Habib el-Adly

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Habib El-Adly
Minister of Interior of Egypt
In office
18 November 1997 – 31 January 2011
PresidentHosni Mubarak
Preceded byHassan Al Alfi
Succeeded byMahmoud Wagdy
Personal details
Habib Ibrahim El-Adly

1938 (age 81–82)
Sharqiya Governorate, Egypt
Political partyNational Democratic Party
Military career
Service/branchMinistry of Interior (Egypt)
Years of service1959-1997
Egyptian Police Major General Rank.png
Major General
UnitEgyptian police
Commands heldImbaba Police Station
Zamalek Police Circle
Nasr City Police District
2nd CSF Brigade
Qalyoubia Police Directorate
Cairo Police
Department of Personnel, Training and Education
Other workPolitician

Habib Ibrahim El-Adly (Arabic: حبيب إبراهيم العادلي‎, pronounced [ħæˈbiːb ebɾɑˈhiːm elˈʕædli]; born 1938) is a former Egyptian politician. He served as interior minister of Egypt from November 1997 to January 2011. He was the longest serving interior minister under President Hosni Mubarak.[1]

Following the 2011 Egyptian revolution, Adly was convicted of corruption and conspiring to kill protestors and was sentenced to life in prison. This conviction was later dropped.

He was later sentenced to 7 years. He fled into hiding on 11 May 2017.

Early life and education[edit]

El-Adly was born in 1938.[2] He graduated from the police academy in 1959.


In 1965, Adly joined the State Security Investigations Service. After working at various investigation departments, he was employed at the foreign ministry from 1982 to 1984. He then investigated state security matters, and became assistant interior minister in 1993. He replaced General Hassan Al Alfi as interior minister following the November 1997 Luxor massacre.[3] Adly was one of the most significant figures who supported Mubarak during his reign.[4]

Adly served as interior minister in two different cabinets.[4] He was replaced by Mahmoud Wagdy on 31 January 2011 as part of a cabinet reshuffle aimed at appeasing the mass protests during 2011 Egyptian revolution.[5][6]


During the uprising, the Egyptian attorney general announced Adly had been given a travel ban.[7] Following Mubarak's resignation, Adly and two other former ministers were arrested on corruption charges.[8] His assets were ordered frozen by a court order.[9] Adly is estimated to have amassed a fortune of 1.2 billion US dollars.[10] He pleaded not guilty to corruption charges on 5 March 2011, answering questions by the judge on whether he had illegally profited from his government position or laundered money by saying "that did not happen."[11] On 5 May 2011, Adly was found guilty of fraud and money laundering and sentenced to 12 years in prison.[12] In June 2012, Adly, along with deposed president Hosni Mubarak, was found guilty of conspiring to kill protestors during the uprising and was sentenced to life in prison in May 2012.[13] In March 2013, the conviction for fraud and money laundering was overturned by the Court of Cassation and a retrial was requested.[14]

On retrial, el Adly was acquitted on all charges relating to complicity in the killing of protesters as well as using political influence for private gain.[15] and was released from detention in March, 2015.[16][17]

In May 2018, the Cairo Court of Appeal began the retrial of former interior minister El Adly and a number of other ministers. Together they are charged with siphoning off public funds from the ministry in an amount exceeding LE 2 billion in the period between 2000 and 2011.[18]


  1. ^ Ahmad Zaki Osman (24 January 2011). "Egypt's police: From liberators to oppressors". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  2. ^ "Who's Who". Connected in Cairo. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. ^ "Shake-Up in Cairo Follows Tourists' Killings". The New York Times. 20 November 1997.
  4. ^ a b Rana Muhammad Taha; Hend Kortam; Nouran El Behairy (11 February 2013). "The Rise and fall of Mubarak". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Mubarak swears in new cabinet". Al Jazeera. 31 January 2011.
  6. ^ Sharp, Jeremy M. (11 February 2011). "Egypt: The January 25 Revolution and Implications for U.S. Foreign Policy" (PDF). CRS Report for Congress. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
  7. ^ Egypt bans ex-ministers from travel Al Jazeera. 3 February 2011
  8. ^ Egypt after Mubarak: Three ex-ministers arrested BBC News. 17 February 2011
  9. ^ David Finnan: Cairo court orders former Interior Minister Adly's assets seized Radio France Internationale 17 February 2011
  10. ^ Hosni Mubarak's estimated $70 billion fortune makes him richer than Carlos Slim and Bill Gates
  11. ^ MacFarquhar, Neil. Stack, Liam. Ex-Security Chief Hauled to Court as Egyptians Storm His Compound The New York Times, 5 March 2011.
  12. ^ Egypt ex-minister Habib al-Adly jailed for 12 years BBC News. 5 May 2011
  13. ^ Mubarak receives life term for protest deaths Al Jazeera 2 June 2012
  14. ^ "Graft trial of Mubarak-era interior minister El-Adly adjourned". Ahram Online. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  15. ^ www.alarabiya.net 19 March 2015
  16. ^ www.alarabiya.net 25 March 2015
  17. ^ Mubarak-era interior minister Habib El-Adly released 25 March 2015. Ahram.
  18. ^ https://www.egypttoday.com/Article/1/49172/Retrial-of-former-interior-minister-to-kick-off-May-5
Political offices
Preceded by
Hassan Al Alfi
Minister of Interior
1997 - 2011
Succeeded by
Mahmoud Wagdy