HR 8799 d

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HR 8799 d
Exoplanet Comparison HR 8799 d.png
Size comparison of HR 8799 d (gray) with Jupiter.
Discovered byMarois et al.
Discovery siteKeck and Gemini
in Hawaii
Discovery dateNovember 13, 2008
Direct imaging
Orbital characteristics
~24 AU
Eccentricity>0.04[1][note 1]
~100[2][note 2] y
StarHR 8799
Physical characteristics
Mean radius
[2] RJ
[3] MJ
Mean density
kg m−3

HR 8799 d is an extrasolar planet located approximately 129 light-years away in the constellation of Pegasus, orbiting the 6th magnitude Lambda Boötis star HR 8799. It has a mass between 5 and 10 Jupiter masses and a radius from 20 to 30% larger than Jupiter's. The planet orbits at 24 AU from HR 8799 with an eccentricity greater than 0.04 and a period of 100 years. Upon initial discovery, it was the innermost known planet in the HR 8799 system, but e, discovered later, is now known to be closer to their parent star. Along with two other planets orbiting HR 8799, this planet was discovered on November 13, 2008 by Marois et al., using the Keck and Gemini observatories in Hawaii. These planets were discovered using the direct imaging technique.[2][4][5][6]

Near infrared spectroscopy from 995 to 1769 nanometers made with the Palomar Observatory show evidence of Acetylene, Methane, and Carbon Dioxide, but Ammonia is not definitively detected.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The lower limit on the eccentricity is given for the case that the planet is in a 2:1 resonance with HR 8799 c, as suggested by stability constraints.
  2. ^ Value given assuming the planet's orbit is circular and is being observed face-on.


  1. ^ Fabrycky; et al. (2010). "Stability of the directly imaged multiplanet system HR 8799: resonance and masses". Astrophys. J. 710 (2): 1408–1421. arXiv:0812.0011. Bibcode:2010ApJ...710.1408F. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/710/2/1408. S2CID 11760422.
  2. ^ a b c d Marois, Christian; Barman, Travis; Zuckerman, B.; Song, Inseok; Patience, Jennifer; Lafrenière, David; Doyon, René (November 2008). "Direct Imaging of Multiple Planets Orbiting the Star HR 8799". Science. 322 (5906): 1348–1352. arXiv:0811.2606. Bibcode:2008Sci...322.1348M. doi:10.1126/science.1166585. PMID 19008415. S2CID 206516630.
  3. ^ Marois; Zuckerman; Konopacky; Macintosh; Barman (2010). "Images of a fourth planet orbiting HR 8799". Nature. 468 (7327): 1080–3. arXiv:1011.4918. Bibcode:2010Natur.468.1080M. doi:10.1038/nature09684. PMID 21150902. S2CID 4425891.
  4. ^ "Astronomers capture first images of newly-discovered solar system" (Press release). W. M. Keck Observatory. 2008-11-13. Archived from the original on 2013-11-26. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
  5. ^ "Gemini Releases Historic Discovery Image of Planetary First Family" (Press release). Gemini Observatory. 2008-11-13. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
  6. ^ Achenbach, Joel (2008-11-13). "Scientists Publish First Direct Images of Extrasolar Planets". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
  7. ^ B. R. Oppenheimer (2013). "Reconnaissance of the HR 8799 Exosolar System I: Near IR Spectroscopy". The Astrophysical Journal. 768: 24. arXiv:1303.2627. Bibcode:2013ApJ...768...24O. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/768/1/24. S2CID 7173368.

External links[edit]

Media related to HR 8799 d at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: Sky map 23h 07m 28.7150s, +21° 08′ 03.302″