HMS St Albans (F83)

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PHOTEXOF HMS ST ALBANS MOD 45161945.jpg
In 2017, showing upgraded Mod 1 main gun
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS St Albans
Operator: Royal Navy
Ordered: February 1996
Builder: Yarrow Shipbuilders
Laid down: 18 April 1999
Launched: 6 May 2000
Commissioned: 6 June 2002
Refit: Major 2013–2015
Homeport: Portsmouth
Identification:
Nickname(s): "The Saint"[1]
Status: in active service
Badge: HMS St Albans.gif
General characteristics
Class and type: Type 23 Frigate
Displacement: 4,900 t (4,800 long tons; 5,400 short tons)[2]
Length: 133 m (436 ft 4 in)
Beam: 16.1 m (52 ft 10 in)
Draught: 7.3 m (23 ft 9 in)
Propulsion:
Speed: In excess of 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Range: 7,500 nautical miles (14,000 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)
Complement: 185 (accommodation for up to 205)
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
Aircraft carried:
Aviation facilities:
After refit, moored at South Quay in 2015
Before refit, with HMS Argyll in 2011
Aft view of St Albans' showing the helicopter hangar
Exercising with USS George H. W. Bush in 2011

HMS St Albans is a Type 23 frigate of the Royal Navy. She is the sixth ship to bear the name and is the sixteenth and final ship in the 'Duke' class of frigates. She is based in Portsmouth and since December 2016 her captain has been Commander Chris Ansell.

Operational history[edit]

2000–2010[edit]

The ship was launched on the River Clyde on Saturday 6 May 2000.[3] She was built at BAE Systems' Yarrows Yard in Scotstoun, Glasgow.

On 27 October 2002, before entering operational service, St Albans was struck by the P&O ferry Pride of Portsmouth when gale-force winds pushed the ferry into the ship whilst secure on her berth in Portsmouth. St Albans suffered damage to the gun deck, the sea boat supports (davits) and the bridge wing. However, no members of the crew were injured.[4] In 2004, Commander Steve Dainton RN took command and the ship was deployed on Operation Oracle duties in the Arabian Sea. In July that year the crew were granted the Freedom of the City by the Mayor of St Albans.

On 13 February 2006, St Albans departed on a six-month deployment to the Gulf region. She arrived in the region in early April, where her tasks included protecting Iraqi oil platforms as well as patrol duties in the northern Gulf.[5] During the trip, she provided a diplomatic role by visiting 16 countries, including Algeria, Albania, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey and Lebanon. By 12 July 2006 she had completed her tour in the Gulf and had begun her long journey back to Portsmouth via the Suez Canal and the eastern Mediterranean. However, on the same day, the conflict between Israel and Lebanon began. As a result, the Ministry of Defence announced on 17 July that year that St Albans had been redeployed to assist in Operation Highbrow, the evacuation of British citizens trapped in Lebanon.[6] She arrived in the area on 20 July and the following day picked up 243 evacuees from the dock in Beirut and safely transported them to Cyprus.[7] After completing her role in the evacuation, she remained on operational stand-by in the vicinity of Beirut for a short time before being resuming her voyage home. The ship finally arrived back in Portsmouth on 18 August 2006.[8]

Following the ship's successful 6-month tour, St Albans underwent maintenance. During this time, the ship received a new commanding officer, Commander Mark Newland RN. The ship stayed in British waters, participated in submarine training in the Irish Sea, weapon training off the south coast and visited Glasgow on 11 November 2006 to take part in Remembrance Sunday events.

From 5 January until 15 January 2007 the ship was open to the public as part of the London Boat Show. Following this, the ship conducted various training exercises and engineering trials in the UK. The ship's crew then went on Easter leave before returning to conduct more training activities. In May 2007, St Albans entered a period of maintenance that lasted over a year, with her crew temporarily reassigned to other vessels for the duration of the work. The maintenance programme took place in dry dock, situated in Rosyth, with a skeleton crew of engineers supervising the overhaul of several of the ship's systems. Their work included the installation of a new Type 2087 sonar system and converting the ship so that she could operate Merlin helicopters.[9] The upgrade took 15 months and cost £15 million. The ship then returned to her home port of Portsmouth and was accepted back into the fleet in July 2008. The ship was then put through various equipment tests and training routines throughout the later part of the year.

