Holden Special Vehicles

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Holden Special Vehicles
Industry Automotive
Founded 1987
Founder Tom Walkinshaw
Headquarters Clayton, Victoria, Australia
Products Automobiles
Owner General Motors
Walkinshaw Performance
Parent Holden
Ryan Walkinshaw
Website www.hsv.com.au

Holden Special Vehicles is the officially designated performance vehicle partner of Australian automobile manufacturer Holden. Established in 1987 and based in Clayton, Victoria, the company modifies Holden models such as the Commodore, Caprice and Ute and markets them under the HSV brandname.


HSV was created in 1987 as a joint venture between Holden and Tom Walkinshaw Racing – an operation owned by Scottish racing car driver and entrepreneur Tom Walkinshaw. HSV effectively replaced the Holden Dealer Team (HDT) special vehicles operation run by Peter Brock, after Holden severed its ties with HDT in February 1987 following the Energy Polarizer and "HDT Director" controversies. With the more recent demise of TWR's global companies, HSV still remains a partnership between Holden and Walkinshaw, the joint ownership company being Premoso Pty Ltd.

Over the years HSV have built an array of modified vehicles, most of which have been based on the Commodore and powered by either Holden or GM sourced V8s.

The first car developed by HSV was the Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV of 1988, which was badged and sold by Holden for racing homologation purposes. It went on to win the 1990 Bathurst 1000 race. The first car developed, badged and sold as an HSV was the SV88.

Since the year 2000, HSV's products have progressively found their way into export markets in limited numbers, most notably to the United Kingdom. Subsequently, HSV also exported its vehicles to the Middle East under the Chevrolet Special Vehicles (CSV) badge.



The HSV Avalanche is an all-wheel drive crossover SUV that was manufactured between 2003 and 2005. Based on the Holden Adventra LX8 crossover wagon, the Avalanche range also incorporated a dual-cab utility model known as the HSV Avalanche XUV. The XUV derived from the Holden Crewman Cross8.


The HSV Clubsport has been produced since 1990, based on the Commodore.


The HSV Coupé is a high performance grand tourer which was produced from 2001 to 2006. It was based on the Holden Monaro, the coupé adaptation of the third generation Holden Commodore, and released in the following series:

  • V2 (2001–2002)
  • V2 Series II (2002–2004)
  • VZ (2004–2006)

Its standard model range included the GTO and GTS. In 2004, the GTS was discontinued and the all-wheel drive Coupé4 introduced. Limited edition models included the GTO LE (2003 and 2006) and GTO Signature (2006).


The HSV Grange is a luxury performance sedan based on the Holden Caprice range since 1997.


The HSV GTS was introduced in 1992. There was no Z Series GTS.

  • VP (1991–1993)
  • VR (1993–1995)
  • VS (1995–1997)
  • VT (1997–2000)
  • VX (2000–2002)
  • Y Series (2002–2004)
  • E Series (2006–2013)
  • Gen-F (2013–present)


The HSV Maloo is a performance coupe utility which has been produced since October 1990. All versions of the Maloo have been based on the mainstream Holden Utes, but have featured high-performance V8 engines and body kits.[1] In June 2006, a regular production item Z-series Maloo R8 broke the record for the world's fastest production performance pickup, at 271 km/h, (168 mph) beating the previous record holder, a Dodge Ram SRT-10 by 22 km/h.[2]

The name 'Maloo' is Aboriginal for 'thunder'. HSV's former Managing Director, John Crennan, coined the name for the vehicle from a book of Aboriginal place names.

The most powerful and developed version has been the 430kW Gen-F GTS Maloo, which was launched in November 2014. It featured GTS sedan mechanicals except for the Magnetic Ride Control suspension setup that, due to limited development opportunities, HSV left exclusively for the said sedan, Senator Signature and Grange. This Maloo was originally limited to 165 units, later increased to 250 plus 10 for export to New Zealand.[3]


The HSV Senator is a full size luxury sports sedan variation of the Holden Commodore. It has been manufactured since 1992 at Elizabeth, South Australia, before final assembly in Clayton, Victoria, Australia. The car is based on a rear-wheel drive architecture, and the current generation E Series is powered by a 6.2 litre V8. Until recently, there were no exact or direct rival for this vehicle; however, in October 2006 FPV announced the release of the Falcon Force 6/8 as a competitor.

Initially the car was offered only in two trim levels but with the introduction of the VT generation in 1997 the ranged expanded into multiple versions including special limited edition build variants and station wagon body types.


The HSV SV88 was HSV's first attempt at a luxury performance car (in similar vein to the HDT Director). It was based on the 5.0-litre VL Calais with upgraded power.

  • VL (1988)


The HSV W427 is the limited edition flagship of the initial E Series range, released in celebration of the company's 20th anniversary in 2008.

Model series[edit]


Main article: Holden Commodore (VL)
VL Commodore F20 SV

The Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV was the first car produced by Holden Special Vehicles. Developed under contract to Holden, it was released in March 1988. Modifications were made to the standard Holden 5.0 litre V8 to produce 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) @ 5200 rpm and 380 Nm @ 4000 rpm. Best known for the polarising body kit and bluish-silver colour, the VL Group A SS was also the first model to feature a fuel-injected version of the Holden V8, with the first EFI VN Holden Commodore V8s not released until August 1988. The SV88 model was based on the VL Holden Calais and used a carburetored version of the V8 producing 136 kW (185 PS; 182 hp).

The range of vehicles for this series included (in chronological order):

Model Number Built Engine Power Torque Tyres 0 – 100 km/h (62 mph) Standing 400 m (1/4 mile) Top Speed RRP (A$)
SV88 150 4987 cc V8 136 kW (185 PS; 182 hp) @ 4400 rpm 355 N·m (262 lb·ft) @ 3200 rpm 205/55 VR 16 – Bridgestone RE71 8.98 s [4] 16.44 s
Holden Commodore SS Group A SV 750 (500 initially) 4987 cc V8 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) @ 5200 rpm 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm 205/55 VR 16 – Bridgestone RE71 6.9 s 15.1 s 230 km/h (143 mph)
F20 SV 4 2962 cc I6 114 kW (155 PS; 153 hp) @ 5200 rpm 247 N·m (182 lb·ft) @ 3200 rpm 205/55 VR 16 – Bridgestone RE71
F20 SV Turbo Option 4 2962 cc I6 with Turbo 150 kW (204 PS; 201 hp) @ 5200 rpm 296 N·m (218 lb·ft) @ 3200 rpm 205/55 VR 16 – Bridgestone RE71 7.63 s [5] 15.5 s 223 km/h (139 mph)


Main article: Holden Commodore (VN)

A number of models based on the VN Holden Commodore were developed by HSV the most potent of these being the Commodore SS Group A SV built for Holden. It featured an extensively modified version of Holden's 5.0 litre V8 to produce 215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) @ 5200 rpm and 411 N·m @ 4000 rpm coupled to a six-speed ZF S6-40 manual transmission as used in the Chevrolet Corvette ZR-1. Upgrades were also made to the suspension, tyres and brakes. 500 cars was the original production target for homologation reasons, but only 302 were ultimately produced in non sequential order meaning build number 450 may exist while build number 100 may not.[6] The VN Group A SS was the last Holden built as a homologation racing special.

