Sydney, New South Wales
|Population||6,480 (SAL 2021)|
|Elevation||21 m (69 ft)|
|Location||6.4 km (4 mi) west of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||Inner West Council|
|State electorate(s)||Summer Hill|
Haberfield is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Haberfield is located 6.5 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the Inner West Council.
Haberfield sits south of Iron Cove, which is part of Sydney Harbour. It is bounded to the east by the Hawthorne Canal, to the northwest by the Iron Cove Creek canal and to the southwest by Parramatta Road. Its main road is Ramsay Street and the point of land that faces Iron Cove, Dobroyd Point, is a historical locality of Sydney. Haberfield was dubbed "the garden suburb" in the early 20th century and retains its well-kept parks, tree-lined streets and fine Federation-era houses with immaculate gardens. The entire suburb is heritage-listed. It is also known for its Italian culture.
Haberfield was named by early landholder Richard Stanton, after the financial benefactor of his wife's family; Lord Haberfield. Stantons wife's maiden name was Nichols.
The area which comprises Haberfield was part of the broader area in which lived people from the Darug tribe known variously as the Wangals or Cadigals from the Eora nation. The modern-day Hawthorne Canal is believed to be the border between these two tribes. There is no specific evidence of indigenous settlement in the area. However, the area that is now Haberfield was one of the last areas in the inner-west to be developed and so, in the late 19th century, it again became a home to local kooris.
Nicholas Bayly, a soldier, received the first land grant in the area in 1803 but sold it two years later to Simeon Lord who called it Dobroyde Estate. Lord gave the land to his daughter Sarah Ann and her new husband David Ramsay as a wedding present in 1825 and it stayed in the hands of the Ramsay family until the end of the century. The Ramsays developed orchards in the area and built a number of fine houses for various members of the family including Yasmar (Ramsay spelt backwards) and St David's Presbyterian church. They also created four of the suburb's current streets: Ramsay Street, Dalhousie Street (named after the Ramsay's historic home in Scotland), Boomerang Street and Waratah Street.
In 1901, landholder Richard Stanton bought 50 acres (200,000 m2) from two Ramsay children and subdivided the area to create a garden suburb. Sydney had recently suffered outbreaks of the bubonic plague in overcrowded parts of the inner city and the garden suburb movement was a response to that, encouraging fresh air. He also claimed the development to be "slumless, laneless and publess". The houses were designed by the architectural firm Spencer, Stansfield and Wormald. Stanton named the suburb 'Haberfield', after the English branch of his family. The fact that the development started in 1901 and a number of the early streets were named after prominent federal politicians has led to the suburb also being known as 'The Federation Suburb'.
The majority of houses in Haberfield are protected under a 'heritage order', which is the main reason why so many original Victorian and Federation houses still exist in the area. Renovations and additions to both houses and properties must follow strict guidelines ensuring they stay true to the era's style. Some examples of rules include: banning the addition of second storeys unless in the existing roof space, banning the demolishing of any protected houses, ensuring a 50:50 ratio of 'hard surface' to 'soft surface' on the property, ensuring house exteriors are painted in federation colours. Houses must also have a roof consisting of terracotta or slate tiles.
One notable landmark is Yasmar, at 185 Parramatta Road. Formerly known as Yasmar Hostel, this building was built circa 1870 of dressed stone, with a verandah and iron columns. It also features French windows and extensive cedar joinery, and is set in a lush garden. It was later part of Yasmar Juvenile Centre and is listed on the Register of the National Estate.
Haberfield has a heritage association to help residents maintain their heritage properties.
A proposal was made by McDonald's to build a drive-thru outlet on Parramatta Road in Haberfield in 2011. This was fiercely opposed by a group of local residents who wanted to preserve the suburb's "cultural and architectural heritage." The development application was rejected by Ashfield Council in 2009, however McDonald's appealed to the Land and Environment Court of New South Wales and the appeal was upheld in 2011, but with modifications to the proposed building. Following the opening of McDonald's in Haberfield, there were complaints about odours coming from the site in 2012 and 2013.
Haberfield has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- 51- 53 Dalhousie Street: St David's Uniting Church
- 16 Deakin Avenue: Derrylyn
- 185 Parramatta Road: Yasmar
- 5 Rogers Avenue: The Bunyas
- 11 St Davids Road: St. David's Road Depot
Haberfield also has a strong Italian influence, which is most evident in the local shops along Ramsay Street, close to the intersection with Dalhousie Street. These include a hand made pasta shop, a traditional Italian bakery, traditional and contemporary Italian pastry shops and gelaterias, and Italian delicatessens and butchers, as well as many Italian cafes, coffee shops and restaurants. The primary supermarket in Haberfield is IGA Lamonica which also has a well-stocked delicatessen inside. Many of the shops in Haberfield have received various awards for their quality.
Haberfield has three primary schools but no high schools. Two of the schools are state run: Haberfield Public School on the corner of Bland Street Denman avenue and Dobroyd Point Public School on Waratah Street. The third is the St Joan of Arc Catholic School on Dalhousie Street opposite St Joan of Arc Church.
The Inner West Light Rail skirts the suburb's eastern border with Leichhardt. Because of this, none of the three stops serving Haberfield are centrally located within the suburb. Hawthorne (near Barton Avenue) and Marion (near Marion Street) are the primary stops serving Haberfield. Taverners Hill (near Parramatta Road) is in the south-east corner of the suburb at the southern border with Summer Hill and the south-eastern border with Lewisham, in addition to the border with Leichhardt. The service offers a direct link to Pyrmont and Darling Harbour and provides interchanges with Lewisham railway station on the Inner West & Leppington Line and Dulwich Hill railway station on the Bankstown Line.
