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Habenaria marginata (Golden Yellow Habenaria) W IMG 1983.jpg
Habenaria marginata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Orchideae
Genus: Habenaria

Over 800, see text

Habenaria, commonly called bog orchids, are a far ranging genus of orchids in the tribe Orchideae.[2] There are approximately 800-1000 species of Habenaria, native to every continent except Antarctica, in both tropical and temperate zones.[3]


Habenaria species have small to large underground root tubers and erect stems 20 to 80 cm (8 to 31 in) in length. Leaves are lanceolate or ovate, and are borne either along the stem (cauline) or only at the base (basal). When basal, leaves lie flat on the ground. Flowers are mostly green, white, yellow and green, or white and green, but a few exceptions have brilliant red flowers. The column is frequently complicated, with long organs sticking out of it (stigma processes, lateral rostellum arms, anther canals). The plant is a perennial deciduous, with the entire above-ground part of the plant dying back each year.

Selected species[edit]

Formerly placed here[edit]


  1. ^ "Habenaria Willd". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-10-01. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Genus Habenaria". Taxonomy. UniProt. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ *Habenaria floribunda Lindl. PLANTS Profile at USDA PLANTS Database
  5. ^ "Habenaria". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  6. ^ a b "Species Records of Habenaria". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-07-09. 

External links[edit]