Other models used either 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) or 200 kW (272 PS; 268 hp) versions of the same V8 except the SV3800, which had a 179 PS (132 kW) 3.8 litre V6. In 1990, the first HSV Maloo was released, based on the VG series Holden Ute of the time. The lighter Ute body provided a performance edge over the other HSV sedan counterparts. Models based on the long-wheelbase Holden VQ Caprice were released soon after. The SV90 and SV93 were treated with reworked suspension, wider front track and the 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) V8. The Statesman 5000i (in both series I and II form) featured 200 kW (272 PS; 268 hp).

There was also a less well known vehicle that was made by HSV for the Queensland Dealer Motor Group, the DMG 90. Only 50 were made and sold in QLD. This was built from a 1990 VN S pack and had the following: Alpine white paint, SV 3800 bodykit, VL calais 15 inch alloys, SS brakes, FE2 suspension, strengthened panhard rod, wider front track, strengthened boot, power windows front and rear, aircon, power steer, power mirrors, Momo steering wheel, 3.8L V6 with extractors and big bore exhaust system.

The range of vehicles for this series included (in alphabetical order):

  • Clubsport
  • DMG90 (special V6 build for Queensland dealers)
  • LS (V6 utility)
  • Maloo (V8 utility)
  • Statesman 5000i
  • Statesman 5000i
  • Statesman SV90
  • Statesman SV93
  • SV LE (sedan and wagon)
  • SV89 (based on Berlina)
  • SV3800
  • SV5000
  • T-30
  • GTS


Model Number Built Engine Power Torque Tyres 0 – 100 km/h (62 mph) Standing 400 m (1/4 mile) Top Speed RRP (A$)
SS Group A SV[7] 302 4987 cc V8 215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) @ 5200 rpm 411 N·m (303 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm 235/45 ZR 17 - Goodyear Eagle 6.5 s 14.5 s 253[8] >$68,000 (from intended $50,000)[8]


1992–1993 HSV VP Senator.
Main article: Holden Commodore (VP)

With the release of the VP series, HSV began introducing IRS to its models as well as introducing new model names, Senator and GTS which continue to be used to the present day. While the entry-level Clubsport and luxury Senator are equipped with the 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) V8, the high-performance GTS came standard with the 200 kW (272 PS; 268 hp) version and HSV's premium brake package. LSDs were standard across the range.

  • Clubsport
  • Clubsport 5000i
  • GTS
  • Maloo
  • Senator
  • Senator 5000i
  • SV91
  • Formula
  • HSV+6


Main article: Holden Commodore (VR)
1993–1995 HSV VR Clubsport.
HSV Grange VS III.

Following the appointment of award-winning designer Ian Callum as design chief for TWR, VR series HSV models benefited from a more cohesive and stylish body design. Upgrades were made to the 5.0 litre V8 to yield 185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp), while the GTS included a 5.7 litre stroked version producing 292 PS (215 kW) (also available as an option on the Senator) from May 1994 onwards. The VS series of 1995 introduced mild styling tweaks and a new three-spoke alloy wheel design. A value-oriented Manta was established as the base HSV model to broaden appeal. In 1996, a limited edition flagship GTS-R was created which came standard with the 5.7 litre V8, Tremec T56 six-speed transmission and Hydratrak LSD package. Available only in a polarising bright yellow colour (known as "XU-3 Yellah") with carbon fibre inserts and large rear wing, the GTS-R engine could be blueprinted for more power. 85 GTS-Rs were produced (ten exported to New Zealand). The VS series II of 1996 introduced HSV's ISS (Integrated Security System) as standard, which featured an immobiliser and different electronics configuration for each car produced in an effort to deter theft. [9] In 1996, a new Statesman-based model known as the Grange replaced previous HSV Statesman models.

  • Clubsport
  • GTS
  • Maloo
  • Manta
  • Senator
  • Statesman
  • Grange (From 1996 Series II)
Model Number Built Engine Power Torque Tyres 0 – 100 km/h (62 mph) Standing 400 m (1/4 mile) Top Speed RRP (A$)
Maloo (Ute) 97 to December 1995 4987 cc V8 185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) @ 4800 rpm 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm 205/55 ZR16 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01
Manta (Sedan) 230 to June 1996 4987 cc V8 185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) @ 4800 rpm 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm 225/50 ZR16 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01 $45,360 (Man), $46,675 (Auto)
Manta (Station Wagon) 4987 cc V8 185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) @ 4800 rpm 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm 225/50 ZR16 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01 $48,640 (Man), $49,990 (Auto)
Clubsport (wagon vr only) 593 December 1995 4987 cc V8 185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) @ 4800 rpm 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm 235/45 ZR17 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01 $49,790 (Man), $51,150 (Auto)
Senator (5.0 L 185i Model) 416 to Dec 95 4987 cc V8 185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) @ 4800 rpm 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm 235/45 ZR17 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01 $59,785 (Man & Auto)
Senator (5.7 L 215i Model) 5737 cc V8 215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) @ 4800 rpm 475 N·m (350 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm 235/45 ZR17 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01 $72,740 (Man & Auto)
GTS 158 December 1995 5737 cc V8 215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) @ 4800 rpm 475 N·m (350 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm 235/45 ZR17 – Bridgestone Expedia S-01 6.20 s [10] 14.60 s 246 km/h (153 mph) $65,975 (Man & Auto)


Main article: Holden Commodore (VT)

This series was based on the all-new Holden VT Commodore range released in August 1997. It was the last series to be powered by Australian-made 265 PS (195 kW) 5.0 litre V8 (cast iron block) and the 300 PS (220 kW) 5.7 litre stroker in the GTS. A Senator Signature wagon was introduced and was mechanically identical to the sedan counterpart. The VS ute bodyshell was retained for the Maloo. There were only 180 Manta units produced, after which this model was dropped from production due to its close competition with the donor Commodore SS model.

