HMS Ruby (1652)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Ruby.
Career (England) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Ruby
Ordered: May 1651
Builder: Peter Pett, Deptford Dockyard
Launched: 15 March 1652
Captured: 21 October 1707, by the French
Career (France) French Royal Navy Ensign
Name: Ruby
Acquired: 21 October 1707
Out of service: 1708
Fate: Broken up
General characteristics as built[1]
Tons burthen: 556.8 long tons (565.7 t)[2]
Length: 125 ft 6 in (38.3 m) (gundeck)
105 ft 6 in (32.2 m) (keel)[2]
Beam: 31 ft 6 in (9.6 m)
Depth of hold: 15 ft 9 in (4.8 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 226
Armament: 40 guns (1660); 48 guns (1677)
General characteristics after 1706 rebuild[3]
Class and type: 46-54-gun fourth rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 674 long tons (684.8 t)
Length: 128 ft 4 in (39.1 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 34 ft 8 in (10.6 m)
Depth of hold: 13 ft 7 in (4.1 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 46-54 guns of various weights of shot

HMS Ruby was a 40-gun frigate of the Commonwealth of England, built by Peter Pett at Deptford[1] and launched on 15 March 1652.[2]

She took part in numerous actions during all three of the Anglo-Dutch Wars of 1652-54, 1665–67 and 1672-74. She later served in the West Indies, and in 1683 was sent to the Leeward Islands to protect their British settlements against Carib and pirate raids.[4] in 1687 the notorious English pirate Joseph Bannister was brought aboard Ruby and hanged, while the ship was docked at Port Royal.

Ruby was rebuilt in 1687 at Sir Henry Johnson's shipyard at Blackwall. She served in the War of the Spanish Succession, and commanded by Captain George Walton, took part in the Action of August 1702 as part of a fleet under Admiral John Benbow. She was one of the only ships to support the Admiral in HMS Breda in that engagement, and so escaped censure after the unsatisfactory conclusion of the action.

HMS Ruby was rebuilt at Deptford in 1706 as a fourth rate ship of the line carrying between 46 and 54 guns,[3] but was captured by the Mars the following year during the Battle at The Lizard, 21-10-1707 (NS).

Brought back to Brest, she was renamed Ruby and recommissioned in the French Navy. She took part in a campaign to the Levant, and was decommissioned the next year to be broken up.[5]


  1. ^ a b Lavery, 1984, vol.1, p160.
  2. ^ a b c Colledge, Ships of the Royal Navy.
  3. ^ a b , Lavery, 1984, vol.1, p167.
  4. ^ Burns 1954, p. 334n
  5. ^ Les bâtiments ayant porté le nom de Rubis