HMS Rotherham (H09)

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HMS Rotherham 1942 IWM FL 10240.jpg
Rotherham on completion, September 1942
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Rotherham
Namesake: Captain Edward Rotheram
Ordered: 2 April 1940
Builder: John Brown & Company, Clydebank
Laid down: 10 April 1941
Launched: 21 March 1942
Completed: 27 August 1942
Commissioned: August 1942
Decommissioned: 1945
Identification: pennant number H09
Honours and
awards:
  • Battle honours:
  • Sabang 1944
  • Burma
Fate: Sold to India, 1948
Badge: On a Field Blue, a stag trippant Gold between a wreath of oak also Gold
India
Name: INS Rajput
Namesake: Rajput
Acquired: 1948
Commissioned: 27 July 1949
Decommissioned: 1976
Identification: D141
Fate: Scrapped
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: R-class destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,705 long tons (1,732 t) light
  • 2,425 long tons (2,464 t) full load
Length: 358 ft 3 in (109.2 m) o/a
Beam: 35 ft 9 in (10.9 m)
Draught: 9 ft 6 in (2.9 m)
Propulsion:
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
Range: 4,675 nmi (8,658 km) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Complement: 237
Sensors and
processing systems:
Armament:

HMS Rotherham was an R-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy during the Second World War, named after Captain Edward Rotheram, who commanded HMS Royal Sovereign during at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Rotherham was completed in 1942 and equipped as a flotilla leader, having slightly reduced armament to allow for the increased complement and working space required. Decommissioned in 1945, the ship was sold to India in 1948, serving as INS Rajput (D141) until 1976, when she was scrapped.[2]

Royal Navy service[edit]

World War II[edit]

Rotherham was commissioned for service, after completing her sea trials, in August 1942. After a period of training at Scapa Flow, she was assigned to serve in the South Atlantic, operating as convoy escort between Freetown, Sierra Leone, and Cape Town and Durban, South Africa for the rest of the year.[2]

From February 1944 Rotherham was deployed in the Indian Ocean, and in April joined the Eastern Fleet to take part in series of offensive operations against the Japanese in Sumatra and Java, and the Indian nationalist Azad Hind in the Andaman Islands, acting as an escort to aircraft carriers and battleships. In October 1944 Rotherham sailed to Simon's Town to refit.[2]

In early 1945 Rotherham was deployed intercepting Japanese ships supplying stores and carrying personnel to garrisons in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, as well as providing support for military operations in Burma. In February, along with her sister ships Rapid, Rocket, and Roebuck, she carried out a bombardment of Great Coco Island, in which more than a thousand 4.7 inch shells were fired by the four ships. Further anti-shipping and shore bombardments followed, and in April she provided cover for Allied landings near Rangoon during "Operation Dracula". Escort duties continued until the Japanese surrender on 15 August.[2]

Post-war operations[edit]

Rotherham was then deployed in "Operation Zipper", the British reoccupation of Penang, and in early September, as part of "Operation Tiderace", escorted a fleet led by the cruiser Sussex to Singapore to take the surrender of the 77,000 Japanese there. Rotherham's commander personally accepted the surrender of 34,000 personnel of the Imperial Japanese Navy at the Singapore Naval Dockyard at Sembawang, and in commemoration the main entrance was renamed the "Rotherham Gate". The ship remained at Singapore until 27 September 1945, when she sailed to Trincomalee, leaving there on 2 October for Portsmouth, where she was decommissioned and put into the Reserve.[2]

Indian Navy service[edit]

Rotherham was sold to India in 1948, and formally transferred to the Indian Navy on 27 July 1949 as INS Rajput (D141).[3] She saw active service during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. India maintains the Rajput was responsible for sinking the Pakistan Navy submarine Ghazi, though Pakistan contests this, contending the submarine was sunk by the accidental detonation of one or more of the laid or about-to-be-laid mines the ship was carrying. Rajput remained an active fleet unit until 1976 when she was placed on the Disposal List and then scrapped.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lenton, H.T. British and Empire Warships of the Second World War. Greenhill Books. ISBN 1-85367-277-7. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Lt.Cdr. Geoffrey B. Mason RN (2003). "HMS Rotherham, destroyer". Service Histories of Royal Navy Warships in World War II. naval-history.net. Retrieved 14 April 2010. 
  3. ^ Critchley, Mike, "British Warships Since 1945: Part 3: Destroyers", Maritime Books: Liskeard, UK, 1982. ISBN 0-9506323-9-2, page 50

Bibliography[edit]