Wheatland during the Second World War
|Ordered:||4 September 1939|
|Laid down:||30 May 1940|
|Launched:||7 June 1941|
|Commissioned:||3 November 1941|
|Decommissioned:||19 June 1945|
|Identification:||Pennant number: L122|
|Arctic 1942, North Africa 1942–43, Sicily 1943, Mediterranean 1943, Salerno 1943, Adriatic 1944|
|Fate:||Scrapped at Bo'ness on 20 September 1959|
|General characteristics Type II|
|Class and type:||Hunt-class destroyer|
|Length:||85.3 m (279 ft 10 in) o/a|
|Beam:||9.6 m (31 ft 6 in)|
|Draught:||2.51 m (8 ft 3 in)|
|Range:||3,600 nmi (6,700 km) at 14 kn (26 km/h)|
Wheatland was ordered from Yarrow Shipbuilders, Scotstoun on 4 September 1939, one of 17 Hunt-class destroyers ordered on that day as part of the 1939 Emergency War Programme. The ship was laid down on 30 May 1940 and was launched on 7 June 1941, commissioning (with the pennant number L122) on 3 November 1941. She was named after "The Wheatland Hunt", an annual fox hunt held in Shropshire. During Warship Week in 1942 she was adopted by the town of Uttoxeter.
Wheatland's first captain was Ronald de Leighton Brooke, a captaincy which was also his own first command. He was later decorated following engagements with several enemy ships. On completion in 1941 Wheatland was sent to Scapa Flow as part of the Naval Force to undertake the Commando raid on the Lofoten Islands. The following year she took part in escort duties in support of the Russian Convoys. In 1943 she served in the Mediterranean, including support for the Sicily landings in July of that year. This included shore bombardment of Taormina on Sicily.
In 1944 she continued operations in the Mediterranean on convoy duties, including in July 1944 being nominated for escort duties in the planned landings in the south of France.
While being deployed with HMS Avon Vale, on 1 November 1944, Wheatland engaged German surface craft south of the island of Lussino, sinking the torpedo boat TA-20, and the corvettes UJ202 and UJ208, and rescuing some of the survivors in Action of 1 November 1944.
After the war Wheatland returned to Devonport and transferred to the Reserve Fleet. She stayed there until 1953 when she was towed to Gibraltar where she remained in reserve. In 1955 she was brought back to Harwich before being placed on the disposal list. She remained there until September 1957 when she was sold to BISCO for scrapping by McLennan. She arrived at their breakers yard in Bo'ness on 20 September 1959.
- English 1987, p. 106.
- English 1987, p. 17.
- "HMS Weatland". CRANSTON FINE ARTS. Retrieved Oct 23, 2012.
- Mason, Geoffrey B. (2004). Gordon Smith, ed. "HMS Wheatland (L 122) - Type 2, Hunt-class Escort Destroyer". naval-history.net. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
- O'Hara, Vincent P. (2004). The German fleet at war, 1939–1945. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. pp. 179–181. ISBN 9781591146513.
- Critchley, Mike (1982). British Warships Since 1945: Part 3: Destroyers. Liskeard, UK: Maritime Books. p. 35. ISBN 0-9506323-9-2.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- English, John (1987). The Hunts: A history of the design, development and careers of the 86 destroyers of this class built for the Royal and Allied Navies during World War II. World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-44-4.
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