HMS Tigris (N63)
HMS Tigris in Plymouth Sound in July 1942
|Laid down:||11 May 1938|
|Launched:||31 October 1939|
|Commissioned:||20 June 1940|
|Identification:||Pennant number N63|
|Fate:||Sunk by Axis forces, 27 February 1943|
|Class and type:||T-class submarine|
|Length:||275 ft (84 m)|
|Beam:||26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)|
|Draught:||16.3 ft (5.0 m)|
|Range:||4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km) at 11 knots (20 km/h) surfaced|
|Test depth:||300 ft (91 m) max|
Tigris was active in the Bay of Biscay from July 1940, under the command of Commander Howard Bone. She sank the French fishing vessels Sancte Michael, Cimcour, Charles Edmond and Rene Camaleyre, the French merchantmen Jacobsen and Guilvinec, and the German tanker Thorn. She unsuccessfully attacked a number of submarines, including the German submarine U-58 On 5 October 1940, Tigris made an unsuccessful attack on two Italian submarines off Bordeaux, Reginaldo Giuliani and Maggiore Barracca.
She was assigned to operate in the North Sea near the Scandinavian coast in mid-1941. Off the coast of Finnmark, she sank the Norwegian passenger/cargo ships Haakon Jarl and Richard With, In the case of Richard With, the ship sank in less than a minute, killing two of the three German soldiers on board and claiming the lives of 101 Norwegian civilians.
Post-war, the Norwegian public was told the attacks had been carried out by Soviet submarines. She also attacked and badly damaged the German auxiliary submarine chaser Uj-1201 off the Rolvsøy Fjord. The bow of the ship sank but the stern was towed to port and the ship was rebuilt, entering service again in April 1944. In addition, Tigris unsuccessfully attacked the German merchant ship Bessheim and a merchantman of 3,000 tons; she also attacked a convoy, but missed her targets; the Norwegian merchant ships Mimona, Tugela and Havbris.
Tigris was reassigned to the Mediterranean, and was active there from late 1942. On the 6 December, she torpedoed and sank the Italian submarine Porfido, for which her commander, George Colvin, was later awarded the Distinguished Service Order. On 21 January 1943, she sank the Italian merchant ship Citta di Genova in the Strait of Otranto. This ship was carrying Greek officers, who were being taken to Italy as hostages; many of them perished.
Tigris left Malta on 18 February 1943 to patrol off Naples. She was last sighted at 0730 on 24 February, 39 miles (63 km) from Capri. On the morning of 27 February, the German submarine chaser Uj-2210 , escorting a convoy six miles southeast of Capri, made contact with a submarine and carried out three depth charge attacks, the third attack brought oil to the surface and the contact was noted to be stationary. A fourth attack of fifteen depth charges brought a huge bubble of air up. On 6 March, Tigris was ordered to Algiers but there was no reply to this signal. She failed to return to Algiers on 10 March 1943 and was declared overdue on that date. Tigris was most likely the submarine sunk on 27 February by Uj-2210 commanded by Otto Pollmann.
The submarine had been adopted by the town of Newbury during the Second World War as part of Warship Week. The plaque from this adoption is held by the National Museum of the Royal Navy in Portsmouth.
Each year there is an annual Remembrance Service for the submarine and the crew lost at St Nicolas Church, Newbury, Berkshire, on the Sunday nearest 27 February. In 2016, the Remembrance Service was held on 24 July at 11.45 a.m. to allow descendants of her last commander, George Colvin, to attend. In 2017, it will be on 26 February. In 2018, the 75th and final commemoration is scheduled for 8 July
- "HMS Tigris". uboat.net. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- Rohwer & Hümmelchen 1992, p. 29.
- Kemp 1990, p. 79.
- Rohwer & Hümmelchen 1992, p. 70.
- Lawson, Siri Holm. "D/S Haakon Jarl". Warsailors.com. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- Lawson, Siri Holm. "D/S Richard With". Warsailors.com. Retrieved 5 July 2009.
- "Forliset". Richard With, Direktøren og Dampskipet (in Norwegian). Riksarkivet. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
- "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945 - CLAR to COLV". www.unithistories.com. Retrieved 22 January 2011.
- Evangelos J. Macris (1896-1943), Cangelaris.com
- "Submarine losses 1904 to present day". RN Submarine Museum, Gosport.
- Warship Weeks: Adopting Naval Vessels in World War Two | Royal Naval Museum at Portsmouth Historic Dockyard Archived 7 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Hutchinson, Robert (2001). Jane's Submarines: War Beneath the Waves from 1776 to the Present Day. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-00-710558-8. OCLC 53783010.
- Kemp, Paul J. (1990). The T-Class Submarine: The Claasic British Design. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 9781557508263.
- Rohwer, Jürgen; Hümmelchen, Gerhard (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. London: Greenhill Books. ISBN 1-85367-117-7.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HMS Tigris.|