Habakkuk 1

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Habakkuk 1
← Nahum 3
Habakkuk Pesher.png
The beginning of Habakkuk Commentary, 1QpHab, among the Dead Sea Scrolls from the 1st century BC.
BookBook of Habakkuk
CategoryNevi'im
Christian Bible partOld Testament
Order in the Christian part35

Habakkuk 1 is the first chapter of the Book of Habakkuk in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.[1][2] This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet Habakkuk, and is a part of the Book of the Twelve Minor Prophets.[3][4] This chapter and the next form a unit, which Sweeney sees as "a report of a dialogue between the prophet and YHWH" about the fate of Judah[5] which the biblical scholars, such as F. F. Bruce, label as "the oracle of Habakkuk".[6]

Text[edit]

The original text was written in Hebrew language. This chapter is divided into 17 verses.

Textual witnesses[edit]

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter in Hebrew language are found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, i.e., 1QpHab, known as the "Habakkuk Commentary" (later half of the 1st century BC),[7] and of the Masoretic Text tradition, which includes Codex Cairensis (895 CE), the Petersburg Codex of the Prophets (916), Aleppo Codex (10th century), Codex Leningradensis (1008).[8] Fragments containing parts of this chapter in Hebrew were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, that is, Wadi Murabba'at Minor Prophets (Mur88; MurXIIProph; 75-100 CE) with extant verses 3–13, 15.[9][10]

There is also a translation into Koine Greek known as the Septuagint, made in the last few centuries BC. Extant ancient manuscripts of the Septuagint version include Codex Vaticanus (B; B; 4th century), Codex Sinaiticus (S; BHK: S; 4th century), Codex Alexandrinus (A; A; 5th century) and Codex Marchalianus (Q; Q; 6th century).[11] Fragments containing parts of this chapter in Greek were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, that is, Naḥal Ḥever 8Ḥev1 (8ḤevXIIgr; late 1st century BCE) with extant verses 5–11, 14–17.[9][12]

Verse 1[edit]

The burden which Habakkuk the prophet did see. (KJV)[13]

This verse serves as a "superscription" for the prophecies recording in Habakkuk 1:2-2:20, whereas chapter 3 has a separate superscription in Habakkuk 3:1.[5]

Verse 8[edit]

Their horses also are swifter than the leopards, and are more fierce than the evening wolves: and their horsemen shall spread themselves, and their horsemen shall come from far; they shall fly as the eagle that hasteth to eat.[15]

Verse 8 in Hebrew[edit]

Masoretic Text

וְקַלּוּ מִנְּמֵרִים סוּסָיו וְחַדּוּ מִזְּאֵבֵי עֶרֶב וּפָשׁוּ פָּֽרָשָׁיו וּפָֽרָשָׁיו מֵרָחֹוק יָבֹאוּ יָעֻפוּ כְּנֶשֶׁר חָשׁ לֶאֱכֹֽול׃

Transliteration:

veqalu min'merim susav vekhadu miz'evey 'erev ufasyu parasyav ufarasyav merakhoq yavou yaufu kenesyer khasy le'ekhol

Verse 8 notes[edit]

  • Sweeney notes that this verse describes the "menacing Babylonian cavalry" with fast and fearsome horses as well as their skillful horsemen.[5]
  • Wolves is translated from the Hebrew: זְאֵב ze'ev (scientific name: Canis lupus), in particular, "evening wolves".[16][17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Collins 2014, p. 349.
  2. ^ Hayes 2015, 18. Judean Prophets: Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Jeremiah.
  3. ^ Metzger, Bruce M., et al. The Oxford Companion to the Bible. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  4. ^ Keck, Leander E. 1996. The New Interpreter's Bible: Volume: VII. Nashville: Abingdon.
  5. ^ a b c Sweeney, Marvin A. The Twelve Prophets (Vol.2): Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi. Berit Olam – Studies in Hebrew Narrative & Poetry. David W. Cotter (ed.). Michael Glazier, 2000. p. 453-469. ISBN 978-0814650912
  6. ^ Bruce 2009, p. 831-840.
  7. ^ Bernstein, Moshe J. "Pesher Habakkuk." Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, p.647
  8. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 35-37.
  9. ^ a b Dead sea scrolls - Habakkuk
  10. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, pp. 140-141.
  11. ^ Würthwein 1995, pp. 73-74.
  12. ^ Fitzmyer 2008, p. 127.
  13. ^ Habakkuk 1:1
  14. ^ Bruce 2009, p. 841-842.
  15. ^ Habakkuk 1:8
  16. ^ Brown, 1994 & "זְאֵב".
  17. ^ Gesenius, 1979 & "זְאֵב".

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Historic manuscripts
Jewish translations
Christian translations
Further information