Hacıköy, Biga

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Hacıköy
Аскъэлай
Village
Hacıköy is located in Turkey
Hacıköy
Hacıköy
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 40°17′N 27°17′E / 40.283°N 27.283°E / 40.283; 27.283Coordinates: 40°17′N 27°17′E / 40.283°N 27.283°E / 40.283; 27.283
Country  Turkey
Province Çanakkale Province
District Biga
Elevation 8 m (27 ft)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 17200
Area code(s) 0286
Licence plate 17
Website [1]

Hacıköy [Transliteration:Hadjykoey, Circassian:Аскъэлай (Asqelay)] is a village in Biga district in Çanakkale province.

History[edit]

The village was founded by the Circassians deported by Russia from the lands called Kuban River territory which exists in Republic of Adygea in Caucassus in 1872. Deportees were moved recent lands after spending for about 2 years of time in Biga centrium. That's why the village was named "Maksudiye" (in Ottoman language it means land of ones who gained their purpose). In 1878, 15 households of Turkish descents who immigraded from Razgrad, Targovishte, Shumen and Dobruja in Bulgaria. In 1951 another group of same ethniticity immigrated from Omurtag.

The village was named after Hacı Bey who was a figure in Turkish Independence War. [1]

Circassian families living in the village[edit]

Circassian deportees who settled in the village has Circassian surnames listed below.[2][3]

Culture[edit]

Adyghe Khabze (Circassian: Адыгэ Хабзэ) is the native Circassian religion, philosophy and worldview, it is the epitome of Circassian culture and tradition having deeply shaped the ethical values of the Adyghe. It is their code of honour and is based on mutual respect and above all requires responsibility, discipline and self-control. Adyghe Xabze functions as the Circassian unwritten law yet was highly regulated and adhered to in the past. The Code requires that all Circassians are taught courage, reliability and generosity. Greed, desire for possessions, wealth and ostentation are considered disgraceful ("Yemiku" Circassian:ЕмыкӀу) by the Xabze code. In accordance with Xabze, hospitality was and is particularly pronounced among the Circassians. A guest is not only a guest of the host family, but equally a guest of the whole village and clan. Even enemies are regarded as guests if they enter the home and being hospitable to them as one would with any other guest is a sacred duty.

Circassians consider the host to be like a slave to the guest in that the host is expected to tend to the guest's every need and want. A guest must never be permitted to labour in any way, this is considered a major disgrace on the host.

Every Circassian arises when someone enters the room, providing a place for the person entering and allowing the newcomer to speak before everyone else during the conversation. In the presence of elders and women respectful conversation and conduct are essential. Disputes are stopped in the presence of women and domestic disputes are never continued in the presence of guests. A woman can request disputing families to reconcile and they must comply with her request. A key figure in Circassian culture is the person known as the "T'hamade or T'hamate" (Circassian: Тхьэмадэ - Тхьэматэ), who is often an elder but also the person who carries the responsibility for functions like weddings or circumcision parties. This person must always comply with all the rules of Xabze in all areas of his life.

Climate[edit]

Climate of village is Marmara climate.

Population[edit]

Population by years
2011 618
2000 -
1997 381

Economy[edit]

Economy of the village depends on agriculture and animal husbandry.

Substructure[edit]

A village structure is existed in village. But It is unused. The village has potable water and sanitary sewer. There is not PTT branch office but there is an agent. Cottage hospital also does not exist.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gürsu, Engin (2001). Biga-Pegai. Biga, Çanakkale: Biga Doğuş Gazetecilik, Matbaacılık, Yayıncılık Ltd. Şti. 
  2. ^ "Türkiye'de yaşayan Çerkes sülaleleri - Çanakkale". 
  3. ^ "Çerkes soyisimleri".