HMS Sunfish (81S)
|Laid down:||22 July 1935|
|Launched:||30 September 1936|
|Commissioned:||2 July 1937|
|Fate:||Lent to the Soviet Union as V 1, 1944|
|Acquired:||on loan from UK, 1944|
|Fate:||Sunk, 27 July 1944|
|Class and type:||S-class submarine|
|Length:||208 ft 9 in (63.63 m)|
|Beam:||24 ft (7.3 m)|
|Draught:||10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)|
She spent an eventful period with the Royal Navy on the outbreak of war, and was commanded for much of her career in the war by Lieutenant Commander J.E. Slaughter. In February 1940, she attacked the German U-boat U-14, but missed, and in April sank two German merchant ships, Amasis and Antares, and narrowly missed Hanau and an auxiliary patrol vessel.
Sunfish was transferred to the Soviet Navy in 1944 and renamed V-1.
She did not spend long under Soviet command, being bombed and sunk in error by a RAF Coastal Command Liberator off Norway, during passage from Dundee to Murmansk on 27 July 1944. Her commander – Capt. 2nd rank Fisanovich – had allegedly taken her out of her assigned area and she was diving when the aircraft came in sight instead of staying on the surface and firing recognition signals as instructed. All crew – including the British liaison staff – were lost. However, both the Royal Navy and RAF inquiries found that the RAF aircrew, who were at least 80 miles off course and who ignored unmistakable signs that the submarine was friendly, were fully responsible. The submarine's 50 Soviet and one British crew are all commemorated on Dundee International Submarine Memorial.
- Rohwer, p.1
- HMS Sunfish, Uboat.net
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.
- Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Revised & Expanded ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.