HSV's VT range included:

  • Manta (entry-level)
  • Clubsport
  • GTS (top performance model)
  • Senator Signature (entry luxury model based on Calais)
  • Senator Signature Wagon
  • Grange (top luxury model based on Caprice)
  • Maloo (VS series based utility).

The range also comprised the XU8, which was built in limited numbers to carry last-ever Australian-made V8 engine.

The VT Series II represented a major update for HSV through the introduction of the new 340 PS (250 kW) 5.7 litre GENIII LS1 V8, which saw Wheels magazine name the GTS as the fastest Holden ever at the time.[11] The Manta and Senator Signature wagon were both dropped from the line-up due to poor sale performance. The flagship GTS presented many unique features such as a Callaway tuned 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) version of the LS1, a 3.91 final drive ratio and the addition of toe-control links to the IRS suspension, among others. The recent release of the new WH series Caprice in 2001 allowed the Grange to gain its new look. This series also saw the introduction of a supercharged V6 model named the XU6, which ultimately did not prove successful and was described as being agricultural against new competitors such as the Magna VR-X, which was rated a superior product in a direct comparison.[12] For the first time, a more performance-oriented Clubsport was launched, known as the Clubsport. It came standard with HSV's "Performance" suspension and braking package, which were offered as optional extras on the Clubsport. Again, the Maloo remained available using the VS ute bodyshell.

HSV's VT Series II range included:

  • XU6 (V6 Supercharged entry-level)
  • Clubsport
  • Clubsport R8 (new Performance model)
  • GTS
  • Senator Signature
  • Grange
  • Maloo.


Main article: Holden Commodore (VX)

Acting on feedback from owners, HSV strove to differentiate its range of vehicles from the standard Holden offerings. To achieve this, HSV introduced more distinguishing bodykit and interior designs. This series also saw the LS1 engine output increase by 5 kW (7 PS; 7 hp). The introduction of the new VU Holden Ute allowed HSV to produce an all-new Maloo variant. A limited edition Senator 300 model also became available, equipped with the 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) V8 and suspension modifications from the GTS.

The range included:

  • XU6
  • Clubsport
  • Clubsport R8
  • Senator Signature
  • Senator 300 (top performance luxury model)
  • Grange
  • GTS
  • Maloo (new utility bodyshell).
2002 HSV VXII Clubsport R8.

The VX range saw HSV offer its first Coupé models based on the new V2 series, in GTO and GTS spec. The latter replaced the GTS sedan but was powered by a less powerful 255 kW (347 PS; 342 hp) engine. A Maloo R8 model was added with similar upgraded specification to the Clubsport R8. The special edition SV300 was introduced to replace the Senator 300. Toe-control links for the rear suspension was now fitted across the range in line with the Holden VX series update, for improved handling. The VXII update also brought with it the addition of Microdots across the range in order to reduce theft, a feature HSV refers to as HSV DNA.

The range now included:

  • XU6
  • Clubsport
  • Clubsport R8
  • Senator Signature
  • SV300[13]
  • Grange
  • Coupé GTO
  • Coupé GTS
  • Maloo
  • Maloo R8

Y Series[edit]

Main article: Holden Commodore (VY)
2002–2003 HSV Maloo R8 (Y Series) ute.

Coinciding with the release of the VY Commodore, HSV produced the Y Series models adopting an even more distinguishing design and an alphabetical designation to further distance itself from donor Holden. While the GTS sedan returned (with a recalibrated ECU increasing power to 260 kW (354 PS; 349 hp)), the XU6 was discontinued due to a lack of demand attributed to a perceived lack of extra power relative to Holden's supercharged V6 sedans. The twin kidney grille design first introduced on the VR series Commodore became HSV's new signature grille. Finally, the Senator range was split into entry-level Senator and high-end luxury Senator Signature models.

The range included:

  • Clubsport
  • Clubsport R8
  • GTS
  • Senator
  • Senator Signature
  • Grange
  • Coupé GTO
  • Coupé GTS
  • Maloo
  • Maloo R8
  • Avalanche (AWD performance wagon)

Y II Series[edit]

2004 HSV VYII (WKII) Grange

This upgraded range is characterised by a significant power increase to 285 kW (387 PS; 382 hp). Rumors followed that a new engine was due for release given the maximum development of the to be used, with the development of GM's new LS2 nearly complete. This power upgrade closed the performance gap between HSV's mainstream models and the 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) flagship GTS, which prompted speculation that the GTS was set for a power increase as well. An updated WK Statesman/Caprice from Holden also formed the basis for the new Grange. The GTO Coupé returned, and the forays of parent company Holden into AWD saw the introduction of the Avalanche (based on the Holden Adventra), the XUV (based on the Holden Crewman), and the Coupé4 (based on the Holden Monaro). The latter was particularly significant, as it was the first time that Holden's AWD system had been used in such a low-riding application. These new additions to the range made the Y Series II the biggest HSV range in history, with 16 variants.

The range included:

  • Clubsport
  • Clubsport R8
  • Clubsport SE
  • GTS
  • Senator
  • Senator Signature
  • Grange
  • Coupé GTO
  • Coupé GTS
  • Coupé LE (limited edition)
  • Coupé GTO Signature (limited edition)
  • Coupé4 (AWD)
  • Maloo
  • Maloo R8
  • Avalanche
  • Avalanche XUV (AWD performance utility)

Z Series[edit]

Main article: Holden Commodore (VZ)
2006 HSV GTO Coupé.
2005 HSV SV6000.

This series of HSVs (released in October 2004) were known as the "Z" Series, reflecting the fact they were based on the VZ-series of the donor Holden Commodore. This saw the introduction, across the range, of the new GM LS2 V8, which generated 297 kW (400 hp). The AWD models retained the less powerful LS1. The lack of a GTS model in this series was attributable to the negligible power difference between the new LS2 models and a potential 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) GTS, sparking rumors of that the new LS7 V8 was going to be used in the next series. In lieu of the GTS, HSV released the SV6000, which was based on the Clubsport and limited to 50 units. A new WL Statesman/Caprice model also resulted in an upgraded Grange. The Z-series became the last models to be based on the 1997–2006 VT Commodore, which adopted the V-body. On 25 May 2006, a standard 2006 HSV Maloo R8 driven by Mark Skaife was clocked at an averaged speed of 271.44 km/h (168.7 mph) in the Woomera, South Australia.[14] The speed was recognised by the Guinness World Records representative, Chris Sheedy, as the Fastest Production Pickup Truck recorded. The speed improved over the previous record held by a Dodge Ram SRT-10 at 248.784 km/h (154.587 mph) but as many found out after the record was set, that the R8 wasn't actually 'stock' as it included a race cold air induction system and other performance modifications which allowed it to reach 271 km/h. The stock VZ Maloo R8 top speed is actually 249 km/h and it was awarded the "Fastest 'medium' size pickup" and thus the world record doesn't comply anymore because of modifications and different pickup size.

