HMS Trinidad (46)
Trinidad in 1942
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Builder:||HM Dockyard Devonport|
|Laid down:||21 April 1938|
|Launched:||21 March 1941|
|Commissioned:||14 October 1941|
|Fate:||Damaged in air attack and scuttled 15 May 1942|
|Class and type:||Crown Colony-class light cruiser|
|Length:||169.3 m (555 ft)|
|Beam:||18.9 m (62 ft)|
|Draught:||5 m (16 ft)|
|Propulsion:||Four oil fired 3-drum Admiralty-type boilers, 4-shaft geared turbines, 4 screws, 54.1 megawatts (72,500 shp)|
|Speed:||33 kn (61 km/h)|
|Armament:||Twelve 6 inch guns (4 × 3),
eight 4 inch guns (4 × 2),
eight 40 mm Bofors AA (4 × 2) guns,
3 quadruple 2 pounder ("pom-pom") AA mounts, 12 20 mm AA (6 × 2) guns.
Six 21 inch (2 × 3) torpedo tubes
|Armour:||Main belt: 83 mm,
deck: 51 mm,
turrets: 51 mm,
Director control tower: 102 mm.
|Aircraft carried:||Two Supermarine Walrus aircraft|
Trinidad was built by HM Dockyard Devonport. She was laid down on 21 April 1938, launched 21 March 1941 and commissioned on 14 October 1941. The ship served with the British Home Fleet during her brief career.
While escorting Convoy PQ-13 in March 1942, she and other escorts were in combat with German Narvik-class destroyers. She hit and sank the German destroyer Z26 and then launched a torpedo attack. One of her torpedoes had a faulty gyro mechanism possibly affected by the icy waters. The path of the torpedo formed a circular arc, striking Trinidad and killing 32 men. One of the survivors was composer George Lloyd, a Royal Marines bandsman who had earlier written the ship's official march. This was performed at the Last Night of the Proms on 7 September 2013, in the presence of the last surviving crewman from Trinidad.
Trinidad was towed clear of the action, and was then able to proceed under her own power towards Murmansk. The German submarine U-378 attempted to engage and sink the damaged cruiser, but was spotted and attacked by the destroyer Fury. On arrival in Murmansk she underwent partial repairs.
She set out to return home on 13 May 1942, escorted by the destroyers Foresight, Forester, Somali and Matchless. Other ships of the Home Fleet were providing a covering force nearby. Her speed was reduced to 20 knots (37 km/h) owing to the damage she had sustained. En route, she was attacked by more than twenty Ju-88 bombers on 15 May 1942. All attacks missed, except for one bomb that struck near the previous damage, starting a serious fire. Sixty-three men were lost, including twenty survivors from the cruiser Edinburgh, which had been sunk two weeks earlier. The decision was taken to scuttle her and she was torpedoed by Matchless and sank in the Arctic Ocean, north of North Cape.
- "Proms night for HMS Trinidad Arctic Convoy veteran". BBC News. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "U-378". uboat.net. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "Russian Convoys 1941-45". naval-history.net. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "HMS Trinidad - Colony type light cruiser". naval-history.net. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- "HMS Trinidad (46)". uboat.net. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Raven, Alan; Roberts, John (1980). British Cruisers of World War Two. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-922-7.
- Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.
- Whitley, M. J. (1995). Cruisers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Cassell. ISBN 1-86019-874-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HMS Trinidad (46).|
- Frank Pearce – The Ship That Torpedoed Herself: HMS "Trinidad" (1975) ISBN 0-904593-02-9
- M.J. Whitley – Cruisers of World War II, An International Encyclopedia. (1995)