Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway

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Haakon
Crown Prince of Norway
Crown Prince Haakon of Norway 2012-03-26 001.jpg
Haakon of Norway in March 2012
Born (1973-07-20) 20 July 1973 (age 47)
The National Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Spouse
(m. 2001)
Issue
Names
Haakon Magnus
HouseGlücksburg[1]
FatherHarald V of Norway
MotherSonja Haraldsen
ReligionChurch of Norway

Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈhòːkʊn]; Haakon Magnus; born 20 July 1973) is the only son of King Harald V and Queen Sonja, and heir apparent to the throne of Norway.

In 2001, Haakon married Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby with whom he has two children: Princess Ingrid Alexandra and Prince Sverre Magnus. He has an older sister, Princess Märtha Louise. In accordance with Norway's agnatic primogeniture succession, Haakon became crown prince when his father ascended the throne on 17 January 1991 upon the death of his grandfather Olav V.

The Skaugum Estate, situated in the area of Semsvannet, is the official residence of the Crown Prince and Crown Princess.[2]

Family and early life[edit]

Haakon was born on 20 July 1973 at The National Hospital in St. Hanshaugen, Oslo, the only son and younger child of Crown Prince Harald and Crown Princess Sonja. His father was the son of the reigning Norwegian monarch, King Olav V. At birth he was named Haakon Magnus, and it was stressed in the announcement that he would go by the name Haakon.[3] He was named in honor of his paternal great-grandfather, King Haakon VII, and his maternal uncle Haakon Haraldsen. When Haakon was only 17, his grandfather Olav died on 17 January 1991, leading to the ascension of his father as King Harald V and himself as crown prince.

Haakon has one sibling, Princess Märtha Louise of Norway (born 1971). In 1990, the Norwegian constitution was altered, granting absolute primogeniture to the Norwegian throne, meaning that the eldest child, regardless of gender, takes precedence in the line of succession. This was not, however, done retroactively (as, for example, Sweden had done in 1980), meaning that Haakon continues to take precedence over his older sister.

Education and military[edit]

Haakon served in the Royal Norwegian Navy, where he undertook his first-level officer's education at the Norwegian Naval Academy, followed with a year aboard missile torpedo boats and navy vessels.

He attended and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of California, Berkeley in 1999.[4] Haakon later attended lectures at the University of Oslo and took the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs' civil servant introductory course in 2001. He completed his education in 2003 at the London School of Economics, where he was awarded an MSc in development studies, specializing in international trade and Africa.

As of 15 November 2013, in the Royal Norwegian Navy his officer rank is Admiral, and in the Norwegian Army and the Royal Norwegian Air Force his rank is General.[5]

Marriage and children[edit]

Haakon married a commoner and single mother Mette-Marit Tjessem Høiby on 25 August 2001, at Oslo Cathedral. Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark was the best man. When the engagement between Crown Prince Haakon and Høiby was announced, many Norwegians felt that his choice of wife was inappropriate.[6] This was primarily about her being a single mother, but information concerning her involvement in the rave scene in Oslo, which included a significant drug-subculture, also added to the controversy.[7] In addition, the father of her child was convicted of drug-related offences.[6] In a heartfelt press conference before the wedding the bride explained her past, saying among other things that her youthful rebelliousness might have been stronger than most young people.[6] The issue of Mette-Marit's past was an ongoing discussion in Norwegian public discourse in the early years after their engagement and marriage.

The couple have two children together: Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway (born 21 January 2004 at Oslo University National Hospital in Oslo) and Prince Sverre Magnus (born 3 December 2005 in Oslo University National Hospital in Oslo). Haakon is also the stepfather to Mette-Marit's son Marius Borg Høiby.

Activities[edit]

Haakon with then-Brazilian Vice President Michel Temer at the Itamaraty Palace in Brasília, Brazil, 16 November 2015.

From 25 November 2003 to 12 April 2004, Haakon was regent during the King's treatment for cancer and the subsequent convalescence period. Likewise, Haakon was Regent from 29 March 2005 until the King had fully recovered from the heart surgery he underwent on 1 April. This period ended on 7 June.

In addition to his official duties, Haakon has a strong interest in cultural matters. He also has given patronage to a number of organisations. In 2006, Haakon was one of three founders of Global Dignity, alongside Pekka Himanen and John Hope Bryant.[8] Global Dignity is an independent, non-political organization that, according to their guiding principles, seeks to help people "fill their dreams and potential in life" and promotes "the belief that everyone deserves to live a life of dignity." Members of the organization include entrepreneurs Sir Richard Branson and Sandro Salsano.[9]

In 2003, the Crown Prince was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).[8] In 2013, Crown Prince Haakon established the SIKT conference.[8] The Crown Prince attends the annual conference of the Confederation of Norwegian Enterprise (NHO), and met the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) for an introduction in the Tripartite cooperation in 2016.[10]

Crown Prince Haakon was a member of the Young Global Leaders network from 2005 until 2010. From 2010 until 2017, the Crown Prince served as a member of the Young Global Leaders Foundation Board.[8]

Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit established The Crown Prince and Crown Princess's Foundation.[8] He is a patron of 4H Norge, ANSA, The Ibsen Stage Festival, Nordland Music Festival, and several other organizations.[11]

Personal interests[edit]

Haakon was involved in several sports and seemed to take a particular liking to windsurfing and surfing. However, he has not engaged in serious competitions. Haakon is known as a big music fan. When he was younger, he attended music festivals all over Europe, including the Roskilde Festival in Denmark and the Quart Festival in Kristiansand, Norway.

