Haji Özbek Mosque

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Haji Özbek Mosque
Hacı Özbek Camii
Hacı Özbek Camii.jpg
Basic information
Location Iznik, Turkey
Affiliation Islam
Country Turkey
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Islamic, Ottoman architecture
Completed 1333; 684 years ago (1333)
Specifications
Length 7.92 m (26.0 ft)
Width 7.92 m (26.0 ft)
Dome(s) Hemispheric

Haji Özbek Mosque (Turkish: Hacı Özbek Camii) is a historical Ottoman mosque in Iznik, Turkey.

The Mosque[edit]

The Haji Özbek Mosque (1333) in Iznik, which was the first important centre of Ottoman art, is a prime example of Ottoman single-domed mosque, which illustrates a combination of Byzantine building techniques and Muslim needs.[1] According to the inscriptive plaque (kitabe) above a window, the mosque was built by Haci Özbek bin Muhammed in the year 1333 (734 A.H.), two years after the Ottoman conquest of Iznik by the Ottoman sultan Orhan I.[2] The building is a single-unit mosque composed of a square hall crowned with a dome, which is eight metres (26 ft) in diameter. The drum of the dome of the mosque is dodecagonal and adorned with a band of triangular planes on the interior. The mosque consists of a triple layer of brick with alternating layers of individually cut stone separated by vertically laid brick.[3]

In 1939 the three-bay portico preceding the hall to the west was demolished, to make space for road expansion. The portico, was roofed with a barrel vault to the south and a mirror vault on the north. In the place of the demolished portico, a new enclosed portico was added to the northern side of the building in the year 1959. The mosque never had a minaret. The ornamental details of the interior have been lost under the layers of plaster. For the construction of the mosque, brick and rubble stone, was used, together with saw-toothed brick cornices at the top of the walls and terra-cotta tileswere used on the brick dome.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sultanates and Gunpowder Empires, Ira M. Lapidus, The Oxford History of Islam, Ed. John L. Esposito, (Oxford University Press, 1999), 371.
  2. ^ Sheila Blair and Jonathan Bloom, The Art and Architecture of Islam, 1250-1800, (Yale University Press, 1994), 134.
  3. ^ Ottomans,Andrew Petersen, Dictionary of Islamic Architecture, (Routledge, 1996), 217.
  • History of Ottoman Architecture, J. Freely, 2010

External links[edit]