|Founded||11 May 1964|
|Founders||Terence Conran and Philip Pollock|
|Headquarters||Milton Keynes, UK and Republic of Ireland|
Number of locations
|Three Flagship & two mini-Habitat stores (October 2016)|
|Clare Askem (Managing Director)
Polly Dickens (Creative Director)
|Products||Home accessories, furniture, upholstery|
Habitat Retail is a retailer of household furnishings in the United Kingdom.
Founded in 1964 by Sir Terence Conran, it merged with a number of other retailers in the 1980s to create Storehouse plc, before being sold to the Ikano Group, owned by the Kamprad family, in 1992. In December 2009 Habitat was bought by Hilco, a restructuring specialist. On 24 June 2011 all but three UK Habitat stores were put into administration in a deal to sell the indebted furniture chain, with the brand and the three London stores sold to Home Retail Group. In September 2016, UK retailer Sainsbury's bought Home Retail Group, including the Argos and Habitat brands, for £1.4 billion (about $1.85 billion).
Sir Terence Conran founded the company in London in 1964, opening his own store to market his Summa range of furniture. The first Habitat store was opened in Fulham Road in Chelsea by Conran, his then wife Caroline, Philip Pollock and the model Pagan Taylor. This store became the Habitat template, with its quarry tiled floor, whitewashed brick walls, white-painted wooden-slatted ceilings and spotlights creating a feeling of space and focusing attention on the product. Conran has said the main reason for the shop's initial success was that Habitat was one of the few places that sold cheap pasta storage jars just as the market for dried pasta took off in the UK.
The business expanded quickly in the UK throughout the 1960s and internationally with the first overseas store opening in 1973 in Paris. Habitat also published a catalogue that showed a range of products grouped together in pleasant surroundings.
In 1981, the company's shares were floated on the London Stock Exchange and in 1982 merged with Mothercare Group to form Habitat Mothercare Group PLC. The now-listed company bought the furniture retailer Heal's and the Richard Shops fashion chain in 1983. In 1986, the company merged with British Home Stores to form Storehouse plc.
In 1992 Habitat was purchased from Storehouse by Ikano. In October 2009, following several years of trading losses, the Kamprad family, who own Ikano, put the company up for sale, and it was sold to Hilco, a restructuring specialist, in December 2009 with the Kamprad family writing off the debts of the company and providing €50 million (£45 million) of working capital while Hilco paid about €15m.
On 24 June 2011 Hilco, who had owned Habitat UK Ltd since December 2009, announced that they were putting the company into administration. Home Retail Group (owner of Argos and Homebase) purchased the Habitat brand, three Central London stores and the UK website. The UK business was registered under the name Habitat Retail Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of Home Retail Group. Home Retail Group will retain approx 100 staff at the London stores and around 50 in head office, including many of Habitat's in-house designers, buyers and merchandisers. Cafom, a company registered in France, purchased Habitat's European businesses. As of 11 September 2011, all other Habitat stores in the UK had been closed by Hilco with around 750 employees being made redundant.
Home Retail Group acquisition
The Home Retail Group acquired the three Central London stores in Tottenham Court Road, King's Road and Finchley Road and the transactional website. It has since begun to roll out mini Habitat stores within Homebase branches nationwide. In October 2012 the first of these mini Habitat stores opened in Ruislip, followed by launches in Solihull, Ewell, Battersea, Horsham, Orpington, Leeds, Bracknell and Truro. By the end of 2013 Habitat said there will be 14 mini Habitat stores across the UK. Habitat has also begun to offer a selection of Habitat products in 200 Homebase and Argos stores nationwide and on the Argos and Homebase websites.
Purchase by Sainsbury's
In April 2016, Home Retail Group agreed to a £1.4bn takeover by UK retailer Sainsbury's. The deal included the sale of brands Argos and Habitat. The acquisition completed on 2 September 2016. All concessions within Homebase stores have now been closed and removed.