St Albans left Portsmouth on 19 January 2009 to conduct maritime security patrols in the Mediterranean. The ship joined a NATO Task Group in the Mediterranean, protecting busy shipping trade routes. St Albans was also a part of the rapid-response NATO Response Force (NRF). The ship also visited ports in Majorca, Italy and Egypt whilst in the region. She arrived on the Clyde on 7 May 2009 at 1500hrs, heading for Faslane.

St Albans was deployed in the Gulf until mid-2010. She left Portsmouth on 1000hrs on 1 February on a deployment including supporting international efforts in "tackling piracy, illegal trafficking, and smuggling."[10] Later in that deployment St Albans helped the Iraqi government "protect their oil platforms, and provide security to ensure regional stability".[11] After completing her tour in the Middle East, she visited Grand Harbour, Malta for four days in July 2010 on her way back to the United Kingdom.[12]

2011–present[edit]

The Worshipful Company of Marketors became affiliated to HMS St Albans in 2011. The warship helped in the recovery of a diver who had got into difficulties near Salcombe on 26 March 2011, although the diver was pronounced dead on arrival at hospital.[13] On 1 July 2011, St Albans rescued 13 sailors off the coast of Oman from the stricken tanker MV Pavit, which had spent three days drifting in a heavy storm after losing power. St Albans used her Merlin helicopter embarked from 829 Naval Air Squadron to winch the crew to safety. The rescued sailors were later transferred to their sister ship, the MV Jag Pushpa. After operating in the Middle East conducting counter-terrorism and anti-piracy operations, having relieved the frigate HMS Iron Duke,[14][15] She returned to Portsmouth, via Malta and Lisbon, in December 2011.[16]

In March 2012, HMS St Albans visited the Pool of London where she entertained a number of her affiliate organisations and other guests before returning to her home port of Portsmouth to conduct exercises in the Western Approaches. In May, she visited Iceland, where the captain Cdr Tom Sharpe and Britain’s Ambassador to Iceland Ian Whitting cast a wreath into Hvalfjörður, once a staging point for the Arctic Convoys to the Soviet Union. After a return to Portsmouth, she sailed up the Elbe to Hamburg to take part in the port's 823rd birthday celebrations. In June, St Albans visited the home of the German Navy in Kiel, joining in the huge maritime event attended by 50 countries, 2000 yachts and pleasure craft and more than 5,000 yachtsmen and women. Before joining in the celebrations, members of the ship’s company including Commanding Officer Commander Tom Sharpe OBE RN, two platoons and the ship’s guard headed to a remembrance service and wreath laying at the Commonwealth Cemetery at Nordfriedhof.[17]

Under her new commanding officer, Commander Andrew Block RN, HMS St Albans continued her home duties visiting the Channel Islands and Holyhead with an extended tour visiting Stavanger, Oslo and Amsterdam. During this deployment she was the last ship to fire the Royal Navy's 4.5" Mk.8 Mod 0 gun off Stavanger.[18] In May 2013 she was handed over to BAe Systems for a refit in Portsmouth Harbour, her home port, silently coached into C lock. She remained in dock until spring 2014 to be modernised for another 10 years. In December 2013, Commander Catherine Jordan RN took command of the ship.[19]

The refit was a mid-life upgrade, modernizing the ship for the following ten years - it cost £25million and was completed on time in spring 2014.[19] It fitted her with the all electric 'Kryten' 4.5" Mod1 gun and the mid-life upgrade to her Sea Wolf missile system together with a wide range of more detailed improvements. A new crew was then assembled and the ship undertook an extended period of trials developing her military capability and testing her systems integration. During the trials the ship visited Plymouth and Falmouth.

On 3 November 2014 the ship passed her Material Assessment and Safety Check and her Rededication Ceremony was on 1 August 2014[citation needed], after which she rejoined the fleet.[20] In December 2014 HMS St Albans visited London, mooring alongside HMS Belfast in the Pool of London, and then sailed across the North Sea and down the Nieuwe Maas to visit Rotterdam.

