This gene belongs to the homeobox family, members of which encode a highly conserved family of transcription factors that play an important role in morphogenesis in all multicellular organisms. Mammals possess four similar homeobox gene clusters, HOXA, HOXB, HOXC and HOXD, which are located on different chromosomes and consist of 9 to 11 genes arranged in tandem. This gene, HOXC6, is one of several HOXC genes located in a cluster on chromosome 12. Three genes, HOXC5, HOXC4 and HOXC6, share a 5' non-coding exon. Transcripts may include the shared exon spliced to the gene-specific exons, or they may include only the gene-specific exons. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified for HOXC6. Transcript variant two includes the shared exon, and transcript variant one includes only gene-specific exons.
Boncinelli E, Acampora D, Pannese M, D'Esposito M, Somma R, Gaudino G, Stornaiuolo A, Cafiero M, Faiella A, Simeone A (1990). "Organization of human class I homeobox genes". Genome / National Research Council Canada = Génome / Conseil National De Recherches Canada. 31 (2): 745–56. doi:10.1139/g89-133. PMID2576652.
Kosaki K, Kosaki R, Suzuki T, Yoshihashi H, Takahashi T, Sasaki K, Tomita M, McGinnis W, Matsuo N (Feb 2002). "Complete mutation analysis panel of the 39 human HOX genes". Teratology. 65 (2): 50–62. doi:10.1002/tera.10009. PMID11857506.
Ramachandran S, Liu P, Young AN, Yin-Goen Q, Lim SD, Laycock N, Amin MB, Carney JK, Marshall FF, Petros JA, Moreno CS (Jan 2005). "Loss of HOXC6 expression induces apoptosis in prostate cancer cells". Oncogene. 24 (1): 188–98. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1207906. PMID15637592.
1ahd: DETERMINATION OF THE NMR SOLUTION STRUCTURE OF AN ANTENNAPEDIA HOMEODOMAIN-DNA COMPLEX
1hom: DETERMINATION OF THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE OF THE ANTENNAPEDIA HOMEODOMAIN FROM DROSOPHILA IN SOLUTION BY 1H NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY
1san: THE DES(1-6)ANTENNAPEDIA HOMEODOMAIN: COMPARISON OF THE NMR SOLUTION STRUCTURE AND THE DNA BINDING AFFINITY WITH THE INTACT ANTENNAPEDIA HOMEODOMAIN
2hoa: STRUCTURE DETERMINATION OF THE ANTP(C39->S) HOMEODOMAIN FROM NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE DATA IN SOLUTION USING A NOVEL STRATEGY FOR THE STRUCTURE CALCULATION WITH THE PROGRAMS DIANA, CALIBA, HABAS AND GLOMSA