The range included:

  • Clubsport
  • Clubsport R8
  • SV6000 (limited edition)
  • Grange
  • Senator
  • Coupé GTO
  • Coupé4 AWD
  • Maloo
  • Maloo R8
  • Maloo R8 Yellow Thunder 15th Anniversary (limited edition)
  • Avalanche
  • Avalanche XUV

E Series[edit]

Main article: Holden Commodore (VE)
2006–2008 HSV Clubsport R8 (E Series)
2009 HSV GTS (E Series 2)

An all-new Holden Commodore chassis, known as the VE was unveiled in July 2006. Following this, a new range of "E" Series HSV models were released in August 2006.

Changes to the exhaust system yielded a 10 kW (14 PS; 13 hp) increase in power (see below) for the LS2 to 307 kW (417 PS; 412 hp). Extensive modifications to the base VE Commodore sheetmetal and interior were introduced, most notably the unique LED taillights and distinctive side vents. The new GM 6L80-E 6 speed automatic transmission from the VE Commodore is offered, and Electronic Stability Control is standard on all models.

The GTS, Senator Signature and Grange additionally feature switchable Magnetic Ride Control to improve ride and handling. As such, the E Series represents HSV's most expensive model developments in its history,[15] with the MRC suspension system alone costing A$4.5 million. [16] In October, a new Grange model based on the Holden WM Caprice was released featuring the same V8 and MRC suspension as the Senator Signature and GTS, albeit with its own unique settings.

Hsv also released a Hsv Senator Signature SV08 which is released in a limited run of 20 manual and 30 automatic units.

The HSV Senator Signature SV08 comes with lower paint-outs, sill plates and extra chrome accents on the side mirrors and door handles. The HSV Senator Signature SV08 on 20" Pentagon wheels as standard and features a Magnetic Ride Control suspension with Sport mode and a front and rear Park Assist system.

The HSV Senator Signature SV08 is powered by a V8 engine developing 317 kW coupled with a new Tremec TR6060 gearbox.

In August 2008, HSV launched its new flagship model, the W427. This car is based on the GTS, but carries a 7.0 L LS7 V8 engine along with larger brakes, strengthened gearbox, revised suspension and unique MRC settings. The W427 was the most powerful car ever made in Australia until the release of the Gen-F GTS, with power outputs of 375 kW (510 PS; 503 hp) @ 7000 rpm and 640 N·m (470 lb·ft) @ 5000 rpm. It is sill the most expensive, at $155 500.

On 28 March 2008, HSV announced that the LS3 6.2 litre engine would be fitted to all E-Series models (with the exception of the LS7 W427) from April 2008. The LS3 power output is 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp), whilst peak torque has not increased over the LS2. 12 May 2008 saw the announcement of a new HSV E Series model; the HSV "Tourer". This new model, based on the VE Holden Sportwagon was later officially released in September 2008.

The range included:

E Series 2[edit]

2009–2010 HSV E-Series 2 Clubsport R8

The HSV E Series 2 range was released late 2009 and was the most major update since the release of E Series HSV's. Prices started at $65,990 for the Clubsport R8. The range received many cosmetic changes with new front and rear bumpers, twin-nostriled bonnet (from the Pontiac G8) and a new range of wheel designs. The Series 2 has a very distinctive look set of daytime running lights standard across the E2 range.[17] On 9 September 2010, Holden Special Vehicles released the E Series 3.

The new engines in the range are the 325 kW (442 PS; 436 hp) 6.2 litre LS3 V8 used exclusively by the HSV GTS, with the rest of the E2 range being powered by an LS3 in 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) trim. The new engines have also improved fuel economy by 4.2 per cent on the LS3 V8. New is the intelligent launch controls, Competition mode ESC and Extended cruise control systems which are all standard for E2 models excluding intelligent launch control which is only available with a manual transmission.

E Series 3[edit]

2010 HSV GTS
2010 HSV Grange

E Series 3 vehicles were released on 21 September 2010. The noticeable changes between E Series II and 3 include the GTS power has been increased to 325 kW (442 PS), making it once again the top of the HSV list; the GTS E Series II price has been increased to $80,990; the HSV Enhanced Driver Interface (racing version of Holden IQ), the new LPI system, LPG and unleaded fuel are $5,990 options on all models except the R8 Tourer; and the updated Holden VE II Commodore interior and new rear exhaust and rear spoilers.

Model MSRP
(Cost AUD)
Horsepower, engine
Maloo R8 $64,990 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L
Clubsport R8 $67,990 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L
Clubsport R8 Tourer $68,990 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L
Maloo R8 SV Black Edition (105 made) $67,990 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L
Clubsport R8 SV Black Edition (115 made) $71,990 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L
Clubsport R8 Tourer SV Black Edition (25 made) $72,990 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L
Senator Signature $83,990 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L
GTS $82,990 325 kW (442 PS; 436 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L
Grange $88,990 325 kW (442 PS; 436 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 6.2 L


Main article: Holden Commodore (VF)

After the Holden VF Commodore was unveiled in early 2013, HSV announced the Gen-F series, which would be based on the VF Commodore and go on sale in August 2013. The Gen F GTS is set to become the most powerful production car ever produced in Australia, with 430 kW (585 PS; 577 hp) and 740 N·m (546 lb·ft) of torque. The new GTS will be considerably more expensive than the E Series 3, with prices set to start at $95,000.[18]

Other models[edit]

Although the majority of HSV models are based on variants of the Holden Commodore, HSV has also produced a few cars based on other models part of the Holden lineup.

Astra SV1800[edit]

See also: Holden Astra
HSV Astra SV1800 Sedan
  • The HSV Astra SV1800 was released in 1988, and was based on the LD-series Holden Astra of the time (which was itself based on the Nissan Pulsar N13 series). It shared the same 1.8L engine as the standard Astra, but was released with extractors, sports exhaust and an aerodynamic sports body kit (adopted from the Walkinshaw, which is why the SV1800 was nicknamed the Baby Walky) however, only 65 were made in both sedan and hatchback form.

