HMS Vansittart (D64)

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HMS Vansittart.jpg
HMS Vansittart
History
United Kingdom
NameHMS Vansittart
OrderedJanuary 1918
BuilderWilliam Beardmore and Company, Dalmuir
Laid down1 January 1918
Launched17 April 1919
Commissioned5 November 1919
IdentificationPennant numbers D64 and I64
MottoGrata quies si merita: 'Rest is pleasant if deserved'
Honours and
awards
  • Atlantic 1939-45
  • Norway 1940
  • Malta Convoys 1942
  • North Africa 1942
FateSold for scrap on 25 February 1946
BadgeOn a Field Gold, a Demi-eagle Black.
General characteristics
Class and typeAdmiralty modified W-class destroyer
Displacement1,140 tons standard, 1,550 tons full
Length300 ft o/a, 312 ft p/p
Beam30 ft
Draught10 ft 11 in
Propulsion3 Yarrow type Water-tube boilers, Brown-Curtis steam turbines, 2 shafts, 27,000 shp
Speed
  • 34 kn
  • Reduced to 25  kn 1943
Range
  • 320-370 tons oil
  • 3,500 nmi at 15 kn
  • 900 nmi at 32 kn
Complement134
Sensors and
processing systems
Type 271 surface warning Radar fitted 1942
Armament
Service record
Operations: Second World War
Victories: U-102

HMS Vansittart was an Admiralty modified W-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy. She was ordered in January 1918 from William Beardmore & Company with the 13th Order for Destroyers of the Emergency War Program of 1918–19. She was the second Royal Navy ship to carry the name which was first used in 1821 for a hired packet.[1]

Construction[edit]

HMS Vansittart's keel was laid on 7 January 1918 at the William Beardmore & Company Shipyard at Dalmuir. She was launched on 17 April 1919. She was 312 feet overall in length with a beam of 29.5 feet. Her mean draught was 9 feet, and would reach 11.25 feet under full load. She had a displacement of 1,140 tons standard and up to 1,550 full load.[2]

She was propelled by three Yarrow water tube boilers powering Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines developing 27,000 SHP driving two screws for a maximum designed speed of 34 knots. She was oil-fired and had a bunkerage of 320 to 370 tons. This gave a range of between 3500 nautical miles at 15 knots and 900 nautical miles at 32 knots.[2]

She shipped four BL 4.7 in (120-mm) Mk.I guns, mount P Mk.I naval guns in four single centre-line turrets. The turrets were disposed as two forward and two aft in super imposed firing positions. She also carried two QF 2 pdr Mk.II "pom-pom" (40 mm L/39) mounted abeam between funnels. Abaft of the second funnel, she carried six 21-inch torpedo tubes in two triple mounts on the centre-line.[2]

Inter-War period[edit]

HMS Vansittart was commissioned on 5 November 1919 into the Royal Navy and assigned the pennant number D64. After her acceptance trials she was assigned to the 4th Destroyer Flotilla in the Atlantic Fleet. In 1925 the 4th Flotilla was transferred to the Mediterranean. In early 1930s she underwent a refit and was placed in reserve as more modern destroyers came into service. This ship was laid-up in Maintenance Reserve at Rosyth with a special complement. She was reactivated manned by Reservists for a Royal Review at Weymouth in August 1939. As war loomed she was brought to war readiness.[1]

Second World War[edit]

HMS Vansittart was allocated to the 15th Destroyer Flotilla in the Western Approaches Command and deployed in the English Channel for convoy defence. Her first deployment was to escort troops of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) from the Solent to Brest.

In October she was transferred to the 17th Destroyer Flotilla based at Plymouth for convoy defence in the South-West Approaches. She remained in this deployment through April when she was sent to Scapa Flow in response to the German invasion of Norway.

"Venus", the bulldog mascot of HMS Vansittart.

She was deployed in protecting military convoys until she was damaged at Narvik during an air attack on 10 May, during the Battles of Narvik. On 20 May she deployed on Operation Ordnance – the evacuation of Dutch ports including Rotterdam and the Hook of Holland. At the end of May her pennant number was changed to I64 for visual signalling purposes.

In June she was again deployed to the South-West approaches. On 1 July she responded to a distress signal from the torpedoed merchant ship SS Clearton. An hour after arriving on the scene she established a strong ASDIC return and made two runs dropping eleven depth charges set for 350 to 500 feet. After this attack she was unable to re-establish contact, and observed a large oil slick. She recovered the survivors of SS Clearton and remained on patrol until the next day, before returning to port.[3] Post war analysis credited her with the sinking of U-102 on 1 July.

During her career she underwent one reconstruction, to serve as a long range escort. Such maintenance was completed in June 1943.

Disposition[edit]

On 25 February 1946, HMS Vansittart was sold to be broken up for scrap.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Service Histories of Royal Navy Warships in World War 2".
  2. ^ a b c "Jane's Fighting Ships © for 1919". Archived from the original on 16 February 2012.
  3. ^ Blair, Clay (1996). Hitler's U-Boat War The Hunters 1939–1942. New York: Random House Inc. p. 171. ISBN 0-394-58839-8.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4.
  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7.
  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.
  • Cocker, Maurice. Destroyers of the Royal Navy, 1893–1981. Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-1075-7.
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-081-8.
  • Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal, eds. (1985). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships: 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
  • Lenton, H. T. (1998). British & Empire Warships of the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-048-7.
  • March, Edgar J. (1966). British Destroyers: A History of Development, 1892–1953; Drawn by Admiralty Permission From Official Records & Returns, Ships' Covers & Building Plans. London: Seeley Service. OCLC 164893555.
  • Preston, Antony (1971). 'V & W' Class Destroyers 1917–1945. London: Macdonald. OCLC 464542895.
  • Raven, Alan & Roberts, John (1979). 'V' and 'W' Class Destroyers. Man o'War. 2. London: Arms & Armour. ISBN 0-85368-233-X.
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.
  • Whinney, Bob (2000). The U-boat Peril: A Fight for Survival. Cassell. ISBN 0-304-35132-6.
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1.
  • Winser, John de D. (1999). B.E.F. Ships Before, At and After Dunkirk. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-91-6.

External links[edit]