HMS Tartar (1756)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: Tartar
Operator: Royal Navy
Ordered: 12 June 1755
Builder: John Randall's yard, Nelson Dock, Rotherhithe
Laid down: 4 July 1755
Launched: 3 April 1756
Completed: 2 May 1756 at Deptford Dockyard
Fate: Wrecked 1 April 1797
General characteristics
Class and type: Lowestoffe-class sixth-rate frigate
Tons burthen: 587 1994 (bm) (4 tons more than designed)
Length:
  • 117 ft 10 in (35.9 m) (gundeck)
  • 96 ft 11 in (29.5 m) (keel)
Beam: 33 ft 9 in (10.3 m)
Depth of hold: 10 ft 3 in (3.1 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 200 officers and men
Armament:
  • Upperdeck: 24 × 9-pounder guns
  • QD: 4 × 3-pounder guns
  • 12 × swivel guns

HMS Tartar was a 28-gun sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy.

Naval career[edit]

Tartar was designed by Sir Thomas Slade and based on the Lyme of 1748, "with such alterations as may tend to the better stowing of men and carrying for guns."

The ship was first commissioned in March 1756 under Captain John Lockhart, and earned a reputation as a fast sailer during service in the English Channel. She made many captures of French ships during the Seven Years' War, including 4 in 1756 and 7 the following year.[1]

Vessels captured or sunk by Tartar during the Seven Years' War
Date Ship Home port Type Fate Ref.
August 1756 Le Cerf Saint-Malo, France Privateer, 24 guns & 200 crew Captured, 23 killed [2][3]
By October 1656 Hero Saint-Malo, France Privateer, 14 guns & 162 crew Captured, 1 killed [2]
October 1656 Le Grand Gideon Granville, France Privateer, 22 guns & 215 crew Captured, 7 killed [2][3]
October 1756 Le Montrozier La Rochelle, France Privateer, 3 guns & 190 crew Captured, 58 killed [2][3]
March 1757 La Victoire Le Havre, France Privateer, 24 guns & 275 crew Captured, 30 killed [2][3]
April 1757 Le Duc d'Aguillon Saint-Malo, France Privateer, 26 guns & 303 crew Captured, 47 killed [2][3]
May 1757 La Penelope Morlaix, France Privateer, 18 guns & 190 crew Captured, 14 killed [2][3][a]
October 1757 La Comtesse de Gramont Not recorded Privateer, 18 guns Captured [3]
November 1757 La Melpomene Bayonne, France Privateer, 26 guns Captured [3]

During the peace that followed, the ship sailed to Barbados carrying a timekeeper built by John Harrison, as a part of a series of experiments used to determine longitude at sea.[4] She also served in the American Revolutionary War, capturing the Spanish Santa Margarita of 28 guns off Cape Finisterre on 11 November 1779.

She went on to see further service during the French Revolutionary War. On 14 December the French frigate Minerve captured off the island of Ivica the collier Hannibal, which was sailing from Liverpool to Naples. However, eleven days later, Tartar recaptured the Hannibal off Toulon and sent her into Corsica.[5]

Tartar was wrecked off Saint-Domingue on 1 April 1797.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ One contemporary newspaper report gives the name of this privateer as Phillip.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Royal Navy history http://www.royal-navy.org/lib/index.php?title=C1751_-_1760
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ireland". The Oxford Journal. Oxford, United Kingdom: W. Jackson. 6 August 1757. p. 2. Retrieved 10 January 2018 – via The British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Winfield 2007, p. 227
  4. ^ "Voyage to Barbados on HMS Tartar". Cambridge Digital Library. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Lloyd's Marine List,[1] – accessed 1 December 2013.

Bibliography[edit]