He has also been part of Olympics ceremonies. In 1994, the Crown Prince and his father played roles during the opening ceremony in Lillehammer: while the King declared the Games opened, the Crown Prince lit the cauldron, paying tribute to his father and grandfather having served as Olympians. In 2016, his daughter Princess Ingrid Alexandra did the same at the II Winter Youth Olympics, which was also held in Lillehammer. In 2010, Haakon attended the opening ceremony of the Winter Olympics in Vancouver.

He accompanied the band Katzenjammer in their recording of the song "Vi tenner våre lykter" (for the 2011 Christmas-themed album of the same name). Proceeds benefited "Their Royal Highnesses The Crown Prince and Crown Princess funds."[12]

Titles, styles, honours and awards[edit]

Titles[edit]

  • 20 July 1973 – 17 January 1991: His Royal Highness Prince Haakon of Norway
  • 17 January 1991 – present: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Norway

Arms[edit]

Honours and medals[edit]

National honours and medals[edit]

Foreign honours[edit]

St Olavs Orden storkors stripe.svg Den kongelige norske fortjenstorden storkors stripe.svg Forsvarsmedaljen med laurbærgren stripe.svg

Kongehusets 100-årsmedalje stripe.svg Olav Vs minnemedalje stripe.svg Olav Vs jubileumsmedalje 1957-1982 stripe.svg

Olav Vs 100-årsmedalje stripe.svg Kong Harald Vs jubileumsmedalje 1991-2016.png Vernedyktighetsmedaljen Sjøforsvaret med 1 stjerne.svg

Norske reserveoffiserers forbunds hederstegn stripe.svg Sjømilitære Samfunds fortjenstmedalje stripe.svg Oslo militære samfunds hederstegn stripe.svg

Awards[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Royal Family". Retrieved 25 October 2014.
  2. ^ The Royal House of Norway – Skaugum Estate
  3. ^ His godparents are King Olav V of Norway, Princess Astrid of Norway, Prince Carl Bernadotte, King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, and Anne, Princess Royal of the United Kingdom.[citation needed]
  4. ^ "Crown Prince Breaks Tradition at Berkeley / Norway's royal son has enrolled at Cal". SFGate. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Hans Kongelige Høyhet Kronprinsen utnevnes til admiral og general". Government.no (in Norwegian). Ministry of Defence. 15 November 2013. Archived from the original on 13 June 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2013.
  6. ^ a b c Hello profile of the Crown Princess[better source needed]
  7. ^ "Crown Prince, and Crown Princess Mette-Marit Haakon". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 31 May 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d e "His Royal Highness Crown Prince Haakon". Norwegian Royal House Official Website. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  9. ^ "Our Story". Global Dignity. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  10. ^ "In focus: Trade, industry and innovation". Norwegian Royal House Official Website. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  11. ^ "Organisations under the patronage of The Crown Prince". Norwegian Royal House Official Website. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  12. ^ Katzenjammer – Vi tenner våre lykter, accessed 26 October 2012.
  13. ^ "Tildeling av Kong Harald Vs jubileumsmedalje 1991–2016". Kongehuset (in Norwegian). Retrieved 20 January 2016.
  14. ^ [1] – website typischich.at
  15. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (PDF) (in German). p. 1811. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  16. ^ "Modtagere af danske dekorationer". Kongehuset (in Danish). 12 December 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  17. ^ Official website of the President of Estonia (Estonian)
    • Estonia: Member 1st Class of the ((Order of the White Star))
    Estonian State Decorations – Kroonprints Haakon
  18. ^ "Vabariigi President". www.president.ee. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  19. ^ Noblesse et Royautés Archived 17 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine (French), State visit of President of Finland in Norway, 2012, Photo Archived 17 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ http://www.kongehuset.no/nyhet.html?tid=152550&sek=26939
  21. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica Italiana". www.quirinale.it. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  22. ^ Norwegian Crown Prince website
  23. ^ vestnesis.lv. "Par Norvēģijas Karalistes pavalstnieku apbalvošanu… – Latvijas Vēstnesis". www.vestnesis.lv (in Latvian). Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  24. ^ Lithuanian Presidency Archived 19 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Lithuanian Orders searching form
  25. ^ Photo of a State visit of Lithuania to Norway, March 2011
  26. ^ "Postanowienie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 15 września 2003 r. o nadaniu orderów". prawo.sejm.gov.pl. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  27. ^ Alvará n.º 2/2004. Diário da República n.º 77/2004, Série II de 2004-03-3. p.5092.
  28. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  29. ^ Crown Prince wins Pakistani prize – website Views and News from Norway
  30. ^ a b "National Archives of Norway". Retrieved 21 August 2014.
  31. ^ "National Archives of Norway-listed as Joh. C. Ulrichsen". Retrieved 21 August 2014.
  32. ^ a b "National Archives of Norway". Retrieved 21 August 2014.
  33. ^ a b "Image of Grave Site". Archived from the original on 21 August 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
  34. ^ "National Archives of Norway-listed as Maja Ulrichsen". Retrieved 21 August 2014.

External links[edit]

Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
Born: 20 July 1973
Norwegian royalty
Preceded by
Prince Harald
Crown Prince of Norway
1991–present
Incumbent
Heir:
Princess Ingrid Alexandra
Lines of succession
First in line Line of succession to the Norwegian throne
1st position
Succeeded by
Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway
Preceded by
Harald V of Norway
Line of succession to the British throne
81st position
Succeeded by
Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway
Olympic Games
Preceded by
Antonio Rebollo
Final Olympic torchbearer
Lillehammer 1994
Succeeded by
Muhammad Ali
Preceded by
Michel Platini &
François-Cyrille Grange
Final Winter Olympic torchbearer
Lillehammer 1994
Succeeded by
Midori Ito