Habsburg-occupied Serbia (1686–91)
|Status||Territory of the Habsburg Monarchy|
|Common languages||Serbian, German|
|Historical era||Early modern period|
• Habsburg occupation
• Habsburg withdrawal
|10 September 1691|
|ISO 3166 code||RS|
Habsburg-occupied Serbia refers to the period between 1686 and 1691 of the Great Turkish War (1683–99), during which the territory of present-day Serbia (which was de jure Ottoman territory) was occupied by the Habsburg Monarchy.
Habsburg conquest of the territory of present-day Serbia started in 1686, with the conquest of north-eastern parts of Bačka. At the time, these territories were contested between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. By 1688, the Habsburgs controlled western parts of present-day Vojvodina, as well as some areas in the south of the rivers Sava and Danube, while in 1690, Habsburg-controlled area included much of the territory of present-day Serbia. Belgrade was captured after a five-week siege in 1688 (See: Siege of Belgrade (1688)). The Ottomans recaptured the city in 1690 (See: Siege of Belgrade (1690))
The Habsburg withdrawal from the territory of present-day Serbia ran in parallel with the Great Serbian Migrations into the lands of the Habsburg Monarchy. It was followed by the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699 (signed in Sremski Karlovci in present-day northern Serbia), under which the Serbian nation and territory of present-day Serbia were divided between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburgs. According to the Treaty, most of the territory of present-day Serbia remained within the Ottoman Empire, while the region of Bačka and part of the region of Syrmia were assigned to the Habsburg Monarchy.
Additional parts of the territory of present-day Serbia were again placed under Habsburg administration (military rule) after 1718, when a tributary Habsburg Kingdom of Serbia was established.
The Habsburg commanders in charge in the territory of present-day Serbia were:
- Ludwig Wilhelm von Baden (6 Sep 1689 until 24 Sep 1689)
- Giovanni Norberto Piccolomini (from 24 Sep 1689 until December 1689)
- Georg Christian von Braunschweig (until the withdrawal from southern parts of the territory of present-day Serbia 10 Sep 1691)
- Ćorović 2001.
- "Portale Storia ~ Geo Rulers Atlas Words ~ Serbia 600 ~ 1867". Archived from the original on 7 October 2011.
- Bataković, Dušan T., ed. (2005). Histoire du peuple serbe [History of the Serbian People] (in French). Lausanne: L’Age d’Homme.
- Ćorović, Vladimir (2001) . "Даље борбе с Турцима". Историја српског народа. Belgrade: Јанус. (in Serbian)
- Ćorović, Vladimir (2001) . "Велика сеоба Срба у Аустрију". Историја српског народа. Belgrade: Јанус. (in Serbian)
- Душан Ј. Поповић. "НАПУШТАЊЕ СРБИЈЕ И БЕОГРАДА, ДОГАЂАЈИ НЕПОСРЕДНО ПОСЛЕ СЕОБЕ" (in Serbian). Rastko.
- "ИНВИТАТОРИЈА ЦАРА ЛЕОПОЛДА I И ПРИВИЛЕГИЈЕ СРПСКЕ" (in Serbian). Rastko.
- Tomić, Jov. N. (1902). "Deset godina iz istorije srpskog naroda i crkve pod Turcima (1683-1693)".