HMS Vigilant (1900)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Vigilant
Builder: John Brown and Company, Clydebank
Laid down: Speculative Build
Launched: 16 August 1900
Acquired: 1899 – 1900 Naval Estimates
Commissioned: June 1901
Out of service: In 1919 paid off and laid-up in reserve awaiting disposal
Fate: 10 February 1920 sold to South Alloa Ship Breaking Company for breaking at Charlestown near Rosyth on the Firth of Forth
General characteristics
Class and type: Clydebank three-funnel, 30-knot destroyer[1][2]
Displacement:
  • 350 t (344 long tons) standard
  • 395 t (389 long tons) full load
  • 218 ft (66 m) o/a
  • 20 ft 8 in (6.30 m) Beam
  • 8 ft 11 in (2.72 m) Draught
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h)
Range:
  • 80 tons coal
  • 1,465 nautical miles (2,713 km) at 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph)
Complement: 63 officers and men
Armament:
Service record
Operations: World War I 1914 - 1918

HMS Vigilant was a Clydebank three-funnel, 30-knot destroyer purchased by the Royal Navy under the 1899–1900 Naval Estimates. She was the ninth ship to carry this name since it was introduced in 1755 for an 8-gun schooner captured in 1756 by the French at Oswego.[3][4]

Construction[edit]

She was laid down as a speculative build Yard No 116 at the John Brown and Company shipyard in Clydebank. She was purchased by the Royal Navy on 31 March 1900 and was launched on 19 August 1900. During her trials, she made her contract speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). She was completed and accepted by the Royal Navy in June 1901.[3][4]

Pre-War[edit]

After commissioning she was assigned to the Channel Fleet in the Portsmouth Flotilla. She spent her operational career mainly in Home Waters, operating with the Channel Fleet.

On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by alpha characters starting with the letter 'A'. Since her design speed was 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph) with three funnels, she was assigned to the C Class. After 30 September 1913, she was known as a C-Class destroyer and had the letter ‘C’ painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel.[5]

World War I[edit]

In July 1914 Vigilant was part of the Eighth Patrol Flotilla, based at Chatham.[6]

Disposition[edit]

In 1919, HMS Vigilant was paid off and laid-up in reserve, awaiting disposal. She was sold on 10 February 1920 to South Alloa Ship Breaking Company for breaking at Charlestown near Rosyth on the Firth of Forth.[7]

She was not awarded a Battle Honour for her service.

Pennant Numbers[edit]

Pennant Number[7] From To
D43 6 Dec 1914 1 Sep 1915
D72 1 Sep 1915 1 Jan 1918
D92 1 Jan 1918 10 Feb 1920

References[edit]

NOTE: All tabular data under General Characteristics only from the listed Jane's Fighting Ships volume unless otherwise specified

  1. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1905]. Jane’s Fighting Ships 1905. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1905, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 77.
  2. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1990) [1919, reprinted]. Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 77. ISBN 1 85170 378 0.
  3. ^ a b Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1898]. Jane's All the World's Fighting Ships 1898. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1898, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. pp. 84 to 85.
  4. ^ a b Jane, Fred T. (1990). p. 76.
  5. ^ Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. Conway Maritime Press. 2006 [1985, reprinted 1986, 1997, 2002, 2006]. pp. 17 to 19. ISBN 0 85177 245 5.
  6. ^ "Fleets &c, At Home and Abroad: Patrol Flotillas". The Naval List. August 1914. p. 269c – via National Library of Scotland.
  7. ^ a b ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 June 2013.
  • Manning, Captain T.D. The British Destroyer. Godfrey Cave Associates. ISBN 0-906223-13-X.

External links[edit]