Astra VXR[edit]

  • The HSV Astra VXR is a rebadged Vauxhall which was imported from Belgium from 2006 to 2009. It has a 2.0 litre turbocharged 4-cylinder engine producing 176 kW (236 hp)/320 Nm, coupled to a 6-speed manual transmission. Additionally it is equipped with the adaptive IDS (Interactive Driving System) suspension system along with ESC, traction control system, ABS and BA.


See also: Isuzu Bighorn

Based on the Holden Jackaroo of the time, the HSV Jackaroo was released in 1993 and came equipped with the same 130 kW (177 hp) 3.2L SOHC V6 as the standard Holden Jackaroo.It was also called the Holden Monterey.

Models by year[19][edit]


  • Commodore SS Group A SV (500 VL-series built + 250 extra; produced by HSV for, and sold by, Holden for racing homologation purposes; all in Panorama Silver paint; March to November 1988)[20][21]
  • SV88 (150 VL-series built; based on Calais; May to July 1988)[4][22]
  • SV F20 ("Final 20" VL-series vehicles; 2 built + 2 replicas; based on Commodore; July to August 1988)[5][23]
  • Astra SV1800 (65 LD-series built; 35 hatchbacks and 30 sedans; September 1988 to March 1989)[20][24]
  • SV3800 (491 VN-series built; October 1988 to May 1990)[20][25]


  • SV89 (200 VN-series built; based on Berlina; March to July 1989)[26]
  • SV6 (64 VN-series built; April 1989 to May 1991)
  • SVLE (110 sedan and 80 wagons VN-series built; August 1989 to September 1989 and to January 1990, respectively)
  • LE (100 VN-series built; October 1989 to January 1990)
  • SV5000 (359 VN-series built; September 1989 to September 1991)[27][28]


  • 8 Plus (80 VN-series built; 25 manual and 55 automatic; March 1990)[29]
  • DMG90 (50 VN-series built for the Dealer Motor Group in Queensland; based on Commodore S-pack V6 and SV89 bodykit; April 1990 Brisbane Motorshow)
  • Challenger (50 VN-built special for Canberra market; June 1990 to June 1991)
  • SV T-30 (30 VN-series built for "Top 30" selling dealers only; based on Commodore SS and SV89 bodykit; June 1990)[30]
  • ClubSport (410 VN-series built; 60 in Asteroid Silver; June 1990 to August 1991)[31]
  • Statesman SV90 (135 VQ-series built; June 1990 to September 1991)[32] Maloo (135 VG-series built; October 1990 to April 1993)[33]
  • Commodore SS Group A SV (302 VN-series built; produced by HSV for, and sold by, Holden for racing homologation purposes; all in Durif red paint except 2 in black; November 1990 to March 1991)[34]


  • Plus 6 (100 VN-series built, of which 60 automatic; March to August 1991)
  • SV91 (1 VN-series prototype in April 1991;[35] 103 VP-series built from October 1991 to June 1992[36])
  • Statesman 5000i (84 VQ-series built + 9 "5th Anniversary"; May 1991 to April 1993)[37]
  • SV T-30 (10 VN Series II built for "Top" selling dealers only; June to July 1991)[38]
  • LS (300 VN-series all V6 except at least one V8 + 130 sedans and 20 wagons to New Zealand; based on Commodore Executive; July to September 1991)[39]
  • LS utility (54 VG-series V6; September 1991 to June 1993)[40]
  • ClubSport (387 VP-series built + 65 "5th Anniversary"; October 1991 to June 1993)[41]
  • Sport Wagon (43 VP-series + 5 "5th Anniversary"; October 1991 to June 1993)[42]


  • Maloo (34 VP-series built + 15 "5th Anniversary")[43]
  • +Six (82 VP-series built)[44]
  • Senator (201 VP-series built + 15 "5th Anniversary")[45]
  • Senator 5000i (136 VP-series built + 30 "5th Anniversary")[46]
  • Statesman 5000i Series II (89 VQ-series built + 5 "5th Anniversary")[47]
  • Nitron (50 VP-series built)[48]
  • GTS (130 VP-series built)[49]
  • Statesman SV93 (46 VQ-series built)[50]
  • GTS V6 (VP-series for New Zealand)[40]


  • +Six (58 VP-series built)[51]
  • Formula (67 VP-series built)[52]
  • ClubSport 5000i (50 VP-series built + 50 to New Zealand)[53]
  • ClubSport (1117 VR-series built)[54]
  • ClubSport wagon (77 VR-series built)[55]
  • Maloo (156 VR-series built)[56]
  • Jackaroo (79 built)[24]


  • GTS (277 built)[57]
  • Senator (632 "185i "and 223 "215i" VR-series built)[58]
  • Statesman (48 VR-series built) and Calais (3 "215i" VR-based built)[59]


  • Manta sedan (195 VS-series built to December 1995) and wagon[60]
  • ClubSport (593 VS-series built to December 1995)[61]
  • Maloo (97 VS-series built to December 1995)[62]
  • GTS (158 VS-series built to December 1995)[10]
  • Senator (416 VS-series built to December 1995)[63]
  • Statesman (57 "185i" VS-built to December 1995) and Caprice (7 "215i" VS-series built to December 1995)[64]


  • GTS-R "215i" (85 VS-series built; 1 media car and 9 to New Zealand; option of standard or "Blueprint" engine; all in XU-3 Yellah paint)[65][66]


  • GTS (399 VT-series built; 263 manual and 136 automatic)


  • XU6 (based on Commodore S supercharged)
  • Clubsport
  • Senator Signature
  • Maloo[67] "10th Anniversary" (10, 174 and 10 VT-series sedans and 30 VS Series III utes built)

1999 – SV99 (99 VT Series II built)[68] XU6 (VT Series II; first supercharged V6)[69][70] and XU8 (141 VT-series built; last Australian-made V8[71])[72]

2000 – GTS 300 (117 VT Series II built; 17 exported, 73 in Phantom Black and 27 in Sting Red)[73] Senator 300 (VX-series)[74] 2001 – SV300 (134 VX Series II built; replacing Senator 300)[75] 2002 – Clubsport, Clubsport R8 (105 and 45 VX Series II built, respectively; mostly in Delft Blue paint)[76] and Maloo R8 (25 VU-range built)[77] "15th Anniversary"[78] 2003 – Coupé LE (V2 Series III) 2004 – Clubsport SE (Y-series II)[79][80] Coupé4 (V2 Series III) 2005 – SV6000 (50 Z-series built)[81] Maloo R8 "15th Anniversary" (50 Z-series built; all in Devil Yellow paint to celebrate Maloo anniversary)[82][83] 2006 – Coupé LE and GTO Signature (Z-series)