Habitat Retail currently has three Central London stores in Tottenham Court Road, King's Road and Finchley Road and up to September 2016, operated 84 mini-Habitat concessions in Homebase stores. With the demerger of Homebase from Habitat's parent company, all mini-Habitat concessions were removed from Homebase. Habitat also has a transactional UK website, as well as offering a selection of Habitat products on argos.co.uk and argos.ie. Habitat also operates sourcing offices in Italy, Poland, Slovenia and China.
The company used to have stores in Galway and Dublin in the Republic of Ireland but these were closed down in 2008. Habitat previously employed 1,574 staff and operated in 71 stores: 35 in the UK, 26 in France, five in Spain and five in Germany (as of October 2009). The international operations have been part of Cafom since 2011.
In January 2009, Habitat began planning a fully transactional web site to enter the online shopping market. The site was launched in November 2009, based on an E-commerce application from BT Expedite, with a back-end by LShift, after a period when only a small number of products were available online. Following feedback, the company announced a new website in January 2011, offering online delivery to UK, Germany and Republic of Ireland.
Habitat's managing director, Clare Askem, has been with the brand since 2011. Polly Dickens has been with the brand since 2012 as Creative Director.
Habitat launched Platform, a design initiative and gallery space housed in the King's Road store in 2012 that now hosts a calendar of exhibitions and events throughout the year.
In June 2009 Habitat was criticised for taking advantage of the list of trending topics on the social-networking service Twitter to promote its products. These topics included hashtags referring to Apple, the iPhone, Mousavi (the Iranian presidential candidate) as well as other hashtags relating to the 2009 Iranian election protests. Because the products being promoted had nothing to do with the subject of the hashtags Habitat's actions were considered to be spam. Habitat's PR department reacted quickly to delete the offending posts and blamed an intern for the inappropriate use of the hashtags and apologised to Twitter users for their actions. However, the identity of the intern was not revealed. Habitat returned to Twitter in September 2009.
- "Habitat stores enter administration as part of sale". BBC News. 24 June 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
- Sainsbury's takeover of Home Retail Group approved, Press Association news agency at BT news website, 22 July 2016 Archived 18 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine..Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- "Habitat UK Limited initial submission: store cards market investigation" (PDF). Competition Commission. 12 May 2004. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- Maclean, Rory (15 July 2007). "Magical memory tour of London". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- Barnfield, Stacey (2004). "Habi Birthday". icBirmingham. Retrieved 3 December 2009.[dead link]
- Glancey, Jonathan (22 December 2001). "Old Habitats die hard". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- Davey, Jenny (18 October 2009). "Swedes seek new home for ailing Habitat". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- Davey, Jenny; Ben Marlow (13 December 2009). "Swedes sell Habitat with £45m 'dowry'". The Times. Retrieved 13 December 2009.
- "Habitat stores enter administration as part of sale". BBC News. 24 June 2011. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- Shannon, Sarah (24 June 2011). "Home Retail Buys Habitat U.K. Brand Amid Chain's Administration". Bloomberg. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- Harrison, Nicola (8 July 2011). "Hilco sells Habitat European arm to Cafom Sa". Retail Week. Retrieved 25 December 2012.
- "Sainsbury's wins battle to buy argos". Retrieved 1 April 2016.
- "Habitat closes in Dublin and Galway due to sales downturn". The Irish Times. 10 May 2008. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- Mari, Angelica (2 July 2009). "Habitat gets a web site makeover". Computing. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- McEleny, Charlotte (12 November 2009). "Habitat adds to etail site as it extends push on social media". New Media Age. Retrieved 11 December 2009. (Subscription required.)
- Habitat (24 January 2011). "Habitat Announces the Launch of New Website" (Press release). PR Newswire. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
- Anderson, Kevin (22 June 2009). "Habitat ticks off Twitter with spam". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- Tiphereth (24 June 2009). "HabitatUK apologises for Twitter hashtag issue". Social Media Today. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- McEleny, Charlotte (16 September 2009). "Habitat back on Twitter after controversial start". New Media Age. Retrieved 11 December 2009. (Subscription required.)