|Builder:||Incat, Tasmania, Australia|
|Acquired:||15 August 2003|
|Out of service:||2013|
|Status:||Left US MSC contracted service in 2013|
|Notes:||Port of registry was changed to Majuro, upon purchase of Swift by Sealift Inc. Concurrent with that her flag was changed to that of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. After being leased by the UAE, Swift started flying the Flag of the United Arab Emirates (civil ensign). May have flown national flag/naval ensign later in her UAE service but this is unconfirmed.|
|United Arab Emirates|
|Status:||Attacked 1 October 2016; remained afloat and salvaged as of 4 October 2016. Declared unrepairable and decommissioned.|
|Length:||321.5 ft (98.0 m)|
|Beam:||88.6 ft (27.0 m)|
|Draft:||11.15 ft (3.40 m)|
|Propulsion:||Caterpillar 3618 marine diesel engines|
|Range:||3,500 nmi (6,500 km; 4,000 mi)|
|Complement:||17 Contract Mariners; berthing for 107 with additional temporary berthing for 87 when seating is converted|
|Armament:||4 × .50 caliber M2 Browning machine gun mounts|
HSV-2 Swift is a hybrid catamaran. She was privately owned and operated by Sealift Inc., and was originally built under the JHSV program as a proof of concept. As part of this program, she was directly leased for evaluation from her builders by the United States Navy Military Sealift Command from 2003 to 2013, primarily as a mine countermeasures and sea basing test platform. Later during her official naval career she was mostly used for fleet support and humanitarian partnership missions.
In July 2015, the ship was leased by the United Arab Emirates National Marine Dredging Company and was used to carry aid through Bab Al Mandab strait. On 1 October 2016, the ship was attacked and damaged off the coast of Yemen by Iranian-backed rebel Houthis, who at the time claimed to have sunk the ship. According to unnamed US Department of Defense officials, the ship was damaged and was being towed to Eritrea. The vessel sustained serious damage to its bow, but remained afloat.
Design and description
The ship is a wave-piercing, aluminum-hulled, commercial catamaran with military enhancements, such as a helicopter flight deck, vehicle deck, small boat and unmanned vehicle launch and recovery capability, and a communications suite. She features a new, modular design, which will allow her to be refitted to support missions without requiring long shipyard periods. While from the front the vessel looks like a trimaran, the center hull does not rest in the water and is not used for buoyancy. As a logistics vessel, the ship does not have water-tight compartments or weapons systems. Propulsion is provided by directional water jets, so the ship does not have propellers or a rudder for steering, and can maneuver in 3.7 m (12 ft) of water.
The HSV stands for "High Speed Vessel", and her home port while chartered as a MSC vessel was Naval Amphibious Base Little Creek in Norfolk, Virginia. The vessel had two CONMAR crews that typically rotated every three months to keep the ship deployed eleven months per year. The minimum crew size is 35; during her time with the MSC 18 were military with the balance civilian, provided through American Maritime Officers and Seafarers International Union of the United States Merchant Marine. On rare occasion that she was in a United States port, it was usually Naval Station Mayport, Florida, supporting the Fourth Fleet or Charleston, South Carolina, for major maintenance. Rota, Spain, was considered by the crew to be the "Mediterranean home away from home.
Construction and acquisition
The ship was constructed by the Australian shipbuilder Incat in Hobart, Tasmania, and was leased to the U.S. Navy through Bollinger/Incat of Lockport, Louisiana. She was the second catamaran the Navy leased to test new technologies and concepts associated with the Chief of Naval Operations's "Sea Power 21" plan. The contract value for the first year was $21.7 million.
Swift is the fourth Incat-built high-speed wave piercing catamaran to enter military service, following behind HMAS Jervis Bay, United States Army Vessel (USAV) Theater Support Vessel Spearhead (TSV-X1) and USS Joint Venture.
US flagged service
The first ship of this class to be used by the Navy, HSV-1 Joint Venture, proved its military mettle during the 2003 invasion of Iraq as a forward staging platform for Marine Fleet Anti-Terrorism and United States Navy SEAL (SEa, Air, Land) teams in the shallow waters of Umm Qasr, Iraq. The Navy hoped to build upon lessons learned from Swift and its predecessor, and eventually use the information to create a new class of littoral combat ships.
In the autumn of 2003, while operating with the Fifth Fleet, Swift completed the fastest-ever transit of the northern Great Barrier Reef from Cairns to Booby Island, Australia, averaging slightly over 39 knots (72 km/h). During flight deck certifications, Swift's crew conducted aircraft recovery while making 43 knots (80 km/h) during one recovery and had 66-knot (122 km/h) apparent winds during another recovery.
