HMS Tyrian (R67)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Tyrian.
HMS Tyrian underway, c1943 (IWM FL 9359)
HMS Tyrian underway, c1943 (IWM)
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Tyrian
Ordered: March 1941
Builder: Swan Hunter and Wigham Richardson, Wallsend
Laid down: 15 October 1941
Launched: 27 July 1942
Commissioned: 8 April 1943
Identification: Pennant number: R67 (later F67)
Motto: 'Tireless Ever'
Honours and
awards:
Fate: Arrived for scrapping on 9 March 1965
Badge: On a Field Red, an owl Silver, with crook and flail Gold.
General characteristics
Class and type: S-class destroyer
Displacement:
Length: 362 ft 9 in (110.6 m) (o/a)
Beam: 35 ft 9 in (10.9 m)
Draught: 14 ft 6 in (4.4 m) (deep)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 2 × shafts; 2 × Parsons geared steam turbines
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
Range: 4,675 nmi (8,658 km; 5,380 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar Type 290 air warning
  • Radar Type 285 ranging & bearing
Armament:
General characteristics (where different)
Class and type: Type 16 frigate
Displacement:
  • 1,800 long tons (1,800 t) standard
  • 2,300 long tons (2,300 t) full load
Length: 362 ft 9 in (110.6 m) o/a
Beam: 37 ft 9 in (11.5 m)
Draught: 14 ft 6 in (4.4 m)
Complement: 175
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Type 293Q target indication Radar
  • Type 974 navigation Radar
  • Type 1010 Cossor Mark 10 IFF
  • Type 146B search Sonar
  • Type 147 depth finder Sonar
  • Type 162 target classification Sonar
  • Type 174 attack Sonar
Armament:
  • 1 × twin 4 in gun Mark 19
  • 1 × twin 40 mm Bofors gun Mk.5
  • 5 × single 40 mm Bofors gun Mk.9
  • 2 × Squid A/S mortar
  • 1 × quad 21 in (533 mm) tubes for Mk.9 torpedoes

HMS Tyrian was a S-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy during the Second World War.

Description[edit]

Tyrian displaced 1,710 long tons (1,740 t) at standard load and 2,530 long tons (2,570 t) at deep load. She had an overall length of 362 feet 9 inches (110.6 m), a beam of 35 feet 8 inches (10.9 m) and a deep draught of 14 feet 6 inches (4.4 m). She was powered by two Parsons geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by two Admiralty three-drum boilers. The turbines developed a total of 40,000 shaft horsepower (30,000 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph). Tyrian carried a maximum of 615 long tons (625 t) of fuel oil that gave her a range of 4,675 nautical miles (8,658 km; 5,380 mi) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph). Her complement was 170 officers and ratings.[1]

The ship was armed with four 45-calibre 4.7-inch (120 mm) Mark XII guns in dual-purpose mounts. For anti-aircraft (AA) defence, Tyrian had one twin mount for Bofors 40 mm guns and four twin 20-millimetre (0.8 in) Oerlikon autocannon. She was fitted with two above-water quadruple mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes. Two depth charge rails and four throwers were fitted for which 70 depth charges were provided.[2]

Construction and career[edit]

Between 1946 and 1951 Tyrian was held in reserve at Harwich. Between 1951 and 1952 she was converted to a Type 16 fast anti-submarine frigate, by Harland & Wolff at Liverpool.[3] She was also allocated the new pennant number F67. From August 1952 until 1956 she was part of the 2nd Training Squadron at Portland. In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.[4]

In November 1956 Tyrian was placed in reserve at Chatham. Between 1957 and 1965 she was part of the Lisahally reserve. She was subsequently sold for scrap and arrived at Troon for breaking up on 9 March 1965.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lenton, p. 174
  2. ^ English, pp. 62–63
  3. ^ Critchley, Mike (1982). British Warships Since 1945: Part 3: Destroyers. Liskeard, UK: Maritime Books. p. 58. ISBN 0-9506323-9-2. 
  4. ^ Souvenir Programme, Coronation Review of the Fleet, Spithead, 15th June 1953, HMSO, Gale and Polden

Bibliography[edit]