H Street (Washington, D.C.)
|Length||3.8 mi (6.1 km)|
|Location||Northwest and Northeast, Washington, D.C.|
|West end||New Hampshire Avenue in Foggy Bottom|
Pennsylvania Avenue in Downtown|
New York Avenue in Penn Quarter
US 1 / US 50 (6th Street) in Penn Quarter
Massachusetts Avenue in Judiciary Square
North Capitol Street in NoMa
US 1 Alt. / Florida Avenue / Benning Road at Starburst Plaza
H Street is a set of east-west streets in several of the quadrants of Washington, D.C. It is also used as an alternate name for the Near Northeast neighborhood, as H Street NW/NE is the neighborhood's main commercial strip.
In the 19th century, H Street around North Capitol was the center of a small settlement called Swampoodle which became an entire neighborhood by the 1850s. It played an important role in the construction of Washington, D.C. by providing the workforce needed to build projects such as Union Station.
H Street was separated in two with the railway track where it intersected with Delaware Avenue when Union Station started to be built in 1907. This split created distinct neighborhoods east and west of the railway which have grown independently. In 1902, it was originally planned that H street NE would be cut for 600 feet (180 m) at Delaware Avenue. Thanks to involvement of the Northeast Washington Citizens' Association, the plan was changed to having a 750-foot (230 m) tunnel built to retain the connection between the two sides of the track.
The H Street NE/NW neighborhood was one of Washington's earliest and busiest commercial districts, and was the location of the first Sears Roebuck store in Washington. H Street NE went into decline after World War II and businesses in the corridor were severely damaged during the 1968 riots. This part of the street did not start to recover until the 21st century.
In 2002, the District of Columbia Office of Planning initiated a community-based planning effort to help revitalize the H Street NE corridor. Because it is nearly 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long, the resulting H Street NE Strategic Strategic Development Plan divided H Street into three districts: the Urban Living district (between 2nd and 7th Streets NE), the Central Retail District (between 7th and 12th Streets NE), and the Arts and Entertainment District (between 12th and 15th Streets NE).
In the mid-2000s, the Arts and Entertainment District began to revitalize as a nightlife district. The Atlas Theater, a Moderne-style 1930s movie theater that had languished since the 1968 riots—was refurbished as a dance studio and performance space where Mosaic Theater Company of DC and Step Afrika! are in residence, and is now the anchor of what is now being called the Atlas District. Live music venues, such as the Red and the Black and the Rock & Roll Hotel; and restaurants and bars such as the Argonaut, Dangerously Delicious Pies, Showbar Presents the Palace of Wonders, the Pug, and Sticky Rice. While several of these venues have since closed or replaced by new businesses, as of the summer of 2020, the Pie Shop, the Pug, and Sticky Rice are still popular in the neighborhood.
H Street NE rapidly re-developed after 2007. The same forces that led to the redevelopment of the neighboring NoMa neighborhood acted on the H St NE neighborhood The median sales price of houses on or near H Street NW from July to September 2009 was $417,000. H Street NE was voted the sixth-most hipster place in America by Forbes magazine in September 2012. This process of gentrification led to tensions with some previous residents, who felt that they were becoming less welcome as the neighborhood changed and worried about being priced out.
As H Street NE continued to develop, its annual neighborhood festival, the H St Festival has grown into the largest neighborhood celebration in the city. It is often chronicled in DC news outlets such as these articles from 2008 2010 2016 2017 2018 2019.
H Street NW
In Northwest Washington, H Street is the main street in Chinatown and one of the major east-west streets downtown. When Pennsylvania Avenue in front of the White House was closed to vehicular traffic in the 1990s, crosstown traffic that had formerly used Pennsylvania Avenue was rerouted to H and I streets. The street also passes Lafayette Park and through the George Washington University campus and the Foggy Bottom neighborhood before terminating at Rock Creek.
H Street NE
In Northeast Washington, H Street continues uninterrupted from North Capitol Street (crossing over train tracks just north of Union Station on the "Hopscotch Bridge") to 15th Street NE, where it terminates in what is known as the "starburst intersection", where it meets Bladensburg Road, 15th Street, Benning Road, Maryland Avenue, and Florida Avenue.
After this intersection, there is a gap of two blocks where the street is interrupted by Hechinger Mall.[a] H Street continues for a short segment between 17th and 24th Streets NE as part of the Carver Langston neighborhood. The road does not continue east of the Anacostia River.
The H Street Corridor is the part running from 2nd Street NE to Starburst Plaza and is also known as the Atlas District and Near Northeast. It includes the part north of H Street NE to Florida Ave NE and south to F Street NE. The second portion of H Street (after Starburst Plaza) is not considered part of the H Street Corridor.