In November 2003 she began West African Training Cruise-04. She first visited the South African Navy (SAN) base at Durban on 3 November 2003. She then exercised with the SAN and the South African Air Force off Simon's Town in the Western Cape. As of early November 2003, as reported by Jane's Defence Weekly on 19 November 2003, exercises were also planned with Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Morocco, Senegal, and Sierra Leone. Swift had embarked a small United States Marine Corps (USMC) detachment for the cruise, 'which will draw on Norway Air-Landed Marine Expeditionary Brigade equipment for the exercises.' The Jane's Defence Weekly story said that Marine reservists will practice with the NALMEB equipment, and the cruise would also be used to evaluate an experimental lightweight ROWPU that was at that time being tested by the USMC warfighting laboratory. The vessel returned in early 2004.Tn 2004, the United States Navy tested the Australian built HSV-2 Swift in the multinational exercise RIMPC.
In January 2005, Swift was tapped to provide logistical assistance during the tsunami relief effort in North Sumatra. Swift departed Naval Station Ingleside, Texas, on 3 January 2005. Swift was in Pearl Harbor 15 January 2005, on the way to provide assistance following the tsunami. The ship arrived in Singapore on 30 January 2005, Belawan, Indonesia 3 February 2005 and Sattahip, Thailand, on 7 February 2005.
Prior to arriving in the tsunami affected region, crews were swapped in Pearl Harbor, with Gold crew relieving Blue crew in less than eight hours. Swift embarked a helicopter detachment, and served as a base of operations for two helicopters and their crew for 30 consecutive days at sea. During the operation, Swift sailed for 30 straight days, supported a helicopter detachment and support crew and conducted two underway replenishments.
In 2005, Swift played a major role in Hurricane Katrina relief efforts. With most roads inaccessible along the Gulf Coast, Swift and its crew delivered the necessary supplies by water, traversing the Mississippi River multiple times hauling humanitarian aid between Pensacola, Florida, and New Orleans, Louisiana.
Swift departed Naval Station Mayport, Florida, on 25 April 2007, to serve as a Global Fleet Station (GFS). The ship hosted more than 1,000 host nation military and civilian personnel during twelve visits to seven countries such as Belize, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua and Panama. In these countries, personnel on board Swift conducted 39,890 hours of subject matter expert exchanges in such areas as leadership, small boat operations, port security and small unit tactics.
The six-month US Navy sponsored GFS deployment tested the Navy's GFS concept, a maritime security cooperation initiative aimed at strengthening global partnerships through training and cooperation activities. Swift transported US military training teams to conduct maritime training with regional civil and maritime services.
During the last half of the deployment, more than 20,000 lb (9,100 kg) of medical and food supplies were donated through Project Handclasp. Swift hosted numerous dignitaries, including the Prime Minister of Jamaica and U.S. Ambassadors to Panama, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras and Jamaica.
The GFS completed its pilot mission, Sunday, 30 September 2007, when Swift returned to Naval Station Mayport, Florida.
On 5 May 2010, HSV-2, along with various embarked Navy and Marine Corps units, departed Naval Station Mayport for a five-month deployment for Southern Partnership Station (SPS) 2010.
- While in port, Swift received 140 Project Handclasp pallets and two fire engines. The Wisconsin National Guard State Partnership Program donated the fire engines to Project Handclasp for transportation to Nicaragua, their partner nation.
- Project Handclasp is a U.S. Navy program that accepts and transports educational, humanitarian and goodwill material on a space-available basis aboard U.S. Navy ships for distribution to foreign nation recipients.
- SPS is an annual deployment of various specialty platforms to the U.S. Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM) area of responsibility (AOR) in the Caribbean and Latin America. The mission's primary goal is information sharing with navies, coast guards, and civilian services throughout the region.
Swift was to be replaced with USNS Spearhead when that vessel came into service. Originally chartered in July 2003 as an interim mine warfare command and support ship for "transformational" mine warfare modular mission payload initiatives, the ship had been sent to the Persian Gulf, South Africa, the North Sea, and Hawaii within one year. Other locations included the Gulf of Mexico, Singapore, Thailand, Sicily, Spain, and southern California. As mine demonstration missions wore down, Swift was used in partnership missions, performing extended cruises to Africa, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. The five-year charter was renewed in 2008, and the ship continued to serve until the introduction of Joint High Speed Vessels. HSV-2 Swift ended its service with Military Sealift Command in 2013.
UAE flagged service
Swift returned to Incat at Hobart in July 2013 for refit for sale or charter. As of July 2015 the vessel was reportedly being operated by the UAE's National Marine Dredging Company. The ship was used to carry aid, wounded, and passengers as part of the Saudi-led intervention in Yemen through Bab Al Mandeb strait.
