Haas Automation

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Haas Automation, Inc.
IndustryCNC Machine Tools, Manufacturing
FounderGene Haas
Number of locations
Area served
  • CNC vertical machining centers
  • CNC horizontal machining centers
  • CNC lathes/turning centers
  • CNC rotary products and indexers
  • 5-axis machining centers
  • Mold making machining centers
  • Toolroom machines
  • Gantry routers
Revenue>$1 billion (2018)[1]
OwnerGene Haas
Number of employees
1,300 (Oxnard HQ, 2018)[1]

Haas Automation, Inc is an American machine tool builder headquartered in Oxnard, California. The company designs and manufactures lower cost machine tools and specialized accessory tooling, mostly computer numerically controlled (CNC) equipment, such as vertical machining centers and horizontal machining centers, lathes/turning centers, and rotary tables and indexers. Most of its products are manufactured at the company's main facility in Oxnard.[1] The company is also involved in motorsports: it owns the Haas F1 Team and in NASCAR the Stewart-Haas Racing Team. Haas is one of the largest machine tool builders in the world by total unit volume.[2][3][4]


Gene Haas founded Haas Automation in 1983[5] to manufacture machine tool accessory tooling. The company entered the machine tool industry with the first fully automatic, programmable collet indexer.[citation needed] Over the next four years, the company expanded its product line to include fully programmable rotary tables, rotary indexers, and other machine tool accessories.[citation needed]

In 1987, Haas Automation began developing its first vertical machining center (VMC), the VF-1, a machine designed to perform operations such as milling, drilling, tapping, and boring. The first VF-1 prototypes were completed in 1988,[6] and introduced at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS '88) in Chicago, Illinois.[7]

  • 1983: Haas Automation, Inc. established in Sun Valley, CA
  • 1991: Haas moves to larger facilities in Chatsworth, CA
  • 1997: Haas moves to purpose-built facility on 86 acres in Oxnard, CA[8]
  • 2019: Haas purchases 279 acres of land in Henderson, Nevada for $27.4 million to expand its business, planning to build 4.3 million square feet of commercial space with 2.3 million square feet intended for a $327 million manufacturing facility[9]


Small CNC Turning Center

The company manufactures several lines of CNC machine tools for the metalworking industry.

Vertical Mills[edit]

VF Series[edit]

VF series mills are a range of 3-axis vertical machining centers, which can be outfitted with 4th and 5th axis drives if so configured. These mills are available in different sizes, ranging from VF-1 to VF-14.

The VF in the name stands for "Very First" as the first machine Haas produced was the VF-1 ("Very First One"). One of these machines was restored by an employee, gifted to Gene Haas, and now resides in Haas's demo room in Oxnard, CA.

Universal Machines (UMC)[edit]

Haas universal machining centers (known as UMC) are 5-axis bridge-type vertical machines. They were first introduced in 2015.

Mini Mill[edit]

The mini mill was introduced as a small footprint alternative to the VF series mills, featuring a smaller casting while still maintaining a 40 taper spindle.

Toolroom Mills (TM)[edit]

The TM series was first introduced as essentially a "CNC-capable toolroom mill". Originally these mills did not feature an enclosure, but have since been outfitted with an enclosure that encompasses the bottom and sides of the machine. These machines are characterized by a smaller casting and slower rapids, as they are targeted towards customers who do not require production capabilities.

Drill/Tap/Mill Series (DT / DM)[edit]

The Haas DT series was originally introduced as a 30 taper high-speed machine, ideal for operations where high speed and small footprint are required, but the ability to handle large axial cutting loads is not needed. Eventually, the DM series was introduced as a 40 taper variant of the DT machine, but does not offer the 20,000 RPM spindle option.

Compact Mill[edit]

The CM is focused on machining small parts where high accuracy is required. The CM is a 20 taper machine, with spindles from 30,000 to 50,000 RPM. Haas only offers one machine in this series, the CM-1.

Gantry Series (GM / GR)[edit]

Gantry Series mills feature a static bed, a bridge that moves along the Y axis, and a head that moves along the X axis. The two primary use cases for GM series machines are large molds. GM series machines feature a more substantial casting with improved chip management as opposed to the GR series. The GM-2-5AX is also available, which is simply a GM-2 featuring two extra axes affixed to the head.

Other Machines[edit]

  • VM Series machines feature a grid-style table capable of handling more weight than a comparable VF machine.
  • VR Series machines are based on the VF series, but include a special head to allow A and B axis capabilities. VR machines are able to machine larger parts than would be possible on a VF machine outfitted with a 5th axis trunnion, as the head is able to span the entire X and Y axis travel, rather than being constrained by the smaller work envelope of a trunnion.
  • VMT (Vertical Mill Turn) series mills feature an HSK-T/A63 spindle and are capable of performing both milling and turning operations.
  • The VC-400 machine is a pallet-changing vertical mill, based on the design of the EC-400 horizontal mill with a 90 degree head.


Haas Automation is an ISO 9001 certified company. All machine tools carry the ETL Listed mark, certifying that they conform to the NFPA 79 electrical standard for industrial machinery and the Canadian equivalent, CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 73.[citation needed] The company is also entitled to affix the CE mark to its products.[citation needed]


Products are distributed worldwide through a network of independently owned franchised local "factory outlet" businesses that provide sales, service, and applications support for Haas machine tools. Introduced in 1999, with the first outlet established in Torrance, California, it was applied to the company's existing worldwide network,[10] and then expanded to Europe.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Haas Automation Board Packet" (PDF). Diversify Nevada. 2019-06-27.
  2. ^ "Haas's 2006 production makes it world leader". Tooling & production. Nelson Publishing. 1 March 2007.
  3. ^ "2007 was good to Haas". Modern Applications News. Nelson Publishing. 1 April 2008.
  4. ^ Michael P Collins (1 February 2008). "Behind the Haas phenomenon: the philosophy of California company has redefined what's successful in a new manufacturing century". Tooling & Production. Nelson Publishing.
  5. ^ "Inside the future of a machine tool builder". Tooling & Production. Nelson Publishing. 1 April 2000.
  6. ^ "HAAS VF-1 Model". CNC Machine VF-1. Retrieved 26 Sep 2020.
  7. ^ Stanley J Modic (1 December 1991). "Gene Haas keeps entrepreneurial spirit alive". Tooling & Production. Nelson Publishing.
  8. ^ "Ground broken in Oxnard for $20 million Haas headquarters; private-public teamwork cited". Business Wire. 20 March 1996.
  9. ^ "Machine tool builder buys 279 acres in Henderson". Las Vegas Review-Journal. 2019-11-20. Retrieved 2020-07-12.
  10. ^ "Haas Expands `Factory Outlet' Concept". Metalworking Insider's Report. Gardner Publications, Inc. 7 October 1999.
  11. ^ "Haas sets sights on Europe". Nelson Publishing. Retrieved 8 May 2013.