HMS Royal Charles (1673)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Royal Charles and HMS Queen.
For other ships with the same name, see HMS Royal George and HMS Royal Anne.
HMSRoyal Charles.png
History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: HMS Royal Charles
Ordered: 26 April 1671
Builder: Anthony Deane and Daniel Furzer, Portsmouth Dockyard
Launched: March 1673
Commissioned: February 1673
Renamed:
  • HMS Queen, 27 January 1693
  • HMS Royal George, 9 September 1715
  • HMS Royal Anne, 1756
Fate: Broken up, 1767
General characteristics as built[1]
Class and type: 100-gun first-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1443 (bm)
Length: 136 ft (41 m) (keel)
Beam: 44 ft 8 in (13.61 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 3 in (5.56 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 100 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1693 rebuild[2]
Class and type: 100-gun first-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1657 9294 (bm)
Length: 170 ft 6 in (51.97 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 47 ft 7 in (14.50 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft (5.5 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 100 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1715 rebuild[2]
Class and type: 100-gun first-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1800 8494 (bm)
Length: 171 ft 9 in (52.35 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 49 ft 3 in (15.01 m)
Depth of hold: 19 ft 6 in (5.94 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 100 guns of various weights of shot

HMS Royal Charles was a 100-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, designed and built by Sir Anthony Deane at Portsmouth Dockyard, where she was launched and completed by his successor as Master Shipwright, Daniel Furzer, in March 1673.[1] She was one of only three Royal Navy ships to be equipped with the Rupertinoe naval gun.[3]

She was rebuilt at Woolwich Dockyard between 1691 and 1693, and renamed HMS Queen on 27 January 1693. The Queen became the flagship of Sir George Rooke and was captained by James Wishart.[4] She was rebuilt for a second time at Woolwich, relaunching on 20 September 1715, and renamed once more, this time as HMS Royal George.[2]

The much-rebuilt Royal George was renamed HMS Royal Anne in 1756, and was broken up in 1767.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p161.
  2. ^ a b c d Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p165.
  3. ^ Spencer, p.351; Endsor, p.9.
  4. ^ J. D. Davies, ‘Wishart, Sir James (c.1659–1723)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 9 Dec 2012

References[edit]

  • Endsor, Richard (2009). Restoration Warship: The Design, Construction and Career of a Third Rate of Charles II's Navy. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781591147121. 
  • Lavery, Brian (2003). The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The Development of the Battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0851772528. 
  • Spencer, Charles (2007). Prince Rupert: The Last Cavalier. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 9780297846109. 
  • Winfield, Rif (2009). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603-1714: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 9781848320406.