HMS Samarang (1822)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Samarang.
History
Name: HMS Samarang
Ordered: 5 June 1819
Builder: Cochin
Laid down: March 1821
Launched: 1 January 1822
Completed: By 7 June 1824
Reclassified: Guard ship in May 1847
Fate: Sold in November 1883
General characteristics
Class and type: 28-gun Atholl-class sixth rate
Tons burthen: 499 9194 bm (as designed)
Length:
  • 113 ft 8 in (34.65 m) (gundeck)
  • 94 ft 8 34 in (28.873 m) (keel)
Beam: 31 ft 6 in (9.60 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 175
Armament:
  • Upper Deck: 20 × 32-pounder carronades
  • QD: 6 x 18-pounder carronades
  • Fc: 2 × 9-pounder guns

HMS Samarang was a 28-gun, teak, Atholl-class sixth rate of the Royal Navy. She was launched at Cochin in 1822 by the East India Company.

She served in various stations around the world until seeing action in the First Opium War, and was then employed, under Edward Belcher, in surveying the coast of Borneo from 1843-1846,[1] after which she became a guardship at Gibraltar before being sold for breaking in 1883.[2][3][4]

The first application of cathodic protection was to HMS Samarang in 1824. Sacrificial anodes made from iron attached to the copper sheath of the hull below the waterline dramatically reduced the corrosion rate of the copper. However, a side effect of the cathodic protection was to increase marine growth. Copper, when corroding, releases copper ions which have an anti-fouling effect. Since excess marine growth affected the performance of the ship, the Royal Navy decided that it was better to allow the copper to corrode and have the benefit of reduced marine growth, so cathodic protection was not used further.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Narrative of the Voyage of H.M.S. Samarang during 1843-1846 (1848)
  2. ^ "William Loney"
  3. ^ Naval database
  4. ^ National Maritime Museum