, ISBN 1-85702-571-7
- HMS Association (+1707) on www.wrecksite.eu
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