  • Clubsport R (Z-series for one-make racing series)[84] Clubsport R8 "Holden Racing Team" or "Toll HSV Team" and Senator Signature "Mark Skaife" (50 Z-series of each built)[85] Astra VXR (AH-series; first Vauxhall variant)[86][87]

2007 – Maloo R8 (E-series) Clubsport "20th Anniversary" (100 E-series built; all in Sandstorm paint)[88][89] 2008W427 (137 E-series built) Clubsport R8 and Maloo R8 "Murph Special Edition" (41 sedans and 10 utes for New Zealand only)[90] Senator SV08 (50 VE-series built)

  • Astra VXR Nürburgring (AH-series)[86]

2009 – Senator Limited Edition (89 E-series built; 59 automatic and 30 manual entry-level Senator)[91] 2010 – Clubsport R8 and Maloo R8 "GXP" (750 E Seriess II built; 400 sedans and 350 utes in a choice of six colours)[92][89] 2011 – Clubsport R8 and Maloo R8 SV "Black" (E Series II)[89] Clubsport R8 SV-R ("Response"; 4 yellow E-series III built for Queensland Police) 2012 – GTS "25th Anniverary" (140 E-Series III built; 125 for Australia and 15 for New Zealand)[93] 2013 – GTS (F-series also exported as Vauxhall VXR8) 2014 – GTS Maloo (250 F-series built; 240 for Australia and 10 for New Zealand)[94] 2015 – Senator SV (52 F-Series built; 50 for Australia and 2 for New Zealand)[95], Clubsport R8 "25th Anniversary" (108 F-Series built; 100 for Australia and 8 for New Zealand)[96]

Concept cars[edit]

HRT Maloo utility

Based on the VX HSV Maloo, it was fitted with a new bodykit featuring significantly flared wheel arches to accommodate wider track and 20-inch wheels. The roof was lowered and modifications made to the suspension to produce a "ground hugging" stance. The ute was powered by a LS6 V8 stroked to 6.2 litres (producing 350 kW (469 hp)) with exhaust exiting from the side.[97]

HRT 427
See also: Holden Monaro

Unveiled at the 2002 Sydney Motor Show, the HRT (Holden Racing Team) 427 was based on a modified Holden Monaro bodyshell and, among other things, it featured a 427 cubic inches (7,000 cm3) (7.0-Litre) V8 engine (adapted from the Corvette C5-R) – hence the name. Due to the high cost specifications, the business case for full production failed since Holden could not built the 427 in such limited quantities for the original asking price of A$215,000.[98] In all, only two road and four racing versions were ever built.

See also: Holden Monaro

This concept was unveiled at the 2004 Sydney Motor Show also based on the Monaro bodyshell. Similarities could be drawn with the HRT 427, however, this model was only intended for a one-make racing series and was powered by a modified version of Chevrolet's LS2 V8 engine producing 335 kW (455 PS; 449 hp). This concept, too, never reached production.


GM 6.2-litre Supercharged V8 LSA[edit]

  • Power: 430 kW (585 PS; 577 hp) @ 6000rpm.
  • Torque: 740 N·m (550 lb·ft) @ 4200rpm.

The supercharged 6.2L LSA is similar to the LS9 and debuted in the 2009 CTS-V. The LSA has been SAE certified at 556 bhp (415 kW) at 6100 rpm and 551 lb·ft (747 N·m) at 3800 rpm. GM labels it "the most powerful ever offered in Cadillac's nearly 106-year history". The LSA features a smaller 1.9L capacity supercharger rather than the 2.3 L variant of the LS9. Other differences include a slightly lower 9.0:1 compression ratio, single unit heat exchanger and cast pistons. A 580 bhp (430 kW) and 556 lb·ft (754 N·m) version of the LSA engine is used in the 2012 Camaro ZL1. On 26 April 2013, Holden Special Vehicles announced that this version of the LSA engine will also be used in the GEN-F GTS.

GM 7.0-litre V8 LS7[edit]

  • Power: 375 kW (510 PS; 503 hp) (W427)
  • Torque: 640 N·m (470 lbf·ft) (W427)

This engine was originally used in the sixth-generation Corvette Z06 that was then shipped over for usage in the W427. It made its first appearance in Australia in 2008. The W427 was designed and built to celebrate the 20th anniversary of HSV.

GM 6.2-litre V8 LS3[edit]

  • Power: 317 kW (431 PS; 425 hp) (E Series), 325 kW (442 PS; 436 hp) (E Series II GTS), 340 kW (462 PS, 456 hp) (GEN-F SV Enhanced models)
  • Torque: 550 N·m (410 lb·ft) (E Series), 570 Nm (420 lb ft) (GEN-F SV Enhanced models)

This engine debuted in the E Series. It is a GM built LS3 V8 customized for HSV's usage. The transition from LS2 to LS3 was primarily to meet impending Euro IV emissions requirements being introduced in Australia on 1 January 2009 and to compete against 2008's 315 kW (428 PS; 422 hp) FPV GT.

GM 6.0-litre V8 LS2[edit]

  • Power: 297 kW (404 PS; 398 hp) @ 6000 rpm(Z series), 307 kW (417 PS; 412 hp) (E Series)
  • Torque: 530 N·m (390 lb·ft) @ 4400 rpm (Z series), 550 N·m (410 lb·ft) (E Series)

This engine debuted in the Z series. It is a GM built LS2 V8 customized for HSV's usage. One of the main reasons that this engine was used is that the LS1 V8 does not meet ADR 79/01 (Euro III) emissions regulations. This new engine also has connections to the L76 6.0 Litre used in the VZ and VE Holden Commodores.

