HMS Victorious (1785)
|Ordered:||28 December 1781|
|Builder:||Perry, Blackwall Yard|
|Laid down:||November 1782|
|Launched:||27 April 1785|
|Fate:||Broken up, 1803|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Culloden-class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1682 59⁄94 (bm)|
|Length:||170 ft 6 in (51.97 m) (gundeck); 139 ft 10 in (42.62 m) (keel)|
|Beam:||47 ft 6 3⁄4 in (14.497 m)|
|Depth of hold:||19 ft 11 1⁄2 in (6.083 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
During the month of February 1796, Victorious encountered and captured the French privateer brig Hasard, formerly the British pilot ship Cartier, which was returning to Île de France (Mauritius) with a 10-man crew after having captured the East Indiaman Triton. 
She took part in the Action of 8 September 1796.
Victorious participated in the capture of the Dutch colony of Cape Town, in which an invasion had been caused due to fears of France's expansion across the world. Britain seized the strategic Cape Town and thus secured the nation its routes to the East. The rest of her career was spent in the warm climates of the East Indies, patrolling the vast waters in that region.
On her homeward passage from the East Indies in 1803, Victorious proved exceedingly leaky. When she met with heavy weather in the North Atlantic, her crew had difficulty keeping her afloat till she reached the Tagus, where she was run ashore and broken up. Malcolm, with the officers and crew, returned to England in two vessels that he chartered at Lisbon. She was condemned and then broken up in August at Lisbon.
On 1 August the Sir Andrew Mitchell arrived at Portsmouth, in company with the Calpe, carrying Malcolm, his officers, and crew. Sir Andrew Mitchell, R. Gilmore, master, was a 14-year old, 522-ton (bm) ship on the Cork-Lisbon trade.
Citations and references
- Winfield (2008), p.60.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 180.
- "The Marine List". New Lloyd's List (2604). 18 April 1794.
- Demerliac, p. 309, no 2915
- Naval Chronicle, Vol. 10, p.173.
- Lloyd's Register (1804).
- Demerliac, Alain (2003). Nomenclature des navires français (in French). 1792-1799. Nice: Éditions A.N.C.R.E.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.
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