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Haccombe House and St Blaise's parish church
Setting of Haccombe House and St Blaise's parish church
St Blaise's Church, Haccombe

Haccombe is an historic manor in Devon, situated 2 1/2 miles east of Newton Abbot, in the south of the county. It is or was perhaps the smallest parish in England, and was said in 1810 to be remarkable for containing only two inhabited houses, namely the manor house known as Haccombe House and the parsonage.[1] The manor house survives in its Georgian early 19th century form,[2] but a mediaeval mansion house existed previously on the site.[3] Next to the manor house is the small parish church dedicated to St Blaise, remarkable for the many ancient stone sculpted effigies and monumental brasses it contains,[4] amongst the best in Devon.[5] The manor was the seat of important branches of the Courtenay and Carew families.

Descent of the manor[edit]

The descent of the manor of Haccombe was as follows:

de Haccombe[edit]

Arms of de Haccombe: Argent, three chevronels sable.[6] These arms were apparently also adopted by the Archdekne family, successors to de Haccombe[7]

The earliest recorded holder of the manor was the de Haccombe family,[8] which as was usual took its surname from the manor.

  • Stephen I de Haccombe, who is recorded as holding the manor in 1242.[9]
  • Sir Jordan I de Haccombe, successor[10]
  • Sir Stephen II de Haccombe, successor[11]
  • Jordan II de Haccombe, successor, who married the daughter and heiress of Mauger de St Awbin, but left no male progeny, only a daughter and sole-heiress Cecily de Haccombe, wife of Sir John Archdekne, to whom passed the manor.[12]


Arms of Archdekne: Argent, three chevronels sable,[13] apparently arms adopted from the de Haccombe family[14]
  • Sir John Archdekne, who married Cecily de Haccombe, heiress of Haccombe,[15] by whom he had in the words of Risdon (d.1640) "A fruitful progeny especially of issue male".[16] However, of his nine sons only two left progeny, namely Sir Warren Archdekne, second son and eventual heir; and the third son Richard Archdekne who had a son Richard Archdekne who died without progeny.[17]
  • Sir Warren Archdekne, second son and heir,[18] who married Elizabeth Talbot, a co-heiress of John Talbot. He left no male progeny, only three daughters and co-heiresses, including Phillipa Archdekne, eventual heiress of Haccombe, the second wife of Sir Hugh Courtenay (c.1358-1425).


Arms of Courtenay: Or, three torteaux a label azure


Arms of Carew: Or, three lions passant in pale sable[20]
  • Nicholas III Carew of Mohuns Ottery in Devon, who married Joane Courtenay (born 1411), a daughter of Sir Hugh Courtenay (1358–1425) of Haccombe and of Boconnoc.[21] As her eldest son was already well provided for as the heir to his father's estates of Mohuns Ottery and others under primogeniture, Joane Courtenay gave Haccombe to her second son Nicholas Carew, as was common practice in such situations,[22] who founded there a prominent junior branch of the Carew family. (See Carew baronets (1661) of Haccombe).[23] Risdon however states the reason for Joan Courtenay having passed over her eldest son in distributing the Haccombe estates was "for some defect of a due respect to his mother (as she conceived)".[24] The Carew family of Haccombe obtained a baronetcy in 1661, still extant today, and continued to reside at that estate until the 19th century,[25] having earlier inherited further estates from other advantageous marriages, including Bickleigh, inherited by Sir Thomas Carew, 1st Baronet (d.1673/4) following his first marriage to Elizabeth Carew, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Sir Henry Carew of Bickleigh[26] and Tiverton Castle, the ancient seat of the Courtenay Earls of Devon, which latter was inherited by Sir Thomas Carew, 4th Baronet of Haccombe from his marriage to Dorothy West, a daughter and co-heiress of Peter West of Tiverton Castle.[27] Joan Courtenay survived her husband and married secondly, by royal licence dated 5 October 1450, Sir Robert Vere, second son of Richard de Vere, 11th Earl of Oxford, by whom she had a son, John Vere,[28] father of John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford.


  1. ^ Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.377
  2. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus & Cherry, Bridget, The Buildings of England: Devon, London, 2004, p.464
  3. ^ Hoskins, W.G., A New Survey of England: Devon, London, 1959 (first published 1954), p.402
  4. ^ Pevsner, p.464
  5. ^ Hoskins, p.402
  6. ^ Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.485
  7. ^ Pole, p.468
  8. ^ Risdon, p.140, who starts his passage with Stephen de Haccombe
  9. ^ Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.249
  10. ^ Pole, p.249
  11. ^ Pole, p.249
  12. ^ Pole, p.249
  13. ^ Pole, p.468
  14. ^ Pole, p.485
  15. ^ Pole, p.249
  16. ^ Risdon, p.140
  17. ^ Risdon, p.140
  18. ^ Pole, p.249; Risdon, p.140
  19. ^ Risdon, p.140
  20. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, Carew Baronets, p.155; Baron Carew p.216
  21. ^ Vivian, pp.134,245; Pole, p.249
  22. ^ An heiress mother who was married to a wealthy husband frequently left her inheritance to a younger son, often with a stipulation that he should adopt her paternal surname and arms, in order effectively to continue a family which had expired in the male line. See for example Sir Theobald Gorges, the subject of the famous lawsuit Warbelton v Gorges
  23. ^ Vivian, pp.134,144; Risdon, p.140
  24. ^ Risdon, p.140
  25. ^ Address of 10th Carew Baronet per Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.155; Haccombe Parva (Latin, "Little Haccombe"), Killiney, Co. Dublin, Ireland
  26. ^ Vivian, p.144
  27. ^ Vivian, p.145
  28. ^ Risdon, p.140, who misses out a generation of de Veres
Secondary sources