GM 5.7-litre V8 LS1[edit]

  • Power: 250 kW (340 PS; 335 hp) (VTII), 255 kW (347 PS; 342 hp) (VX), 260 kW (354 PS; 349 hp) (Y series), 270 kW (367 PS; 362 hp) (AWD models), 285 kW (387 PS; 382 hp) (YII series)
  • Torque: 473 N·m (349 lb·ft) (VTII), 475 N·m (350 lb·ft) (VX),475 N·m (350 lb·ft) (Y series), 510 N·m (380 lb·ft) (YII series)

This motor started its debut in the VTII series of HSV sedans. It produced 250 kW (340 PS; 335 hp) of power – 30 kW (41 PS; 40 hp) more than HSV's previous "Stroker" 5.7 V8 used in the VT. It was a slightly de-tuned version, with 7 kW (10 PS; 9 hp) less than when it was in the two-door sports body of the Corvette. Continuous modifications were made to the LS1 engine throughout its lifetime, reaching 285 kW (387 PS; 382 hp) in the YII series, just 15 kW (20 PS; 20 hp) under the 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) GTS. AWD models such as the Coupé4 retained a similar configuration to other YII series models but were fitted with a more restrictive exhaust system, reducing power to 270 kW (367 PS; 362 hp). The LS1 was phased out for the new 6.0 litre LS2 in the Z Series. However, it was still used in the AWD models of the Z series.

GM 5.7-litre V8 LS1 (C4B)[edit]

  • Power: 300 kW (408 PS; 402 hp) @ 6000 rpm*Torque: 510 N·m (380 lb·ft) @ 4800 rpm A modified version of the LS1 enhanced by Callaway Cars Incorporated, this engine was used on the VTII, VX and Y series of GTS models as well as the SV300. Differences from the LS1 included ported cylinder heads, larger throttle body, revised camshaft, remapped ECU, titanium valve spring retainers, upgraded valve springs and valves. The compression ratio was also lowered slightly to 9.95:1 and the engine ran MAFless. In HSV models, this engine was used with a higher than standard 3.91:1 final drive ratio.

HSV 5.7-litre '350ci Harrop Stroker' V8[edit]

  • Power: 215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) @ 4800 rpm (VR-VS), 220 kW (299 PS; 295 hp) (VT)
  • Torque: 475 N·m (350 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm This motor had its debut in the VR series of HSV sedans. It was a bored and stroked version of the Holden 304ci 5.0 litre and was originally available on the VR Senator and GTS 215i. A Tremec T-56 six-speed manual gearbox option exclusive to this engine was introduced as the then current Borg-Warner T-5 5-speed could not reliably handle the prodigious amounts of torque it produced. The HSV VS GTS-R had the blueprint option to produce more power at around 230 kW (313 PS; 308 hp). The 215i engine was also available on the Grange long-wheelbase model. Its last appearance was in the VT GTS(Series 1). The LS1 replaced it in the VTII series.

Holden 5.0-litre V8[edit]

  • Power: 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) @ 5200 rpm (VL),165 kW (224 PS; 221 hp) (VN SS) 215 kW (292 PS; 288 hp) (VN Group A SS), 200 kW (272 PS; 268 hp) (VP), 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) @ 4800 rpm (VN-VP), 185 kW (252 PS; 248 hp) (VR-VS), 195 kW (265 PS; 261 hp) (VT)
  • Torque: 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) @ 4000 rpm(VL), 411 N·m (303 lb·ft) (VN Group A SS), 410 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm (VN-VP), 400 N·m (300 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm (VN-VS), 430 N·m (320 lb·ft) @ 3600 rpm (VT)

This engine for HSV was available in 2 guises. The twin throttle bodied versions designed for racing use were available in the VL and VN Group A cars from 1988 and 1990 respectively. For the majority of HSV sedans using this capacity motor, the engines were modified versions of the standard EFI Holden V8. Note that there was also a VP equipped Clubsport 5000i that used the remaining 4 bolt main Group A blocks with SV5000 red motor ancillaries. The LS1 replaced it in the VTII series.

  • Additionally:

1. A non-EFI version was fitted to the VL Calais SV88, producing 136 kW (185 PS; 182 hp) @ 4400 rpm and 355 N·m (262 lb·ft) @ 3200 rpm.
2. The VL SS Group A SV Commodore was the first Holden V8 to feature Electronic Fuel Injection.

HSV 3.8-litre supercharged V6[edit]

  • Power: 180 kW (245 PS; 241 hp) @ 5000 rpm
  • Torque: 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) @ 3200 rpm

Available on the VT and VX series HSV XU6. Also only two HSV VX Senators were ever produced with a V6 Supercharged motor. There were several limited VT HSV sedans and wagons with the L67. This engine is a modified version of Holden's supercharged V6 with upgraded air intake and exhaust to boost power from the standard 171 kW (232 PS; 229 hp). Due to the popularity and superior performance of Ford's standard I6 engine, let alone the turbocharged variant, this model was removed from the line-up after the VY series.

VXR 2.0-litre Ecotec-4 Turbo[edit]

  • Power: 177 kW (241 PS; 237 hp) @ 5600 rpm
  • Torque: 320 N·m (240 lb·ft) @ 2400 rpm

This 4-cylinder engine is used in the HSV VXR, a model based on the Vauxhall Astra VXR/Opel Astra OPC.

V8 Supercars[edit]

In 2005 HSV provided sponsorship for the V8 Supercar team formerly known as the Kmart Racing Team. The team adopted HSV Dealer Team as their new name. With Garth Tander and Rick Kelly driving the two cars, the newly renamed team struggled in its first few outings in 2005, they found form later in the season, and from round 1 led the 2006 Championship to victory. Rick Kelly won the 2006 series.. In 2007, Tander and Kelly won 17 races between them out of a possible 37, with Tander winning 15 of them and four round wins, winning the championship along the way. HSVDT also won their second Teams Championship in succession. The team has since been disbanded. HSV's remaining sponsorship is with the Holden Racing Team.


  • The Coupé GTO, in Gen Y II and Gen Z series, was exported to the UK badged as the Vauxhall Monaro VXR. They used the 285 kW (382 hp) LS1 and 298 kW (400 hp) LS2 engines respectively.
  • Since 2007, the Gen E (as followed by the F series) of the Clubsport R8 have been exported to the UK badged as the Vauxhall VXR8. This car has the standard 6 litre LS2 307 kW (417 PS; 412 hp) and 550 N·m (410 lb·ft) but a supercharger kit, which was also available in Australia through Walkinshaw Performance as an option, having around 560 kW (761 PS; 751 hp).
  • The Gen E series Clubsport R8 was also exported to the Middle East as the Chevrolet Special Vehicles CR8 (its CSV badge not to be confused with the unrelated, but still Holden Commodore-based, Corsa Special Vehicles brand).
  • The HSV models are also exported to Singaporean market, and sold by Harvest Automobiles. This revived Holden's export to Singaporean market after 2 decades of withdrawal.[99]


