HMS Telemachus (P321)
|Ordered:||3 August 1941|
|Builder:||Vickers Armstrong, Barrow|
|Laid down:||25 August 1942|
|Launched:||19 June 1943|
|Commissioned:||25 October 1943|
|Motto:||Per me tutus (Latin: "Safe through me")|
|Fate:||Scrapped 1 August 1961|
|Class and type:||British T-class submarine|
|Length:||276 ft 6 in (84.28 m)|
|Beam:||25 ft 6 in (7.77 m)|
|Range:||4,500 nautical miles at 11 knots (8,330 km at 20 km/h) surfaced|
|Test depth:||300 ft (91 m) max|
The second HMS Telemachus was a British submarine of the third group of the T class. She was built as P321 by Vickers Armstrong, Barrow, and launched on 19 June 1943. She served in Far Eastern waters for most of her wartime career, and was responsible for the sinking of the Japanese submarine I-166. Following the war she was deployed to Australia to operate with the Royal Australian Navy until 1959. She was scrapped in 1961.
Design and description
Telemachus was part of group three of the British T-class submarines. She was completed by builders Vickers Armstrong at their yard in Barrow in 1943. She was named for Telemachus, a figure in Greek mythology; he was the son of Odysseus and Penelope, and an important character in Homer's Odyssey.
Second World War
Although briefly deployed in British waters, Telemachus served in the Far East for much of her wartime career under the command of Bill King, arriving there to serve with the Eastern Fleet at Colombo in July 1944. Later in the same month on 17 July whilst on her first patrol in Far Eastern waters, she sank the Japanese submarine I-166 off the One Fathom Bank in the Strait of Malacca. Telemachus sighted the Japanese submarine at 07:08 hours, and fired six torpedoes twelve minutes later at a range of 2,300 yards (2,100 m). An explosion was heard 94 seconds later from a single torpedo hit. I-166's commanding officer and a handful of other crew survived the sinking. In October 1944 Telemachus dropped intelligence operatives into Japanese held Johore as part of Operation Carpenter.
She survived the war and continued in service with the Navy. It was arranged for Telemachus to be one of three submarines to be based out of Sydney, Australia, to assist in the Royal Australian Navy's (RAN) anti-submarine training, owing to the decision to acquire the aircraft carrier HMAS Sydney. She left Britain in November 1949. In May 1954 she conducted operations with the Australian warships HMAS Anzac and HMAS Vengeance, the New Zealand cruiser HMNZS Black Prince, and sister submarine HMS Thorough.
Between June and August 1956 she operated in conjunction with the RAN to conduct a hydrographic survey off the Australian Antarctic Territory. The cruise lasted some 7,500 miles (12,100 km), and involved the boat taking around 130 gravity measurements at depths of 50–200 feet (15–61 m). Whilst conducting these surveys, she went missing for two and a half hours on 3 June, resulting in an air and sea search being conducted until she resumed contact. After failing to report in as expected at 07:15, the naval authorities in Sydney issued the signal "subsunk" an hour later. Ship's crews were ordered to return to their vessels, and the Thorough was the first to get underway to search for Telemachus. She again failed to report in as required at 09:45, but a Douglas C-47 Skytrain spotted the submarine before any other ships began to search for her, and the "subsunk" order was cancelled.
- William King, commanding officer of HMS Telemachus from 21 July 1943 to August 1945.
- Akermann, Paul (2002). Encyclopaedia of British Submarines 1901-1955. Penzance, Cornwall: Periscope Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84603-007-9.
- O'Connell, John F. (2010). Submarine Operational Effectiveness in the 20th Century. New York: IUniverse. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-4502-3689-8.
- Boyd, Carl; Yoshida, Akihiko (1995). The Japanese submarine force and World War II. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-55750-080-9.
- Miller, Vernon J. (1986). Analysis of Japanese Submarine Losses to Allied Submarines in World War II. Bennington, VT: Weapons and Warfare Press. p. 39. OCLC 15059262.
- "R.N. Submarines to be Based at Sydney". The Times (51497) (UK). 27 September 1949. p. 4.
- "British Submarines for Australia". The Times (51498) (UK). 28 September 1949. p. 3.
- "HMAS Anzac (II)". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- Headland, Robert (1989). Chronological List of Antarctic Expeditions and Related Events. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 363. ISBN 978-0-521-30903-5.
- "30,000 Feet Under the Sea: Gravity Survey by Submarine". The Times (53628) (UK). 5 September 1956. p. 7.
- "Submarine Missing for Two and a Half Hours". The Times (53548) (UK). 4 June 1956. p. 8.
- "News in Brief". The Times (54640) (UK). 10 December 1959. p. 8.
- "HMS Telemachus (P 321)". uboat.net. Retrieved 25 January 2012.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Hutchinson, Robert (2001). Jane's Submarines: War Beneath the Waves from 1776 to the Present Day. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-710558-8. OCLC 53783010.