Still based in Portsmouth, she continued trials in the Western English Channel and then visited Trondheim in Norway and continued live firing trials. After completing her extensive Flag Officer Sea Training trails, based at Plymouth, she entered West India Dock, London on 7 July 2015 and then sailed back to Portsmouth. She arrived on 16 July 2015 and became the Guard ship for the Portsmouth America's Cup races later that month. St Albans sailed for a nine-month mission to the Middle East on 27 November 2015, carrying a Merlin HM2 and ScanEagle UAV.[21]

Whilst crossing the Mediterranean she was involved with the seizure of 320 kg of cocaine with a street value of more than £1 million. On 11 January 2016, Defence Secretary Michael Fallon announced that "HMS St Albans will shortly join the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier group" as part of operations against the Islamic State group.[22] She arrived back in Portsmouth on 5 August 2016.

In December 2016 Commander Chris Ansell became the ship's captain. In January 2017 she escorted the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov along the English Channel on the latter's return voyage from Syria to Kola Bay.[23]

During February 2017 she conducted the Submarine Command Course off the Norwegian Coast and was then awarded the Fleet Effectiveness Flag. She then went into dry dock 'C' in Portsmouth for most of July 2017 where the Marketors' prize was awarded to Lt Jenny Reid. In the 2017 Special Honours Petty Officer Engineering Technician (Marine Engineering) Bethany Burton was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) and Commander Richard Hutchings and CPO Peter Muir received the Queen's Commendation for Valuable Service. Whilst in dry dock, the band of the Royal Yeomanry played under the keel. She returned to service on 29 August 2017 and was operational north of Scotland where she was "man marking" the Russian carrier Admiral Kuznetsov. From 23 to 25 December, she escorted the Russian frigate Admiral Gorshkov which was conducting sea trials in the North Sea close to UK waters.[24][25]

Affiliations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HMS St Albans to Leave Portsmouth for Mission Next Week". 27 January 2010.
  2. ^ Royal Navy Frigates: Type 23 Frigate, royalnavy.mod.uk
  3. ^ "Frigate launch prompts industry fears". news.bbc.co.uk. 6 May 2000.
  4. ^ "Navy frigate damaged in ferry collision". BBC. 27 October 2002 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  5. ^ "Royal Navy - 'HMS St Albans: Gulf Deployment'". 15 February 2006. Archived from the original on 20 June 2006.
  6. ^ "Royal Navy - HMS St Albans in the Lebanon". 24 July 2006. Archived from the original on 28 July 2006.
  7. ^ "Ministry of Defence - Over 3,500 evacuated from Lebanon by British Forces". 21 July 2006.
  8. ^ "Royal Navy - 'Lebanon Evacuation Warship Returns to Portsmouth'". 18 August 2006.
  9. ^ "Royal Navy - 'Multi- Million Pound Upgrade for Royal Navy's HMS St Albans'". 16 July 2007.
  10. ^ HMS St Albans departs for Gulf, Ministry of Defence, 4 February 2010, archived from the original on 2012-10-18
  11. ^ http://www. name="mod.uk/DefenceInternet/DefenceNews/MilitaryOperations/HmsStAlbansDepartsForGulf.htm
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
  13. ^ "Diver dies after warship rescue". 27 March 2011 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  14. ^ "Navy News - Reporting from the Fleet". www.navynews.co.uk.
  15. ^ "HMS St Albans deploys to Indian Ocean and the Gulf - GOV.UK". www.mod.uk.
  16. ^ "HMS St Albans and HMS Edinburgh return to Portsmouth". 2 December 2011 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  17. ^ "HMS St Albans Visits Kiel, Germany". navaltoday.com.
  18. ^ "St Albans makes history as Navy's main gun bows out after 40 years service - Royal Navy". www.royalnavy.mod.uk.
  19. ^ a b http://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/The-Fleet/Ships/Frigates/HMS-StAlbans
  20. ^ [1]
  21. ^ http://teamlocals.co.uk/portsmouth-frigate-hms-st-albans-deployed-to-middle-east/
  22. ^ "RAF uses Brimstone missiles against IS". 21 November 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  23. ^ "UK warship escorts Russian carrier in English Channel". BBC. 25 January 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  24. ^ "Navy tracks Russia warship in North Sea". BBC News. 2017-12-26. Retrieved 2017-12-26.
  25. ^ Hugh, West (2017). 'HMS St Albans 2017 – a Guide'. web: Worshipful Company of Marketors. pp. 59–61.
  26. ^ The Haberdashers Livery Company Accessed on 23 February 2011
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011. Accessed 29 March 2015
  28. ^ "A Guide to HMS St Albans" – Worshipful Company of Marketors

External links[edit]