Bus routes 461 (from the city down Parramatta Rd), 406 (from either Five Dock or Hurlstone Park through Dalhousie St), 438 (from city or Abbotsford via Ramsay St) and 439 (from city or Mortlake via Ramsay St) serve the suburb.
Summer Hill railway station, on the T2 Inner West & Leppington Line is close to the suburbs southern border. Five Dock railway station on the Sydney Metro West rapid transit line will serve the neighbouring suburb of Five Dock.
At the 2016 census, there were 6,457 residents in Haberfield. The population was older than average, with a median age of 44 and with 19.6% of people aged 65 and over. 66.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were Italy 12.7% and England 2.8%. The most common responses for religion in the census were Catholic 47.5% and No Religion 25.2%. 64.8% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Italian 20.7% and Greek 2.1%.
The following people were either born in, or lived in, Haberfield:
- Norman Allan (1901–1977), NSW police commissioner from 1962–1972
- Bronwyn Oliver (1959–2006), sculptor
- Richard Glover
- Ellen Fanning (moved elsewhere about 2016)
- Odette (attended Haberfield public school)
- Mia Simos (attended St Joan of Arc) (major slay)
Haberfield has four historical churches in Dalhousie Street: St Oswalds Anglican Church, Saint Joan of Arc Catholic Church, St Davids Uniting Church, Haberfield Baptist Church.
Saint Joan of Arc Catholic Church
St Oswalds Anglican Church
St Davids Uniting Church
About 1500 houses were constructed in this and adjoining areas to designs by architects J Spencer Stansfeld and D Wormald, to Federation or Bungalow styles.
Haberfield espoused the philosophy of the Garden Suburb with its gardens containing distinctive planting, fences, gates and curving tiled paths. Houses in Haberfield were typically 'detached' double-brick dwellings situated on their own block of land measuring 50' x 150' (15 m x 45 m). No two houses were alike, although there were many common themes throughout the suburb. The roofs were either slate or Marseilles tile. All had front verandahs. Decorative features typically used in this area include leadlight windows depicting Australian flora and fauna, Art Nouveau timber detailing and tuckpointed brickwork.
Houses listed under the NSW Heritage Act:
- Bunyas, 5 Rogers Avenue, Haberfield
- Derrylyn, 16 Deakin Avenue, Haberfield
- Yasmar, 185 Parramatta Road, Haberfield
Derrylyn, 16 Deakin Avenue, Haberfield
71 Ramsay Street, Haberfield
27 Stanton Road Haberfield
20 Stanton Road Haberfield
19 Stanton Road Haberfield
51 Stanton Road Haberfield
11 Rogers Avenue Haberfield
56 O'Connor Street Haberfield
53 Dudley Street, Haberfield
Several parks lie within the suburb of Haberfield such as; Algie Park, Robson Park, Reg Cody Reserve, Hawthorne Canal and Wadim 'Bill' Jegorow Reserve
Haberfield Town Square
Wadim (Bill) Jegorow Reserve, Wolesely Street
Wadim 'Bill' Jegorow Reserve at Wolesely Street, Haberfield
View of Iron Cove Creek with Wadim (Bill) Jegorow Reserve on the right
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Haberfield (suburb and locality)". Australian Census 2021 QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
- Australian Suburb Guide: Sydney Inner West Archived 26 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8
- Coupe, S&R: Speed the Plough, page 9-19,128. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0-9595234-1-3
- Coupe, S&R: Speed the Plough, page 26,36–37. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0-9595234-1-3
- "Origin of Haberfield Street and Place names". The Haberfield Association. Archived from the original on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
- Coupe, S&R: Speed the Plough, page 151-170. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0-9595234-1-3
- "Haberfield Development Control Plan" (PDF). Ashfield Municipal Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 August 2006. Retrieved 22 May 2007.
- The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/11
- "Yasmar". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning & Environment. H01379. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
- "Welcome to Haberfield". Haberfield Association.
- "Say "No" to McDonalds in Haberfield". Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- Brady, Fiona (1 October 2009). "Bunfight looms over Haberfield McDonald's". Inner West Courier. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011.
- "Haberfield Mcdonald's Proposal Rejected". Inner West Courier. Archived from the original on 28 February 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- "Haberfield Maccas". Inner West Courier. Archived from the original on 9 March 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- McDonalds Australia Limited v Ashfield Council  NSWLEC 1140 (2 June 2011), Land and Environment Court (NSW, Australia)
- Sharples, Sarah (16 May 2013). "Big stink over Haberfield Maccas". Inner West Courier.
- "St. David's Uniting Church". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning & Environment. H01669. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
- "Derrylyn". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning & Environment. H00279. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
- "Bunyas". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning & Environment. H00317. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
- "Relay Test Centre". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Department of Planning & Environment. H00933. Retrieved 18 May 2018. Text is licensed by State of New South Wales (Department of Planning and Environment) under CC-BY 4.0 licence.
- "Haberfield Public School". Department of Education. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "Dobroyd Point Public School". Department of Education. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "St Joan of Arc Catholic Primary School Haberfield". Sydney Catholic Schools. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- St Joan of Arc Parish Bulletin
- "Sydney Metro West stations confirmed" (PDF). Sydney Metro. October 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
- Newly opened WestConnex tunnel mising from Google Maps, causing confusion in Sydney The Guardian 15 July 2019
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Haberfield (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- V. Crow, Secular and religious firsts of Haberfield, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 33 (2012) Archived 15 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine, 48-62.
- Heritage NSW
- The Haberfield Association
- The Haberfield Heritage
- Haberfield Heritage's photostream
- Haberfield, the Garden Suburb
- Jackson-Stepowski, Sue (2008). "Haberfield". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 27 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]
- Jackson-Stepowski, Sue (2008). "Yasmar". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 29 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]