Hachiōji, Tokyo

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Hachiōji
八王子市
Core City
View of top left, Downtown Hachioji, Komiya Park, Naganuma Park, Mount Takao, stone fence and bridge in Hachioji Castle site, Yakuoin in Mount Takao, Hachioji Ramen, Hachioji Traditional Festival on August
View of top left, Downtown Hachioji, Komiya Park, Naganuma Park, Mount Takao, stone fence and bridge in Hachioji Castle site, Yakuoin in Mount Takao, Hachioji Ramen, Hachioji Traditional Festival on August
Flag of Hachiōji
Flag
Official seal of Hachiōji
Seal
Location of Hachiōji in Tokyo
Location of Hachiōji in Tokyo
Hachiōji is located in Japan
Hachiōji
Hachiōji
 
Coordinates: 35°39′59.2″N 139°18′57.6″E / 35.666444°N 139.316000°E / 35.666444; 139.316000Coordinates: 35°39′59.2″N 139°18′57.6″E / 35.666444°N 139.316000°E / 35.666444; 139.316000
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Tokyo
Government
 • -Mayor Takayuki Ishimori (石森 孝志 Takayuki Ishimori?)
Area
 • Total 186.38 km2 (71.96 sq mi)
Population (February 2016)
 • Total 579,330
 • Density 3,110/km2 (8,100/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols  
• Tree Ginkgo bilboa
• Flower Lilium auratum
• Bird Blue-and-white flycatcher
Phone number 042-626-3111
Address 3-24-1 Motohongo-cho, Hachiōji-shi, Tokyo 192-8501
Website www.city.hachioji.tokyo.jp
Hachiōji City Hall

Hachiōji (八王子市 Hachiōji-shi?) is a city located in the western portion of Tokyo Metropolis, in the central Kantō region of Japan. As of 1 February 2016, the city had an estimated population of 579,330 and a population density of 3110 persons per km². Its total area was 186.38 square kilometres (71.96 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Hachiōji is located in the foothills of the Okutama Mountains of western Tokyo, about 40 kilometers west of the center of the 23 special wards of Tokyo. The city is surrounded on three sides by mountains, forming the Hachioji Basin which opens up toward the east in the direction of Tokyo. The mountain ranges in the southwest include Mount Takao (599 m) and Mount Jinba (857 m), two popular hiking destinations which can be reached by train and bus, respectively.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hachioji (1981 - 2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
24.0
(75.2)
25.5
(77.9)
32.2
(90)
37.1
(98.8)
35.9
(96.6)
39.0
(102.2)
38.7
(101.7)
39.2
(102.6)
32.1
(89.8)
26.7
(80.1)
26.0
(78.8)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
9.9
(49.8)
13.0
(55.4)
18.9
(66)
23.1
(73.6)
25.6
(78.1)
29.5
(85.1)
31.2
(88.2)
26.7
(80.1)
21.2
(70.2)
16.2
(61.2)
11.8
(53.2)
19.7
(67.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4.1
(39.4)
7.5
(45.5)
13.1
(55.6)
17.6
(63.7)
20.9
(69.6)
24.7
(76.5)
26.1
(79)
22.2
(72)
16.4
(61.5)
10.7
(51.3)
5.7
(42.3)
14.4
(57.9)
Average low °C (°F) −2.1
(28.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.2
(36)
7.5
(45.5)
12.6
(54.7)
16.9
(62.4)
20.9
(69.6)
22.1
(71.8)
18.5
(65.3)
12.3
(54.1)
6.0
(42.8)
0.5
(32.9)
9.7
(49.5)
Record low °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−8.6
(16.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
−2
(28)
2.6
(36.7)
10.1
(50.2)
13.3
(55.9)
16.0
(60.8)
7.9
(46.2)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.3
(27.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48.3
(1.902)
49.4
(1.945)
103.4
(4.071)
118.2
(4.654)
121.5
(4.783)
167.9
(6.61)
176.0
(6.929)
242.2
(9.535)
256.7
(10.106)
187.7
(7.39)
88.8
(3.496)
45.2
(1.78)
1,602.3
(63.083)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.5 5.0 9.9 10.1 10.4 12.8 12.4 10.4 12.9 10.3 6.9 4.3 109.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 190.7 172.1 169.5 175.5 168.7 120.0 141.6 176.5 124.8 134.0 158.5 185.0 1,917.7
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency
Source #2: 観測史上1〜10位の値(年間を通じての値)

History[edit]

The area of present-day Hachiōji was part of ancient Musashi Province. It has been an important junction point and post town along the Kōshū Highway, the main road that connected the historical Edo (today's Tokyo) with western Japan. Hachioji Castle was built during the Sengoku periodin 1584 by Hōjō Ujiteru, but was soon destroyed in 1590 by Toyotomi Hideyoshi. During the Edo period, the area was tenryo controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate.

In the post-Meiji Restoration cadastral reform of July 22, 1878, the area became part of Minamitama District in Kanagawa Prefecture. The town of Hachiōji was created on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of municipalities law. Minaitama District was transferred to the administrative control of Tokyo Metropolis on April 1, 1893. Hachiōji gained city status on September 1, 1917.

During the 1964 Summer Olympics, the city played host to the road cycling events. A velodrome in the city played host to the track cycling events.[1]

Economy[edit]

During the Meiji period, Hachiōji prospered as an important location for the production of silk and silk textiles. The industry faded away, however, in the 1960s. Today, Hachiōji mainly serves as a commuter town for people working in Tokyo, and as a location for many large colleges and universities.

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Hachiōji has 70 public elementary schools and 37 public middle schools operated by the city government, as well as four public combined elementary/middle schools. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education operates nine public high schools, and there are also eleven private high schools.

he metropolis also operates the Hachioji School for the Blind.

Transportation[edit]

Railways[edit]

Highways[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Hachioji stretches over a large area, combining such diverse parts as the densely populated city center and its shopping district with the hardly populated rural areas in the west.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1964 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 1. Part 1. p. 115.
  2. ^ a b c "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 1 July 2016. 

External links[edit]