HMS Swordfish (61S)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Swordfish.
HMS Swordfish.jpg
HMS Swordfish
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Swordfish
Builder: Chatham Dockyard
Laid down: 1 December 1930
Launched: 10 November 1931
Commissioned: 28 November 1932
Fate: Sunk by mine 7 November 1940
Badge: SWORDFISH badge-1-.jpg
General characteristics
Class and type: S-class submarine
Displacement:
  • 640 tons surfaced
  • 935 tons submerged
Length: 202 ft 6 in (61.72 m)
Beam: 24 ft (7.3 m)
Draught: 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)
Propulsion: Twin diesel/electric
Speed:
  • 13.75 knots (25.47 km/h; 15.82 mph) surfaced
  • 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) submerged
Complement: 36 officers and men
Armament:
  • 6 × forward 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes
  • 12 torpedoes
  • one 3 in (76 mm) gun
  • one 20 mm cannon
  • one .303-calibre machine gun

HMS Swordfish (61S) was a group one British S-class submarine that was sunk on a combat patrol in the English Channel in November 1940 during the Second World War.

Design and description[edit]

The S-class submarines were designed as successors to the L class and were intended to operate in the North and Baltic Seas.[1] The submarines had a length of 202 feet 6 inches (61.7 m) overall, a beam of 24 feet (7.3 m) and a mean draft of 11 feet 11 inches (3.6 m). They displaced 730 long tons (740 t) on the surface and 927 long tons (942 t) submerged.[2] The S-class submarines had a crew of 38 officers and ratings. They had a diving depth of 300 feet (91.4 m).[3]

For surface running, the boats were powered by two 775-brake-horsepower (578 kW) diesel engines, each driving one propeller shaft. When submerged each propeller was driven by a 650-horsepower (485 kW) electric motor. They could reach 13.75 knots (25.47 km/h; 15.82 mph) on the surface and 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) underwater.[4] On the surface, the first-batch boats had a range of 3,700 nautical miles (6,900 km; 4,300 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) and 64 nmi (119 km; 74 mi) at 2 knots (3.7 km/h; 2.3 mph) submerged.[3]

The boats were armed with six 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes in the bow. They carried six reload torpedoes for a grand total of a dozen torpedoes. They were also armed with a 3-inch (76 mm) deck gun.[2]

Construction and career[edit]

Swordfish was laid down by Chatham Dockyard. The boat was launched on 10 November 1931.[2]

At the onset of the Second World War, Swordfish was a member of the 2nd Submarine Flotilla. From 23-26 August 1939 the 2nd Submarine Flotilla moved to their war bases at Dundee and Blyth.[5]

Nothing was heard from her following her departure from Portsmouth on 7 November 1940 with 40 crew on board to relieve HMS Usk which was on patrol off the Western Approaches near Brest, France. At the time it was thought that she had been sunk by a German destroyer.[6] However she was discovered by a local diver in 1983, split into two just forward of the gun by a mine.[7][8] The wreck lies in about 46 metres of water roughly 12 miles south of St. Catherine’s Point, Isle of Wight.[9] It is likely that she struck the mine shortly after sailing whilst carrying out a trim dive. The wreck site is designated as a protected place[10] under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Harrison, Chapter 16
  2. ^ a b c Chesneau, p. 49
  3. ^ a b McCartney, p. 4
  4. ^ Bagnasco, p. 110
  5. ^ Rohwer, p.1
  6. ^ Submarine losses 1904 to present day, RN Submarine Museum, Gosport
  7. ^ *Innes McCartney (2002). Lost Patrols: Submarine Wrecks of the English Channel. 
  8. ^ Disappearance of HMS Swordfish, Isle of Wight index
  9. ^ HMS Swordfish, Uboot.net
  10. ^ "Statutory Instrument 2008/0950". Office of Public Sector Information, 1 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-19. 

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 50°28′N 1°21′W / 50.467°N 1.350°W / 50.467; -1.350