Attack off the coast of Yemen
On 1 October 2016, Iranian-backed rebel Houthis claimed to have attacked and sunk the Swift off the Yemeni coast around Bab-el-Mandeb strait. The UAE military reported Swift had been involved in an "incident", but there were no casualties. UAE military reported that the ship was carrying aid when it was attacked and that it did not have any military capacity. Saudi Arabia reported that their forces rescued passengers from a damaged UAE ship at dawn on 1 October 2016. There currently seems to be some confusion as to whether she was en route to Aden (apparently a regular destination) or Mokha at the time she was attacked. Unnamed US Defense officials reported that four "shoulder-fired rockets" were used in the attack, but Houthis said it was a C-802/Noor anti-ship missile. According to open source naval analyst and retired Navy Captain Chris Carlson, the shrapnel damage to Swift indicates she was hit by EFP warhead, most likely a C-802.
US destroyers USS Mason and USS Nitze, and amphibious transport dock USS Ponce were dispatched to the area "to ensure that shipping continues unimpeded in the strait and the vicinity." Mason and Ponce were subsequently attacked on 9 October. Mason was attacked again on 12 October and on 15 October.
US Defense officials said that Swift was in tow to Eritrea as of 3 October 2016. Later photographs proved that she was still afloat, albeit heavily damaged, as of 5 October 2016. Social media reports showed her afloat in a Greek port in July 2017 with significant damage to the port bow. As of July 2017[update], Swift is reportedly now owned by Greek ferry company Seajets.
HSV-2 Swift navigates through Yokosuka Bay in Yokosuka, Japan
- This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Navy.
- Saudis admit 2 deaths in warship incident after Houthis claim anti-ship missile attack (VIDEO)
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- Tomlinson, Lucas (3 October 2016). "US warships sent to area where Iran-backed rebels attacked Saudi-led coalition ship". Fox News.
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- Helmoed-Romer Heitman (19 November 2003), "US Navy catamaran on training cruise off West Africa", Jane's Defence Weekly, p. 19
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- "Image 050115-N-9662L-003 Caption". US Navy. 15 January 2005.
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- "Image 050203-N-3642E-008 Caption". US Navy. 3 February 2005.
- "Image 050207-N-3642E-001 Caption". US Navy. 7 February 2005.
- "HSV-2 Swift". Incat. Archived from the original on 6 September 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
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- Watkins, MCS1 Michael B. W. (9 August 2006). "Humanitarian Aid Reaches Lebanon". US Navy News.
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- Wood Sr., MCS2 Robert A. (6 May 2010). "HSV 2 Swift Departs for Southern Partnership Station 2010". US Navy News.
- Wood, Robert (6 May 2010). "HSV 2 Swift Departs for Southern Partnership Station 2010". navy.mil. Retrieved 26 November 2010.
- Allen, Sean (5 January 2013). "USNS Swift Completes Aerostat and UAV Testing, Departs Key West for Operation Martillio". navy.mil. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
- Cavas, Christopher P. (15 October 2012). "Interview: U.S. Navy Rear Adm. Mark Buzby". Defense News.[dead link]
- Binnie, Jeremy (28 July 2015). "HSV-2 turns up off Aden". IHS Jane's Defence Weekly. Archived from the original on 30 July 2015.
- Nick Clark (30 July 2013). "Swift returns to Hobart". The Mercury. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
- "Yemen: Houthis claim attack on UAE military vessel". aljazeera.com. 1 October 2016.
- "Yemen rebels claim attack on UAE military-vessel". alarabiya.net. Al Arabiya. 1 October 2016.
- "Saudi-led forces rescue passengers from vessel off Yemen: SPA". Reuters. 1 October 2016.
- LaGrone, Sam (11 October 2016). "USS Mason Fired 3 Missiles to Defend From Yemen Cruise Missiles Attack". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- LaGrone, Sam (12 October 2016). "Pentagon Pledges to Respond in 'Appropriate Manner' After New Yemen Missile Attack on USS Mason". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- Starr, Barbara; Kenny, Caroline (15 October 2016). "USS Mason fires missiles in Red Sea after apparent attack". CNN. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- LaGrone, Sam (15 October 2016). "CNO Richardson: USS Mason 'Appears to Have Come Under Attack'". USNI News. U.S. Naval Institute. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- الجرافات البحرية : السفينة " سويفت " تتمتع بغطاء تأميني. [Marine Dredging: Ship "Swift" is covered by insurance.] (in Arabic). Emirates News Agency (WAM). 5 October 2016. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016.
- "Heavily Damaged HSV-2".
- Κορωναίου, Ευαγγελία (5 July 2017). Ένα πολεμικό πλοίο στο στόλο της SEAJETS [A warship in the SEAJETS fleet]. Κοινή Γνώμη (in Greek). Retrieved 10 July 2017.
- Στην Ελευσίνα έφτασε το HSV-2 SWIFT [HSV-2 SWIFT arrives at Elefsina Bay]. Seazoom.gr (in Greek). 2 July 2017. Retrieved 10 July 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to IMO 9283928.|
- US Navy Fact File - High Speed Vessel, Archived November 2005.
- Military Sealift Command - High-Speed Vessel Swift. Archive as of February 2013.
- "Ready? You bet!". Sealift. Military Sealift Command. July 2013. - Summary of MSC service of HSV-2 Swift