HMS Thracian (1920)

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HMS Thracian- IJN Patrol Boat No. 101.jpg
HMS Thracian in 1941
History
 United Kingdom
Name: HMS Thracian (D86)
Ordered: 1915
Builder:
Laid down: 17 January 1918
Launched: 5 March 1920
Commissioned: 1 April 1922
Fate: Grounded on 25 December 1941 at Aberdeen, Hong Kong
General characteristics HMS Thracian
Class and type: S-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,075 long tons (1,092 t)
Length: 276 ft (84 m) o/a
Beam: 26 ft 8 in (8.13 m)
Draught: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 2 Shafts; 2 steam turbines
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
Range: 2,750 nmi (5,090 km; 3,160 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement: 90
Armament:
 Japan
Name:
  • Patrol Boat No. 101
  • (第101号哨戒艇, Dai-101-Gō Shōkaitei)
Builder: Navy 2nd Construction Department at Hong Kong
Acquired: 1942
Commissioned: 1 October 1942
Decommissioned: 1945
In service: 1942-1945
Renamed:
  • 15 March 1944
  • Special Training Ship No. 1
  • (特第1号練習艇, Toku Dai-1-Gō Renshūtei)
Reclassified: Training ship, 15 March 1944
Reinstated: Returned to Royal Navy in October 1945
Fate: Scrapped, February 1946
General characteristics Patrol Boat No.101
Class and type: Patrol boat/Training ship
Displacement: 1,150 long tons (1,168 t) standard
Length: 80.79 m (265 ft 1 in) Lpp
Beam: 8.17 m (26 ft 10 in)
Draft: 3.01 m (9 ft 11 in)
Propulsion:
Speed: 25 knots (29 mph; 46 km/h)
Complement:
  • December 1943
  • 119
  • March 1944
  • 113
Sensors and
processing systems:
Mk. 23 gunfire control radar (1944)
Armament:

HMS Thracian was an S-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy during the First World War.

Description[edit]

The S-class destroyers were improved versions of the preceding Modified R class. They displaced 1,075 long tons (1,092 t).[1] The ships had an overall length of 276 feet (84.1 m), a beam of 26 feet 8 inches (8.1 m) and a draught of 9 feet (2.7 m). They were powered by two Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by two Yarrow boilers. The turbines developed a total of 27,000 shaft horsepower (20,000 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph). The ships carried a maximum of 301 long tons (306 t) of fuel oil that gave them a range of 2,750 nautical miles (5,090 km; 3,160 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph). The ships' complement was 90 officers and ratings.[2]

Thracian was armed with three QF 4-inch (102 mm) Mark IV guns in single mounts and a single 2-pounder (40 mm) "pom-pom" anti-aircraft gun. The ship was fitted with two twin mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes.[1] Two additional single mounts were positioned abreast the bridge at the break of the forecastle for 18-inch (45 cm) torpedoes. All torpedo tubes were above water and traversed to fire.[3]

Construction and career[edit]

HMS Thracian was laid down on 17 January 1918 at Hawthorn Leslie and Company, launched on 5 March 1920 and completed at Sheerness Dockyard on 1 April 1922. The ship was run aground and scuttled at Hong Kong on 25 December 1941, later captured by the Imperial Japanese Army.

Imperial Japanese Navy service (1942 – 1945)[edit]

IJN Patrol Boat No. 101 in 1942
IJN Special Training Ship No. 1 in 1945
  • 1 October 1942: Registered to naval ship list in the Imperial Japanese Navy, and classification to the Special service ship (Patrol boat). Renamed

Patrol Boat No. 101.

  • 25 November 1942: Repairs were completed by the Navy 2nd Construction Department, and assigned to the Yokosuka Naval District.
  • (after): She spent her time on convoy escort operations in the Yokosuka Area.
  • 15 August 1943: Assigned to the Torpedo warfare school (Yokosuka).
  • 15 March 1944: Classification to the miscellaneous ship (Training ship), and renamed Special Training Ship No. 1. She was used for a test bed for new weapons.
  • 15 August 1945: Survived war at Yokosuka.
  • October 1945: Returned to Royal Navy.
  • February 1946: Scrapped at Hong Kong.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gardiner & Gray, pp. 84–85
  2. ^ Lenton, p. 137
  3. ^ Friedman, p. 169

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dittmar, F.J. & Colledge, J.J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allen. ISBN 0-7110-0380-7. 
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9. 
  • Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. 
  • Lenton, H. T. (1998). British & Empire Warships of the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-048-7. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Rekishi Gunzō, History of Pacific War Vol.45, Truth histories of the Imperial Japanese Naval Vessels, Gakken (Japanese publisher), May 2004, ISBN 4-05-603412-5.
  • Ships of the World, special issue Vol.45, Escort Vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy, "Kaijinsha". , (Japan), 1996.
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.49, "Japanese submarine chasers and patrol boats", "Ushio Shobō".  (Japan), 1981.