HMS Unique (1804)

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History
French Navy EnsignFrance
Name: Harmonie
Captured: January 1804
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Unique
Acquired: January 1804
Captured: January 1806
General characteristics
Type: schooner
Tonnage: 120 (bm)
Length:
  • 74 ft 0 in (22.6 m) (overall)
  • c.53 ft (16 m) (keel)
Beam: 20 ft 8 in (6.3 m)
Depth of hold: 7 ft 4 in (2.2 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Schooner
Armament: 10 or 12 guns

HMS Unique was the French 12-gun schooner Harmonie that Cyane captured from the French in 1804. A French privateer recaptured and sank Unique in 1806.

Capture[edit]

On 27 January Cyane captured Harmonie at 15°23′N 60°30′W / 15.383°N 60.500°W / 15.383; -60.500. Captain Joseph Nourse of Cyane reported that Harmonie was armed with 12 guns and had a crew of 82 men. She was 34 days out of Guadeloupe and had taken one prize, the Scottish ship Mercury, which was carrying a cargo of lumber and provisions to Demerara via New York.[1] However, Hippomenes had recaptured Mercury on 26 January.[1]

British service[edit]

The Royal Navy took Harmonie into service as HMS Unique. Lieutenant James Baird commissioned her at Barbados for the Leeward Islands.[2] Lieutenant George Rowley Brand replaced Baird within the year.

Unique formed part of Commodore Samuel Hood's squadron at the capture of Surinam River in 1804. The squadron consisted of Hood's flagship Centaur, Pandour, Serapis, Alligator, Hippomenes, Drake, and transports carrying 2000 troops under Brigadier-General Sir Charles Green.[3] Lieutenant Brand went on shore, as did a number of other naval personnel, to participate in the attack. British and Dutch casualties were light, but Brand was severely wounded in the attack on the Dutch shore battery at Fredericki.[3][4][Note 1]

Loss[edit]

On 23 January 1806 Unique encountered a large French privateer. An engagement followed during which Brand was killed. Unique foundered shortly after she surrendered.[7] One mention of the action reports that the French vessel had twice the armament of Unique, and that the British schooner sank with her colours still flying.[8] Brand was reportedly killed while leading an attempt to board the French vessel. All the other British officers also died in the action.[9]

The French buried Brand at Guadeloupe with military honours in "admiration of such bravery".[9] Lloyd's Patriotic Fund awarded Mr. Alexander Brand, George Brand's father, with a grant of 300 guineas in recognition of the lieutenant's service.[8] In his career in the Royal Navy Brand had sustained more than 30 wounds.[9]

Notes, citations, and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ In February 1808, the members of the British force shared in a grant of £32,000, representing part of the proceeds from the capture of Surinam.[5] A second grant of £16,000 followed in November.[6]

Citations

  1. ^ a b "No. 15735". The London Gazette. 8 September 1804. p. 1121. 
  2. ^ Winfield (2008), p.264.
  3. ^ a b "No. 15712". The London Gazette. 19 June 1804. pp. 761–762. 
  4. ^ James (1837), Vol. 3, pp.288-90.
  5. ^ "No. 16121". The London Gazette. 20 February 1808. pp. 273–274. 
  6. ^ "No. 16199". The London Gazette. 8 November 1808. p. 1524. 
  7. ^ Hepper (1994), p.113.
  8. ^ a b O'Byrne (1849), Vol. 1, fn. p.117.
  9. ^ a b c The United service journal and naval and military magazine, (1830), p.903.

References

  • Hepper, David J. (1994). British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot. ISBN 0-948864-30-3. 
  • James, William (1837). The Naval History of Great Britain, from the Declaration of War by France in 1793, to the Accession of George IV. R. Bentley. 
  • O’Byrne, William R. (1849) A naval biographical dictionary: comprising the life and services of every living officer in Her Majesty's navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive. (London: J. Murray), vol. 1.
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1861762461.