HSV's direct but relatively less successful rival has Ford Australia through its various performance arms, namely Ford Tickford Experience (TVE) from 1999, and Ford Performance Vehicles (FPV) from 2002 to 2014, with their production of modified Ford Falcon-based cars. Another rival, albeit on a smaller scale,[100] has been Corsa Specialised Vehicles (CSV – not to be confused with HSV's exports badged Chevrolet Special Vehicles in some markets) with its Commodore-based high performance cars that included the CSV GTS of 2007. This CSV beat the HSV W427 to the market by being the first Holden vehicle powered by a 7.0L LS7 V8 engine.[101]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hawley, Jonathan; MacLean, Andrew; Nally, Steve; Poppitt, Sean; Robinson, Petter; Stahl, Michael (2007), "2007 Collector's Edition HSV: 20 Years of Aussie Muscle", Wheels magazine (Australian Consolidated Press): 146 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "Fully loaded". Wheels: 19. October 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "VL Calais SV 88". Pascale.customer.netspace.net.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  5. ^ a b "VL Commodore F20 SV". Pascale.customer.netspace.net.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  6. ^ [2][dead link]
  7. ^ http://australiancar.reviews/reviews.php#!content=review&make=HSV&model=Group%20A&gen=1003
  8. ^ a b http://www.motoring.com.au/reviews/2005/large-passenger/holden-special-vehicles/commodore/hsv-vn-group-a-ss-3658
  9. ^ "HSV further protects the investment of its owners with new VS upgrade". Pascale.customer.netspace.net.au. 1996-07-12. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  10. ^ a b "VS GTS". Pascale.customer.netspace.net.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  11. ^ "X marks the Hot". Wheels: 1. October 1997. 
  12. ^ "X marks the Hot". Motor (Melbourne): 54. May 2001. 
  13. ^ "HSV Gen-F / HSV Classics". Hsv.com.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  14. ^ [3][dead link]
  15. ^ http://www.carpoint.com.au/print.aspx?TabID=500945&R=1994414&ModID=1001879
  16. ^ "News Archives". Hsv.com.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  17. ^ The Motor Report, HSV Reveals Full E Series 2 Range.
  18. ^ "HSV Commodore super sedan is Holden's fastest ever". AdelaideNow.com.au. 25 April 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  19. ^ "HSV". Dangerfieldonline.com. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  20. ^ a b c "HSV special feature: Batmobile or plastic pig? (1988–1989)". Drive.com.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  21. ^ "VL SS Group A". Pascale.customer.netspace.net.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  22. ^ "Very rare VL F-20 for sale. John Harveys car". Hsvforum.com.au. 2011-08-19. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  23. ^ "VL F20 – Spec File (Photos Included)". Walkinshaw.net. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  24. ^ a b "HSV Specials". Pascale.customer.netspace.net.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  25. ^ "VN SV 3800". Pascale.customer.netspace.net.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  26. ^ "VN SV89". Pascale.customer.netspace.net.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  27. ^ "#1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations". AustralianCar.Reviews. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  28. ^ "VN SV 5000". Pascale.customer.netspace.net.au. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  29. ^ VN HSV 8 Plus
  30. ^ www.VNCommodore.com Support Forums - SV - T30 info
  31. ^ VN Club Sport
  32. ^ VQ Statesman SV90
  33. ^ VG HSV Maloo Ute
  34. ^ VN SS Group A
  35. ^ VN SV91
  36. ^ VP SV 91
  37. ^ VQ Statesman 5000i
  38. ^ Any Info on VN HSV T30???
  39. ^ http://www.vncommodores.com/forum/topic.asp?ARCHIVE=true&TOPIC_ID=2261
  40. ^ a b (1991-1993) VP/VG/VQ (Series II)
  41. ^ VP Club Sport
  42. ^ VP Sport Wagon
  43. ^ VP Maloo Ute
  44. ^ Vp Hsv+Six
  45. ^ VP Senator
  46. ^ VP Senator 5000i
  47. ^ VQ Statesman 5000i
  48. ^ VP Nitron
  49. ^ VP GTS
  50. ^ VQ Statesman SV93
  51. ^ VP HSV+SIX (93)
  52. ^ VP Formula
  53. ^ VP Club Sport 5000i
  54. ^ VR ClubSport
  55. ^ VR ClubSport Wagon
  56. ^ VR Maloo Ute
  57. ^ VR GTS
  58. ^ VR Senator
  59. ^ VR Statesman & Caprice
  60. ^ VS Manta
  61. ^ VS ClubSport
  62. ^ VS Maloo Ute
  63. ^ VS Senator
  64. ^ VS Statesman/Caprice
  65. ^ Past Blast: 1996 VS HSV GTS-R | PerformanceDrive
  66. ^ Rel_4
  67. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  68. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  69. ^ HSV special feature: A wagon and a six-cylinder HSV (1997-1998)
  70. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  71. ^ HSV's New XU8 - Limited Edition
  72. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  73. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  74. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  75. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  76. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  77. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  78. ^ HSV 15h Anniversary
  79. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  80. ^ HSV Clubsport SE - Ultimatecarpage.com forums
  81. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  82. ^ HSV Gen-F / Press and Media
  83. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  84. ^ http://forums.v8owners.com.au/showthread.php/walkinshaw-hsv-clubsport-1989.html
  85. ^ Hsv News
  86. ^ a b HSV Astra VXR Nurburgring
  87. ^ AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  88. ^ Two gifts for HSV?s 20th birthday: Car News | CarsGuide
  89. ^ a b c AustralianCar.Reviews: #1 for Reviews and Used Car Valuations
  90. ^ HSV honours `Murph' with limited run | Drivesouth New & Used Cars , Motoring News , Reviews
  91. ^ 2009 HSV Senator Limited Edition at MIMS
  92. ^ HSV GXP - motoring.com.au
  93. ^ HSV Gen-F / HSV Classics
  94. ^ HSV Gen-F / Press and Media
  95. ^ HSV reveals limited edition Senator
  96. ^ http://www.caradvice.com.au/364350/hsv-clubsport-r8-gets-25th-anniversary-limited-edition-special/
  97. ^ Untitled Document
  98. ^ "Prototypes and Concept Cars > Holden HRT 427". Hot Rods Down Under. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  99. ^ "HSV revives Holden exports to Singapore". carsales.com.au. 
  100. ^ "Motor Mouth". Motor: 9. November 1999. 
  101. ^ "CSV GTS LS7". Wheels. Motoring.com.au. December 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 

External links[edit]