Some of the significant buildings included:
- 1872: the Home for the Aged Men and Women on H Street NE between 2nd and 3rd Street NE.
- 1897: the Northeast Temple and Market at 1119-1123 H Street NE, an indoor marketplace and a Masonic Temple. The first buildings electrified on H Street NE. It was demolished and replaced by another smaller building.
- 1913: the Apollo Theater at 624-634 H Street NE. It was replaced by the Ourisman Chevrolet Service Center. Today, the "Apollo" building stands there.
- 1938: the Atlas Theater at 1313-33 H Street NE. A former movie theater repurposed as a Performing Art Center. This building was an important part in the revitalization of the neighborhood.
H Streets SW and SE
The city plan on which D.C. was laid out provides for a parallel H Street in the southwest and southeast quadrants of the city. Subsequent government actions, most notably the construction of I-395/I-295, disconnected the southern H Street in several places. In its current form, it does not run consecutively for more than two blocks at any point except for its easternmost extremity, near Fort Dupont Park.
Notable residents who lived on H Street include:
- George B. McClellan, on the south side, between 4th and 5th Streets NW (now occupied by the Government Accountability Office)
- Phil Radford, Greenpeace Executive Director
- Mary Surratt, near the southwest corner of Sixth Street NW (now occupied by Wok N Roll restaurant)
- Anthony A. Williams, D.C. mayor from 1999 to 2007
- Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, wife of Alexander Hamilton
- Jewel Lewis-Hall, owner of the famous Michael Jackson house
- Google (March 9, 2019). "H Street (Washington, D.C.)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
- Pictures of the city of Washington in the past, Samuel C. Busey, MD, LL.D., 1898
- Department of Transportation Headquarters: Environmental Impact Statement, GSA June 2000
- Plans for Union Depot - January 10, 1902 - The Washington Post - page 12
- Against Union Depot: Northeast Citizens' Association Condemns Project - January 14, 1902 - The Washington Post - page 2
- Talked of Railroad Matters: Northeast Citizens' Association Discussed Proposed New Union Depot - The Washington Post - page 2
- Flock, Elizabeth (July 23, 2011). "H Street Corridor: A Work in Progress". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Wellborn, Mark (October 24, 2009). "A Place to Party – and to Settle Down". The Washington Post. p. 1F. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "In Washington's NoMa, a Trendy Name and High Hopes". NY Times. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
- Brennan, Morgan (September 20, 2012). "America's Hippest Hipster Neighborhoods". Forbes. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Schwartzman, Paul (April 4, 2006). "Whose H Street Is It, Anyway?". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- Kearny, Ryan; Binckes, Jeremy (July 25, 2011). "H Street Gentrification and Revitalization Is An Old Story". WJLA-TV. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- "About Us – H Street Festival". Retrieved May 23, 2020.
- Bernard, Elise. "Looking Back on the Festival". Frozen Tropics. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
- "PHOTOS: H St Festival ⋆ BYT // Brightest Young Things". BYT // Brightest Young Things. September 21, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
- "H Street Festival 2016 Photos". BYT // Brightest Young Things. September 19, 2016. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
- "H Street Festival Photos 2017". BYT // Brightest Young Things. September 18, 2017. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
- "Photos: H Street Festival". BYT // Brightest Young Things. October 15, 2018. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
- "H Street Festival 2019 - Photos ⋆ BYT // Brightest Young Things". BYT // Brightest Young Things. September 25, 2019. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
- "Photos: The Country's First Signing Starbucks Opens On H Street NE". Retrieved May 23, 2020.
- Neibauer, Michael (September 29, 2014). "New Gateway to H Street NE? Mixed-Use Building Proposed for Site Next to Starburst Intersection". Washington Business Journal. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- United States Congress 1895, p. 220.
- "Removed to Other Graveyards". The Washington Post. November 11, 1897. p. 9; Brown, Merrill (September 30, 1979). "Mall Seen As Stimulus For H Street". The Washington Post. p. K3; Simpson, Anna (February 20, 1986). "Cemeteries Give History Lessons: Ex-Policeman Slowly Rebuilds D.C.'s Past". The Washington Post. p. MD5.
- Edleson, Harriet (July 4, 2014). "The H Street NE corridor is reborn". Retrieved January 10, 2018 – via www.WashingtonPost.com.
- "Building Permits", The Evening Star, April 2, 1913
- "REMEMBERING THE KING OF POP, CAPITOL HILL STYLE". The Hill is Home. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
- Siddiqui, Faiz. "One of Michael Jackson's biggest fans paid tribute to him until the day she died". Retrieved May 16, 2020.
- United States Congress (1895). The Statutes at Large of the United States of America From August, 1893, to March, 1895, and Recent Treaties, Conventions, and Executive Proclamations. Volume 28. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.